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英国高等教育论文文献-The UK higher education introduction

时间:2012-02-29 10:32:01 来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

The UK higher education introduction

Britain has more than ninety college and universities, 52, all of these schools are awarded to students at home and abroad of high quality and degree certificate.

All UK universities and part of the college are entitled to make award degrees certificate and diploma, the other colleges can be by its affiliated university or college issue related certificate.

College entrance age generally in 18 years or older, do not set upper age limit, sometimes the school allowed under the age of 18 a top student degree course. You have the qualification is accepted or not the key factors, to meet the requirements of qualification perhaps can make you directly into the read the second year, and sometimes even directly into the read the third year degree course.

Secondary education certificate test senior level courses and secondary education certificate exam complement senior level course grades are still the most British university admission requires the admission. But most university and university campus will now national general professional qualification as general secondary education certificate test with senior level course equivalent qualification gives admit. International recognition preparatory course was also university generally accepted.

Also some situation is special, some students, usually after working want to continue your studies of the staff, as long as they are quite academic level, and related work experience, even if not to be formally qualification, may also be admitted to the university or university campus.

If you have never in Britain accept education, then need to check their has received the degree corresponds to the British education under the level to which the qualification. You may already have a general secondary education senior level the same degree, and perhaps already have good education background and can be read from first year in college courses. To know you have the degree of corresponding degree level in the UK, but to the culture of the country committee inquiry. British university and the university campus will tell you, your record of formal schooling is already admitted conditions; If education is low, it will also be told the corresponding requirements.

English level is also affect your admission to the success of the factors. All colleges and universities are according to the applicant to apply for course, to the applicant's English level put forward certain requirements. Therefore, you may need to be in their home country or arrived in England to participate in English ability after test.

If you have not yet reached the existing education directly to college of undergraduate course requirements, the preparatory course or for basic course is the best university entrance way. Continue education college, university and university of this course are to open, the courses are usually need to six months to a year.

Assiduously study degree

-a condition, the British university in three years of undergraduate course study, you can obtain honor a bachelor's degree. Part of the need of overseas study course (such as language course) the time needed for more than three years. Contains a number of the content of the courses are usually practice need four years to complete.#p#分页标题#e#

The following is the undergraduate degree programmes for example:

A bachelor of engineering bachelor 9:28 u u u bachelor of law bachelor

In addition to assiduously study degree outside, you can also sign up for national higher education certificate course. Such full-time course for two years commonly, professional technology and business involved. This kind of upon completion of the course, can turn read related degree course, continue to learn a year later, he or she can get the corresponding a bachelor's degree.

The UK higher education course includes professional education course (such as medicine, engineering, or law) and academic research course (such as philosophy, literature and history).

Degree divided into the following several levels:

U u level 2 grade a degree degree 9:28 level 2 b degrees 3 degree degree 9:28 u pass

In Britain the most cost-effective degree. With a bachelor's degree, for example, it is only three years; And a master's degree usually for 12 months. These have extremely compact learning schedule so that you can not only in a relatively short period get a degree, and can promise to accept the high request strictly education. So to study in the UK than in many other countries learn to spend less and save time.

How to the degree course

How should you study English degree course? Degree course teaching methods include: classroom instruction by teachers for undergraduate students, class teaching; Group discussion-student group and the instructor is a subject of study content are discussed in details. This not only for students to understand the rare opportunity to provide teachers and students can make teachers for individual counseling; Individual instruction by teachers, to one to two students' work to lead and review.

Course assessment methods reflect different teaching and learning style. The evaluation of the most commonly used include: written examination in YiYiMei year-end exams or graduation front graduation exam; Comprehensive usage comprehensive usage--written work completion, group discussion in performance, and the end of the exam results; Add written examination paper (general requirement is in professional research scope choose topic); The oral exam-according to take part in a group discussion, and individual counseling to assess performance; With the above all comprehensive evaluation method.

British universities

British university and the university of both in common-the delegated degree are entitled to extremely high reputation, and their unique features-school was established in different century, with various expertise.

The university of old for more than five hundred years history, and the latest university has just was established in September 1996. In a major university mostly founded in the end of last century.

