Handbook Proposal Abstractintroduction Literature Review outline swot分析法 pest分析法 pestel analysis case study Methodology Reference 论文题目选题


时间:2015-11-08 09:58来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien



In the 30 years since 1978 a number of technology trends and developments have had a significant effect upon society, and right now in mid 2008 it seems entirely plausible that several of these technology trends will continue to maintain or increase in their societal importance and impact over the coming 30 years to 2038, and beyond. Technology advances will change society but, simultaneously, societal factors will influence the demands placed on technology research, development, commercialization, and application and so society will shape and influence future technology advances.
Consider a couple of obvious exampleosite direction too. Events in the world, and changes in society, will determine research agendas and affect technology developments, or as. The past 30 years have witnessed a dramatic, explosive, increase in the socioeconomic importance of information technology (IT) systems. It is difficult to remember the extent to which the magnitudes of the Personal Computer (PC) and Internet revolutions were under-estimated until very shortly before their impact became undeniable. Right now, it seems very likely that the post-genomic biotechnology of proteomics and synthetic life are set (over the next 30 years or so) to
have a similarly explosive and revolutionary effect on the world in general, and on advanced industrialized economies in particular. In these aspects of IT and of biotech we can think informally of the causation being from the lab to the world: researchers develop new technologies, those technologies change society.
But we know that causation runs in the oppffect which technologies are commercially successful. That the world‘s climate is undergoing a period of significant change is no longer in dispute (although the extent to which that change is anthropogenic is still the topic of some debate). That the world‘s energy consumption is increasing at an alarming rate (regardless of any impact on climate) is, on a 25-50 year perspective, an extraordinarily serious concern: many respected commentators argue that the oil peak will be passed very soon, if not already; some estimates of global uranium stocks imply that, if all major economies switched to traditional fissile nuclear reactors, the world‘s uranium would be entirely consumed within 30 years compensating for dwindling oil supplies by increasing production of liquid bio fuels requires repurposing vast tracts of arable land, typically switching it away from producing food for humans, and thereby contributing to significant inflation in basic food prices. Dealing with climate change, our rampant energy needs, our increasingly crowded planet, and our resultant pollution, are challenges not only for technology development but also for policymakers and other agents of social change.(责任编辑:cinq)

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