Science Essay 社会学 管理类作业经济学作业 法律作业 市场学作业 语言学文学 金融作业 会计作业 国际商务管理 MBA Essay fashion&culture 物流管理作业
返回首页

关贸总协定和世贸组织协议的失败

时间:2015-12-09 14:03来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
关贸总协定和世贸组织协议的失败
The Failure Of Gatt And Wto Agreements
 
多年来世界经济的发展已经发生了变化。在世界经济的推动下,交易系统也已经发生了巨大的变化。今天,不同的国家使用不同的货币。货币已经从一个单纯的商品交换媒介演变成了纸币和硬币的形式。现在,我们还有汇率来进行货币的转换。时间的长河中,服务也发生了变化,国际间的贸易日益复杂。现在,物物交换也面临着挑战,因为不一定能够正好遇到这种情况,两者都对对方的商品有所需求。更严峻的问题是一些商品缺乏衡量其价值的标准,一些商品甚至不能被分割为更小的单位进行计算。
布雷顿森林体系是在20世纪40年代初由其成员国建立的,其主要目的是使货币和经济体系更为稳定。基于美元常常被转化为黄金这一事实,美国可以说掌控着全球经济。这导致了世界其他地方的经济被隔绝,因此在经济低迷后这一协定被严重打击。经济低迷导致了20世纪20年代末股票价格严重下滑,又在20世纪40年代中期回升。
 
The world economic set up has been changing over years. The systems of trading have been experiencing radical changes due to the dynamism of the world economy. The todays' currency in the various countries did not just find itself there. The currency has evolved from a mere exchange of commodities for commodities to paper and coinage money and today we have representative fraction being used as a means of exchange. Services have also been exchanged over time and this has complicated trade among nations. The underlying challenge of barter trade has been the fact that sometimes there is lack of double coincidence of wants. More so commodities lack the standard measure of value and even some commodities cannot be divided in to smaller units.
 
The Bretton Wood system was thus formed by the member states in the early 1940s whose main objective to bring a more solid monetary and economic system. The United States had dominated the world economy due to the fact that the dollar would always be exchanged for gold. The led to an economic isolation of the rest of the world and therefore an agreement had to be struck since there was a depression in the economy. The Great Depression led to a serious flop in the stock prices in the late 1920s and was in existence up to the mid-1940s. The world started experiencing a drop in taxes, personal income as well as profits from commodities. These effects lasted until mid-1930s in some countries. (Robbins, 1934).
 
This depression was even experienced in Africa where the demand for agricultural and mineral products fell drastically. France, Canada, Portugal, Netherlands among others were adversely affected by the depression. In Britain unemployment rates rose too high that revenues for the government dropped a great deal and this led to countries need to form agreements which would curb the economic doom that was in place. (Schultz et al, 1999).(责任编辑:cinq)


------分隔符-------------------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts
推荐内容

Europe (24-hours)
EN:13917206902
china (24-hours)
CN:13917206902
在线客服团队
全天候24小时在线客服 QQ:923678151

微信在线客服(24小时)

微信公众订阅号