A group was founded in the s the university are usually located in the open country area, campus covers a wide range. This batch of school opened the module unit course, issue the relevant degree.#p#分页标题#e#

The latest established a large number of university and university campus was established in 1992. At the time there were 30 have institute of technology was allowed to become a university. These universities of science and technology has founded in the s, mainly for the region to provide education students. They are usually able to provide a variety of professional training courses.

Britain only a private university-buckingham university. The school for the royal charter, and all other British universities have high quality qualification of degree awarded.

Many English college provide remote teaching courses, for those who did not accept continue education in school-age stage of adult higher education of provide accept second chance.

After a bachelor's degree

British graduate course arrangement are dense and compact, so although British graduate school hours and learning material quantity and other countries are basic and same, but its course in the time is much shorter.

Issued by the following four major British graduate certificate:

Education graduate certificate

This is for those who wish to become a British primary and secondary school teachers in the undergraduate course graduate established certificate, not only for professional education of college and set. Such certificate courses usually for a year. Include theory and practice training.

Graduate diploma

This graduate course is usually a nine months of lecture courses, time from October every year to June next year. In this course mainly includes the following objectives: to prepare for further study, or as a master's degree backup select, or for access to a professional qualifications.

Master's degree

Britain has two kinds of different master's degree. A class teaching way of course is mainly master (such as: literary master, master's and engineering), usually 12 months, including class, research and thesis writing/research project design. Another kind is the study master (often known as master of philosophy), takes one to two years to complete, including individual research and of the thesis.

Doctor degree

In Britain, for Ph.D degree need under the guidance of tutor for professional research. Obtain a doctor's degree the shortest need two years, most for seven years, but most people in three or four years to complete.

Scholarships and fellowships

Have a lot of kinds of scholarship is oriented to want to go to study in UK foreign students, one of the most mainly to graduate students. You must be at least a year for the scholarship to the relevant institutions apply for them.

As a graduate student of funded projects mainly provide are:

﹡ British volunteers scholarship-by the British zealot diplomatic and federal affairs department provided. The main issue to those who already had some enterprise foundation personage, aims to assistance for those future decision makers and people think tank.

﹡ commonwealth scholarship and grants program-by the British international development and English culture and federal affairs jointly providing, mainly to the commonwealth twenty-five years old of the following graduate students.#p#分页标题#e#

﹡ British international development scholarship program-by the British international development and participate in the plan of British universities to provide, face a graduate student teaching, but must be the major related to development.

﹡ overseas graduate scholarship program-by the British education and JiuYeBu provide, the selection of candidates to academic achievement and the main research potential for standard.

﹡ royal society-the main scholarship to sponsor outstanding scientists to British postdoctoral research.

Study for a master of business administration

Mba are increasingly popular, popularity in improving constantly. The people in the business development for the degree will mora. Many colleges and universities study in the UK the mba students more than half is foreign students.

You want to pursue a master of business administration, not-will have to get the industry and commerce management bachelor's degree, but many colleges requires applicants must possess solid work experience (usually three to five years. Mba courses are usually on different aspects of the industry and commerce management.

Most employers wish to get the industry and commerce management staff is able to master with a global vision, to be able to use the world common language, business to business and management have really thorough knowledge.

Britain has opened more than one hundred colleges and universities mba professional, most of them for full-time one-year course, this means that in an mba degree in Britain than in many other countries fast. But in some colleges and universities, the need of time longer. In addition, students can also through the distance teaching course or workplace learning made this degree, but it takes a long time to complete.

Britain has a variety of mba form and scale. Some colleges and universities on the company training management for the master's degree. Some colleges and universities is about to open a hand mba courses, such as focusing on accounting, or environmental management, or international finance. However these universities and colleges in common is that they allow you to have more opportunities to get generous treatment of the work.

British industry and commerce management master major vigorous development began in the eighty s, and in that decade, graduated from British mba number is the sum total of the rest of Europe. Many businesspeople think and other European countries, Britain's mba pay more attention to practical, not lay particular stress on pure theory.

Main advantage

British private school every year to be admitted to a university students proportion of extremely high.

