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经济学中零售价格指数介绍

时间:2015-06-15 14:14来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
零售物价指数—Retail Price Index
 
介绍—Introduction
 
我们今天所熟知的零售物价指数,是于1947年6月首次被引用。然而,生活消费指数在1914年7月首次被政府引用,为了保护工人在第一次世界大战期间免受价格上涨的困难,一直被延用到1947年。零售物价指数的出版过渡期是从1947 - 1956年。为了简化问题,许多出版物共同引用这些零售物价指数,使用日期范围是1914 - 2000。
 
零售物价指数的定义—Definition
 
零售物价指数是“测量零售商品价格的固定值变化的通货膨胀指标”。
 
消费者价格指数—Consumer Price Index
 
CPI是“测量产品和服务的固定值变化的通货膨胀指标,包括住房、电力、食品、和运输”。
 
零售物价指数—Retail Price Index
 
介绍—Introduction
 
The RPI as we know it today was first introduced in June 1947. However, a Cost of Living Index was first produced by the Government in July 1914 to protect workers from price rises during the First World War and ran until 1947. An Interim Index of Retail Prices was published from 1947 - 1956. In an attempt to simplify matters, many publications collectively refer to these as the RPI and give the date range 1914 - 2000.
 
零售物价指数的定义—Definition
 
Retail Price Index is " An inflationary indicator that measures the change in the cost of a fixed basket of retail goods"
 
消费者价格指数—Consumer Price Index
 
CPI is "An inflationary indicator that measures the change in the cost of a fixed basket of products and services, including housing, electricity, food, and transportation"
 
The CPI is the most widely used measure of inflation. The report is released at 8:30 am EST around the 15th of each month and reflects the previous month's data. The CPI measures the change in the cost of a bundle of consumer goods and services. The bundle includes about 200 types of goods and thousands of actual products, ranging from foods and energy to expensive consumer goods. The prices are measured by taking a sample of prices at different stores. In addition to the overall CPI number, it is important to also look at the "core rate" The core rate excludes volatile goods like food and energy and gives a closer measure of real inflation. Most reports of the CPI numbers will include both the overall and the core numbers. The CPI is also important because it is used to adjust the annual changes to Social Security Payments. There has been much debate about how well the CPI measures inflation, and some feel that it is an imperfect way to track rising prices. To see the latest report, visit the Bureau of Labor Statistics.(责任编辑:BUG)


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