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伊斯兰视角下的国际商务 International Business From Islamic Perspective

时间:2018-05-22 08:44来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
国际商务在各个时代的经济和社会中始终发挥着重要的作用。穆斯林是当代世界的一部分,这一规则也不例外。他们的宗教(伊斯兰教)不仅允许他们,而且鼓励他们做生意。先知穆罕默德(伊斯兰教的使者)自己是一个专职的商人,相当长的一段时间。然而,当代穆斯林却面临着严重的困境,因为他们没有遵循古兰经和逊尼派的宪法。这部古兰经强调的正义和维护实践中的直接平衡显然是从强有力的和经常重复的禁令中得出的。
 
International Business has always played a vital role in the economic and social of all people through the ages. Muslim as a part of contemporary world, and cannot be exception from this rule. Their religion (Islam) not only permits them, but also encourages them to do business. The prophet Muhammad (pbub) (the Messenger of Islam) himself was a full-time business man for a considerable period of time. However, contemporary Muslim find themselves confronted with serious dilemmas, because they didn't follow their constitution, which are Quran and Sunna .This Quran's emphasis on justice in general and maintenance of straight balance in practical is evident from forceful and oft-repeated injunctions.
 
This study will try to collect some brightness efforts from implementing Islamic rules and standers in international business.
 
1.2 The purpose of the study:
 
The aim of this study is to recognize Islamic banking as the main contribution in international business and how this contribution adds significant solution to world banking problems
 
1.3 Methodology:
 
In this project the methodology depends on several references such as books, articles in journals, websites, and magazines.
 
.Chapter Two
 
Literature review:
 
2.0 The Fundamental of an Islamic Business System
 
The basic frame work for an Islamic business system is a set of rules and laws. Collectively referred to as shariah, governing economic, social, political, and culture aspects of Islamic societies. Shariah originates from the rules dictated by the Quran and its practices, and explanations from Sunnah by the prophet Muhammad. Further elaboration of the rules is provided by scholars in Islamic jurisprudence within the framework of the Quran and Sunnah. (Saeed, M . Ahmed, Zr . Mukhtar, S 2001)
 
This framework clarifies the prohibition of interest. Prohibition of riba, a term of literally meaning "an excess" and interpreted as "any unjustifiable increase of capital whether in loan or sales" is the central tenet of the system. More precisely, any positive, fixed predetermined rate tied to the maturity and the amount of principle is considered riba and is prohibited. The general consensus among Islam scholars is that riba cover not only usury but also the changing of "interest" as widely practiced.(责任编辑:cinq)


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