International recognition preparatory courses can help students to higher education or continue education college for further study.

All British colleges and universities are formulated strict policies and procedures to ensure the delegated course and the certificate of high quality, strict standards.#p#分页标题#e#

Most of the UK institutions are foreign students with language help, or provide and what they learn the combination of course language courses, or provide language training course before class.

To study in the UK is very good. Just a year to get a master's degree, and in other countries, takes two years.

British industry and commerce management master's degree in international excellent reputation, and to become a famous international qualifications. Mba association says more than half of the members in the working abroad.

British mba employment in good condition. A recent graduate management association members of industry and commerce (they through the full-time, on-the-job or remote teaching an mba degree) survey indicates that the average annual salary they stronger-than-expected 27 ﹪. Those who study the man with a two-year course full-time best, many of them more than pounds a year, of which half of the human director or senior manager.

Higher education quality assessment system

England, Scotland and wales higher education appropriations committee of this area universities study the quality level is to evaluate, evaluate the results into a category to (fifth highest), and determine what research field in has reached international recognition of excellent standard, which has reached the national recognized standard for approval. Higher education quality security bureau is responsible for assessment of each subject teaching quality.

The inspection quality including:

﹡ course design, the content and the organization

﹡ teaching, learning and assessment system

﹡ students to make progress and results

﹡ to student's help and guidance

﹡ learning material

﹡ quality assurance and strengthen the system

You can ask the local British council offices and study in the UK consultation center to inquire about the colleges and universities in all aspects of the above performance. If you want to go to Britain to do research, you would be relevant departments of higher education research project, appropriations committee assessment results and the research publications and other matters for advice.

The calendar

Generally speaking, the English the school year is divided into three semesters, during Christmas and Easter two big holiday, has a long summer vacation, from late July to early September. Each semester long ten thoughtful around 10-usually middle and primary school education college continuity and a long semester, and the university of short term. In the autumn, usually in more than half semester has ten days or so holiday.

Apply for school year begins in university entrance is always the most easy success, however, primary schools and continue education college to the application for admission is more flexible when.

Some private high school is also known as the "public school", but in fact is a misfit. They actually are not public schools, students should pay cost to go to school. Their names from many centuries ago when the school had been used today.#p#分页标题#e#

 


Go abroad youdao: to study in UK higher education first know English

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http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/09/23 15:09 studied abroad


Let us look to the other side of the world, you will find, is also has a long history, culture deep Britain, the education is to inherit and carry forward the traditional and Sally Jenkins, keep vigor 4 shoot, world education field in the rest more, be behind the United States, for overseas students to study in the holy land, for each year more than 800000 international students in the UK for course! Let us put aside the historical reason and limitations, and to explore the British education to overseas students have extraordinary appeal reason, perhaps can get some enlightenment.

 

1. The school whether public or private, the government alike, fair competition

The British school system of double track, public schools and private schools coexistence, are affected by the national encouragement and support. There were two British  400 private school, about every 13 school-age children in a private school to 1. Private schools in legislation and related policy without discrimination, no different treatments. The entire education system from the set on look, both equal status, complement each other, equal competition, to promote each other and develop together.

2. Diploma system establishment perfect, meet all kinds of education demand

In Britain, the degree of the system set very scientific and perfect, the students in each education stage all have many choices. The establishment of course close to practice, according to people of different education demand from certificate to set up a series of different levels of degree diploma course, people can be in accordance with the employment needs to be ready to education, it is to reduce the interest and that part by professional education is not in conformity with the Numbers, to broaden the university graduation student's employment road, and not all crowded in the professional looking for work this only on the way.

Britain's campus "no walls", open to the society. University graduation to once and for all people can always learn, charging, job training, or that vocational training. Be worth what carry is, Britain's various diploma and education system can be mutual recognition between, the conversion. Most professional can according to different levels for learning, among them, some of the course for students to pursue a can university degree found. For example, vocational training and higher education can switch. The students to complete the prescribed courses as long as, completed a credit, can achieve diploma "upgrade".

