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经济学作业:贸易平衡The trade balance

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经济学作业:贸易平衡The trade balance

摘要 -Abstract


Business balance or a net exports (sometimes a symbol of the NX) is the difference between the monetary value of exports and imports of output in an economy during a given period of time, measured in money. It is a state of the relationship between the import and export. [1] a positive balance is known as the trade surplus if it contains exports exceeded imports; Negative balance is known as the trade deficit, or informal trade deficit. Sometimes divided into the balance of trade in goods and services. 
理解贸易平衡-Understand the trade balance 
The trade balance is a country in a given year foreign trade imports and exports basically leveling. Throughout the world trade policy practices ( regional ) government , this phenomenon is not much. A government in foreign trade should seek to maintain a basic balance between imports and exports , a slight surplus , which is beneficial to the healthy development of the national economy . If a country is often a trade deficit phenomenon , the national income will be out of the country so that the country's economic performance weakened. Government To improve this situation , we must take the depreciation of the national currency as the currency decline, disguised to lower export prices , can improve the competitiveness of export products. Therefore, when the country's foreign trade deficit widened , the currency will be bearish , bringing the country's currency fell ; Conversely , when there is foreign trade surplus , it is good that currency . Therefore, the international foreign exchange trading position is a very important factor . Trade friction between Japan and the U.S. to fully illustrate this point. U.S. trade deficit with Japan in recent years , resulting in deterioration in the U.S. trade balance . In order to limit Japan's trade surplus with the United States , the U.S. government put pressure on Japan , forcing the appreciation of the yen . The Japanese government is doing everything possible to prevent excessive appreciation of the yen in order to maintain a more favorable trading conditions .
By a country's foreign trade situation caused by the impact of exchange rate starting , you can see the direct effects of changes in the international balance of payments position of a country's exchange rate. If a country's balance of payments surplus , the country's demand for money will increase the country's foreign exchange inflows will increase , resulting in an increase of the country's currency . Conversely, if a country's international balance of payments deficit , the country will reduce the demand for money , the country's foreign exchange inflows will be reduced , leading to decline in the country's currency , the currency devaluation. In the balance of payments impact of various projects in the biggest trade in addition to the above items , as well as the capital of exchange rate changes . Trade balance surplus or deficit directly affects currency exchange rates rise or fall . For example, one important reason for the falling dollar , the U.S. trade deficit is increasingly serious. In contrast, Japan, due to huge trade surplus , the balance of payments situation is better , the yen 's foreign exchange rate showed a rising trend . Similarly, capital surplus or deficit directly affects the ups and downs of currency exchange rates , when a country has a large deficit in the capital account , the balance of payments and other items not enough to make up for the country's balance of payments deficit will appear , causing their Foreign currency exchange rate fell . On the contrary , it will lead to an increase of the national currency exchange rate.
General trade, connotation, means that the buying and selling of goods. In international trade, trade import and export. Trade balance is simply the difference between the value of export and import value. Therefore, trade balance according to different countries in the process of the import and export of goods. It shows that the value of the country's export and import. If the export of over a period of time is worth more than the value of imports, it is called a trade surplus, on the contrary, if the value of imports over exports over a period of time, this is unfavorable balance of trade. The trade surplus shows that good economic conditions. 
The policy of early modern Europe are grouped in the mercantilism. Imbalance of trade early understanding of the practice and abuse of mercantilism in colonial America's natural resources and economic crops for export finished products from England, a factor led to the American revolution. Said earlier in the common wealth of England in the field of discourse, in 1549: "we must be careful, we purchased from stranger than we no longer sell, so we should be poor and rich." Similar systems [2] and consistent explanation of the trade balance is made public by Thomas Mun c1630 "the treasures of English foreign trade or, our foreign trade balance is the rules of our treasure" [3]  (责任编辑:BUG)

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