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英国论文写作指导:Introduction写作范例

时间:2015-11-08 09:58来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
英国论文写作指导:Introduction写作范例

关于科学技术变化对英国未来教育的影响讨论

Introduction 

自1978年以来,30年的技术趋势和发展非常大的影响了社会。现在,2008年中期,似乎其中的几个技术趋势完全有可能在将来的30年直至2038年甚至更远的时间内继续维持或改变人们的社会。技术的进步可以改变社会,但同样的,社会因素也会影响教育研究,发展,商业和软件应用。所以社会也在影响技术进步的形状方向。
考虑2个明显的例子。人们在过去30年里见证了信息技术的戏剧化的爆炸式的发展,增强了社会经济。不久时间前,个人计算机和互联网的重要性还在被严重低估到无人问津。现在,似乎很有可能会像蛋白质组学的生物技术和合成生命在30年左右对世界有一个类似的爆炸和革命影响
 
In the 30 years since 1978 a number of technology trends and developments have had a significant effect upon society, and right now in mid 2008 it seems entirely plausible that several of these technology trends will continue to maintain or increase in their societal importance and impact over the coming 30 years to 2038, and beyond. Technology advances will change society but, simultaneously, societal factors will influence the demands placed on technology research, development, commercialization, and application and so society will shape and influence future technology advances.
 
Consider a couple of obvious exampleosite direction too. Events in the world, and changes in society, will determine research agendas and affect technology developments, or as. The past 30 years have witnessed a dramatic, explosive, increase in the socioeconomic importance of information technology (IT) systems. It is difficult to remember the extent to which the magnitudes of the Personal Computer (PC) and Internet revolutions were under-estimated until very shortly before their impact became undeniable. Right now, it seems very likely that the post-genomic biotechnology of proteomics and synthetic life are set (over the next 30 years or so) to
have a similarly explosive and revolutionary effect on the world in general, and on advanced industrialized economies in particular. In these aspects of IT and of biotech we can think informally of the causation being from the lab to the world: researchers develop new technologies, those technologies change society.
 
But we know that causation runs in the oppffect which technologies are commercially successful. That the world‘s climate is undergoing a period of significant change is no longer in dispute (although the extent to which that change is anthropogenic is still the topic of some debate). That the world‘s energy consumption is increasing at an alarming rate (regardless of any impact on climate) is, on a 25-50 year perspective, an extraordinarily serious concern: many respected commentators argue that the oil peak will be passed very soon, if not already; some estimates of global uranium stocks imply that, if all major economies switched to traditional fissile nuclear reactors, the world‘s uranium would be entirely consumed within 30 years compensating for dwindling oil supplies by increasing production of liquid bio fuels requires repurposing vast tracts of arable land, typically switching it away from producing food for humans, and thereby contributing to significant inflation in basic food prices. Dealing with climate change, our rampant energy needs, our increasingly crowded planet, and our resultant pollution, are challenges not only for technology development but also for policymakers and other agents of social change.(责任编辑:cinq)


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