3. The science the heuristic teaching

British study method of history can be traced back to 800 years ago almost, it promotes the world education system establishment, is still is the most successful model. British education is unique in the world, the minibook, cultivate the innumerable outstanding talents, such a very worth our using for reference of the reason for this is that, and we induce cramming method is different, UK students from kindergarten to accept heuristic education, to inspire them to think, not a simple teacher there from the process of one-way accept. This teaching method is scientific and reasonable, can make everyone's potential is developed, enhances strong points and avoid weaknesses, become different function areas of talents, the maximum to avoid the waste of talent, bring benefit to society.#p#分页标题#e#

4. Bestow the examination method

UK institutions assessment is very flexible, can take practice, writing articles and interview, etc all kinds of form. The results of the such, one's ability is necessarily comprehensive assessment and rich. In addition, and our 100 points "play different, British test points ABCD four class. For example, from 70-100 points is A, 60-69 is B. In admit of time, the teacher want according to this professional comprehensive investigation and comparison of the student ability, in the entrance examinations have the right to choose. For example, A professional standards are two admitted A 1 B, if you are 100 A, but, if the teacher from other Angle consideration, think that you are A dead students reading words, it is possible to admit 70 points A of the others, and not to you. British teacher have the power. Because the British examination system and we completely different, not focused on three days the examination, but the students at ordinary times the homework, experiment and test three combining peacetime score all accumulated, again make evaluation. So, more can reflect the students' practical ability.

5. Curriculum novel and practical, with the time development synchronization

Another British education remain youthful vitality of the reason is that the British have not only focus on the academic research "brains" type university, and at the same time, there are special for cultivating the "begin" type talents of the university, the two institutions supplement each other, students can according to their interests, abilities, and aspirations, in the university before the decision should apply for which kinds of university. In addition, British open courses and professional unitary resource novel and practical, closely connected with the social needs, so that the students can cultivate out smooth employment, not social cause stress. In addition, British education emphasizes make, because education can't meet the obligations of a person's life all knowledge, we need to constantly charging to just go. Now, Britain every year about 40% of high school graduates to the public or private continue education college.

6. Education industrialization operation clear

British education clear way to industrialization operation. The British government has been the education as a national industries, encourage development. For example, the queen of England each year to issue a queen award, reward those recruiting foreign students most, the most successful university education, or in the most successful overseas education institutions.

7. The certificate and professional certificate combined

British students' exam diploma and he will want to be engaged in occupational certificates combine examination, so that students can obtain professional qualification authentication in already when save money and effort. For example, Britain's a certified public accountant (ABCA), a British the undergraduate course graduate if want to get this from the title of words, can an exemption ABCA all 14 of the class 6-8 course. For other professional also is such. This means that you in the university learn at the same time, for the future of the professional diploma admitted to lay the foundation.#p#分页标题#e#

8. University admission flexible

The enrollment of British colleges and universities is very flexible, not only look at student test scores, with students can in other ways of outstanding ability as standard, not as we only know test scores, "one point card dead" (the extremely individual sports film and TV stars, recruit students except). British university to the adult, 21 years old and graduated from high school students admission standards are not the same. For adults, the school can not only relaxed entrance conditions, but also can put his work experience as admit reference standard. For example, if the student experience to the satisfaction of words, even if his diploma can not reach the admission standards, can also be accepted. Also, for overseas students, since most of the British school to recognize the United Kingdom entrance examination is not applicable to education system from different countries foreign students, they admitted to the more flexible.

9. Education quality others have the final say

Britain set up a scientific education quality guarantee system, and provide the student from the service and help, to the teachers quality, British every registered school have to accept the supervision and inspection of the strict government. According to the uniform standards for each course evaluation, results were released, so that the students can clearly understand the same professional all open of the school's teaching quality. Britain's various institutions to accept higher education funding and higher education quality committee committee of the strict supervision. Among them, the higher education funding council for the professional teaching quality to be identified, published report, points out that the advantages and disadvantages of; Higher education quality committee on how to ensure that the school teaching and the quality of certificate, examine the results of the review also published to the society. The two agencies since the 1997 merger of the higher education quality security bureau was established, more efficient.

The British school's quality of teaching is the external examiner for the authentication of the school, the school is not responsible. Even the students' test scores are not separate from school teacher to judgment and pass external examiner authentication. If the examiner think the teacher's score is not reasonable can adjust. After such a management and the authentication system of operation, British each university diploma awarded have been internationally recognized, and, between the university diploma can by each other.

10. Periodically urge, has the crisis consciousness

The British government regularly through the relevant professional committee of the institutions of higher learning teaching quality and research level evaluation, and the school in general and specialized aspect ranking public. Its purpose is to convenient students understand British university, and in this way urged schools self improvement.

#p#分页标题#e#

11. Personnel training and employment services

UK institutions in the recruit students, develop, and recommend students employment take a dragon service. They not only the teaching education as own duty, do have learned something, still trying to make students skills to use, on employment to provide better services. First, set up the course in the time closely http://www.ukthesis.org/dissertation_writing/Education/2012/0229/1070.html combining enterprise, industries and the social from all walks of life needs, make the students training direction and training content, so that makes it easier for students to graduate from the social find suits own position.

It is because of the above many scientific reasonable measures, Britain's education was able to youth and vitality.
英国高等教育简介
英国有九十多所大学及五十二所大学分校,所有这些学校均可以向海内外学生颁发高质量的学位和证书。
英国所有大学及部分高等学院均有权自行颁发学位证书及毕业证书,其他的学院则可以由其所属大学或学院颁发有关证书。
高等院校入学年龄一般在十八岁以上,不设年龄上限,有时校方允许十八岁以下的优等生攻读本科学位课程。你已有的学历资格是录取与否的关键因素,符合要求的学历资格或许能使你直接入读第二年,有时甚至直接入读第三年的本科学位课程。
普通中等教育证书考试高级水平课程以及普通中等教育证书考试补充高级水平课程的成绩目前仍然是大多数英国大学录取时要求的入学资格。但是大多数大学和大学分校现在也将国家通用职业资格视为与普通中等教育证书考试高级水平课程等同的资格予以承认。国际认可预科课程也被大学普遍接受。
也有的情况较特殊,某些学生,通常是参加工作后想继续学业的人员,只要他们具有相当的学业水平,以及相关的工作经历,即使未曾获得正式的学历资格,也可能被大学或大学分校录取。
如果你未曾在英国接受教育,那么便需要核查自己已取得的学历相当于英国教育下学历资格的哪一级。你或许已具备普通中等教育高级水平同等的学历,也或许已具备较高学历而可免读大学第一年的课程。欲知你已有学历在英国的对应学历等级,可向所在国的文化委员会查询。英国大学及大学分校会告诉你,你的学历是否已符合录取条件;如果学历偏低,则还会被告知相应要求。
英语水平的高低也是影响你入学申请成功与否的因素。所有院校均要根据申请人所申请的课程,对申请人的英语水平提出一定的要求。因此,你可能需要在本国或抵达英国后参加英语能力测试。
如果你已有的学历尚未达到直接升入大学本科的要求,则修读预科课程或基础课程是最佳的大学入学途径。延续教育学院、大学和大学分校均开设这类课程,课程通常需要六个月到一年时间。#p#分页标题#e#
攻读学位
—般情况下,通过在英国大学三年的本科课程学习,你可获得荣誉学士学位。部分需要在海外学习的课程(例如语言课程)所需时间超过三年。包含大量实习内容的课程通常需要四年才能完成。
以下是本科学位课程举例:
★文学学士 ★工程学学士 ★法律学学士 ★理学学士
除攻读学位外,你也可以报读国家高等教育证书课程。此类全日制课程一般为期两年,专业涉及科技与商务。这类课程完成后,可以转读相关的学位课程,继续学习一年后,便可取得相应学士学位。
英国高等教育课程包括职业教育课程(如医学、工程学或法学)与学术研究课程(如哲学、文学或史学)。
学位分为以下几个等级:
★一级学位 ★二级甲等学位 ★二级乙等学位 ★三级学位 ★及格
在英国攻读学位最为划算。以学士学位为例,通常只需三年;而硕士学位通常为十二个月。这些安排得极为紧凑的学习时间表使你能够既在较短时间内获得学位,又能保证接受高要求的严格教育。所以在英国学习比在许多其它国家学习花费要少,也节省了时间。
如何攻读学位课程
你应该如何攻读英国的学位课程?学位课程的教学方法包括:课堂授课——由教师为本科生大班授课;分组讨论——学生分组与授课老师就某一科目的学习内容进行详细讨论。这不仅为学生了解教师提供了难得的机会,而且使导师能够为学生作个别辅导;个别辅导——由导师对一至两名学生的功课进行引导和复习。
课程考核方法反映出不同的教学及学习方式。最常用的考核方法包括:笔试一一每年的年终考试或毕业前的毕业考试;综合考查——综合考查书面作业完成情况、小组讨论时的表现,以及年末考试成绩;笔试加论文(一般要求是在专业研究范围内选择论题);口试——根据参加小组讨论,以及个别辅导时的表现进行评定;采用上述所有方法进行综合考核。
英国的高等院校
英国大学及大学分校既有共同点——所授学位均享有极高声誉,又各具特色——学校成立于不同的世纪,各具专长。
老牌大学的校史长达五百多年,而最新的大学才刚刚成立于1996年9月。位于大城市的大学大都创建于上个世纪末。
一批成立于本世纪六十年代的大学通常位于开阔的乡间地带,校园占地甚广。这批学校率先开设了模块单元课程,颁发相关的学位。
最新成立的一大批大学和大学分校成立于1992年。当时共有三十所理工学院获准升格成为大学。这些理工院校先后创立于六十年代,主要为本地区学生提供教育。它们通常能够提供多种职业培训课程。#p#分页标题#e#
英国只有一所私立大学——白金汉大学。该校获得皇家特许状,与其他所有英国高等学府一样拥有颁发高质量学位的资格。
英国许多高等学院提供远程教学课程,为那些未在适龄阶段接受延续教育的成年人提供接受高等教育的第二次机会。
获得学士学位之后
英国的研究生课程安排相当密集和紧凑,因此尽管英国研究生学习的课时和学习资料数量与其他国家相比基本一样,但它的课程修读时间却要短得多。
英国颁发以下四种主要的研究生证书:
教育学研究生证书
这是为那些希望成为英国中小学教师的本科毕业生设立的证书,并非只是为教育专业毕业的大学生而设。此类证书课程通常为期一年。包括理论和实践培训。
研究生文凭
此类研究生课程通常是为期九个月的授课课程,时间从每年十月到次年六月。修读此类课程主要有以下几个目的:为继续深造做准备,或作为硕士学位的后备选择,或为获取某个专业资格。
硕士学位
英国有两类不同的硕士学位。一类是以授课方式为主的课程硕士(如:文学硕士、工程硕士等),通常要十二个月,包括上课、研究和论文撰写/研究项目设计。另一类是研究硕士(通常称为哲学硕士),需要一至两年时间完成,包括个人研究和论文答辩。
博士学位
在英国,攻读博士学位需要在导师的指导下进行专业研究。获得博士学位最短需要两年,最多长达七年,但大多数人在三年或四年完成。
奖学金和助学金
有很多种类的奖学金是面向想去英国留学的外国留学生的,其中的大多数主要面向研究生。你须至少提前一年向颁发奖学金的有关机构提出申请。
为研究生提供的主要资助项目有:
﹡英国志奋领奖学金——由英国外交与联邦事务部提供。主要颁发给那些已有一定事业基础的人士,旨在资助那些未来的决策者和智囊人士。
﹡英联邦奖学金与助学金计划——由英国国际发展部和英国文化与联邦事务部共同提供,主要面向英联邦二十五岁以下的研究生。
﹡英国国际发展部奖学金计划——由英国国际发展部与参加该计划的英国大学共同提供,面向攻读授课研究生的学生,但所学专业须与发展有关。
﹡海外研究生奖学金项目——由英国教育与就业部提供,对候选人的选拔主要以学术成绩和研究潜力为标准。
﹡皇家学会奖学金——主要用以资助优秀科学家到英国从事博士后研究。
攻读工商管理硕士
工商管理硕士目前正日益受到欢迎,声望也不断在提高。在商界发展的人士获得这一学位必将如虎添翼。在英国的许多院校攻读工商管理硕士的学生过半数是外国留学生。#p#分页标题#e#
你要攻读工商管理硕士,并不—定要先取得工商管理的学士学位,但许多院校要求申请人必须具备扎实的工作经验(通常为三到五年)。工商管理硕士课程设置通常分别侧重工商管理的不同方面。
多数雇主希望获得工商管理硕士的人员能够具有全球眼光、能够使用世界通用的商务语言、对商务和管理有真正透彻的认识。
英国有一百多所院校开设工商管理硕士专业,其中多数为全日制一年制课程,这意味着在英国取得工商管理硕士学位要比在其他许多国家快。但是在有的院校,需要的时间长些。另外,学生还可以通过远程教学课程或在职学习取得此学位,但需要较长的时间才能完成。
英国的工商管理硕士具有多种形式和规模。有的院校集中为公司培养工商管理硕士。有的院校则侧重某一方面开设工商管理硕士课程,例如可侧重会计,或环境管理,或国际金融等。然而这些院校的共同之处便是它们使你有更多机会获得待遇优厚的工作。
英国工商管理硕士专业蓬勃发展始于本世纪八十年代,就在那十年中,从英国毕业的工商管理硕士人数是欧洲其他地方的总和。许多实业家认为与其他欧洲国家相比,英国的工商管理硕士课程更注重实际,不偏重纯理论的研究。
主要优点
英国私立学校每年能被大学录取的学生的比例极高。
国际认可预科课程可帮助学生升入高等教育或延续教育院校深造。
所有英国院校均制定了严格的政策和程序,旨在确保所授课程及证书的高质量、严标准。
大部分英国院校均为外国学生提供语言帮助,或提供和他们所学课程相结合的语言课程,或是提供课前语言培训课程。
在英国学习极为划算。只需一年即可获得硕士学位,而在其他国家,需要两年时间。
英国工商管理硕士学位在国际上的声誉鹊起,并且逐渐成为国际知名的学历。工商管理硕士协会称半数以上的成员在国外工作。
英国工商管理硕士的就业状况良好。最近一项对工商管理硕士协会成员(他们通过全日制、在职或远程教学取得工商管理硕士学位)的调查表明,他们的年薪平均增幅达27﹪。那些学习全日制两年制课程的人情况最好,他们中的许多人年薪逾十万英镑,其中半数的人为董事或高级经理。
高等教育质量考核制度
英格兰、苏格兰及威尔士的高等教育拨款委员会对本地区的高等院校进行系级研究质量考核评估,评估结果分为一到五级(五级为最高),并确定在哪些研究领域已达到国际认可的优秀标准,哪些则已达到国家认可的标淮。高等教育质量保障局则负责考核各个学科的教学质量。
考核质量包括:
﹡课程设计、内容和组织#p#分页标题#e#
﹡授课、学习和考核制度
﹡学生取得的进步和成果
﹡对学生的帮助和指导
﹡学习资料
﹡质量保证和加强制度
你可以向本地的英国文化委员会办事处及留学英国咨询中心查询有关院校在以上各方面的表现。若你想前往英国做研究,你可就有关院系的研究项目、高等教育拨款委员会考核成绩及研究成果出版等事宜进行咨询。
学年安排
大体说来,英国一学年分为三个学期,期间有圣诞节和复活节两大假期,暑假颇长,从七月下旬到九月上旬。每个学期长十周到十四周——通常中小学和延续教育学院的学期较长,而大学的学期较短。在秋季,通常在学期过半时有十天左右的假期。
申请在大学学年开始时入学总是最易成功的,然而中小学和延续教育学院对申请何时入学则较为灵活。
有的私立中学也称为“公立学校”,但其实是名不副实。它们实际上根本不是公立学校,学生需缴费上学。它们的校名从多个世纪以前建校时起一直沿用至今。

 

出国有道:到英国留学先认识英国高等教育
________________________________________
http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/09/23 15:09 海外求学

  让我们把目光投向地球的另一端,就会发现,同样是历史悠久、文化底蕴深厚的英国,其教育却能够在继承和发扬传统的同时不固步自封,保持活力四射,在世界教育领域独领风骚,成为仅次于美国、为海外学生所向往的留学圣地——每年有超过80万名留学生在英国攻读课程!让我们抛开历史的原因和局限,探求一下英国教育对海外学生具有超乎寻常的吸引力的原因,或许能够从中得到一些启迪。

  1.学校无论公私,政府一视同仁,公平竞争
  英国学校体系实行双轨制,公立学校和私立学校共存,都受国家的鼓励和支持。英国共有2400所私立学校,大约每13个学龄儿童中就有1个进入私立学校学习。私立学校在立法和相关政策上不受歧视,没有差别对待。从整个教育体系的设定上看,两者地位平等,相互补充,平等竞争,相互促进,共同发展。
  2.文凭体系设置完善,满足各种教育需求
  在英国,文凭体系的设置非常科学和完善,学生在每个教育阶段均有多种选择。课程的设立紧密联系实际,根据人们对不同的教育需求设置了从证书到学位的一系列不同层次的文凭课程,人们可以按照就业的需要随时接受教育,这就减少了那部分兴趣爱好与所受专业教育不符合的人数,拓宽了高校毕业学生的就业之路,而不是都拥挤在按专业找工作这条唯一的途径上。
  英国的校园“没有围墙”,向社会敞开。大学毕业也不等于一劳永逸,人们可以随时就学、充电,进行就业培训,或者叫职业培训。值得一提的是,英国的各种文凭和教育体系之间可以相互认可、转换。多数专业可以按不同层次进行学习,其中,有些课程可以为学生继续攻读大学学位打基础。比如,职业培训和高等教育就可以相互转换。学生只要继续完成规定的课程,修满相当的学分,就可以实现文凭“升级”。#p#分页标题#e#
  3.采用科学的启发式教学
  英式学习方法的历史几乎可以追溯到800年前,它促进了世界各国教育制度的建立,至今依然是最为成功的典范。英国教育之所以在世界独树一帜,历久不衰,培养出了无数杰出人才,其中一个非常值得我们借鉴的原因就是,和我们的填鸭式教学方法不同,英国的学生从幼儿开始就接受启发式教育,启发他们主动思考,而不是一个简单的从老师那里单向接受的过程。这种教学方法科学、合理,可以使每个人的潜质得到开发,扬长避短,成为不同功用领域的人才,在最大程度上避免了人才浪费,为社会造福。
  4.不拘一格的考试方法
  英国院校的考核非常灵活,可以采取实习、写文章和面试等各种形式进行。这样取得的结果,对一个人能力的考核必然是全面和丰富的。另外,和我们的100分打分制不同,英国考试分ABCD四个档次。例如,从70-100分是A,60-69是B。在录取的时候,老师要根据本专业综合考察和比较学生的能力,在录取的时候有权选择。比方说,某专业录取的标准是2个A 1个B,如果你是100分的A,但是,如果老师从其他角度考虑,认为你是一个死读书的学生的话,就有可能录取别人70分的A,而不一定要你。英国的老师就有这个权力。因为英国的考试体系和我们完全不同,不是集中在3天考完,而是把学生平时的作业、实验和考试三者相结合,把平时的分数全部积累起来,再作出评定。所以,更能够体现学生的实际能力。
  5.课程设置新颖实用,与时代发展同步
  另一个使英国教育保持青春活力的原因是,英国不仅有重点从事学术研究的“动脑型”大学,同时,还有专门为社会培养“动手型”人才的大学,这两种院校相辅相成,学生可以根据自己的兴趣、能力和志向,在入大学校门之前就决定应该申请哪个种类的大学。另外,英国院校所开设的课程和专业新颖实用,紧密联系社会需要,这样,培养出来的学生可以顺利就业,不会给社会造成压力。另外,英国的教育强调终身制,因为义务教育无法满足人一生中的全部知识,需要不断充电才行。现在,英国每年有大约40%的中学毕业生进入公立或私立继续教育学院学习。
  6.教育产业化运作明确
  英国的教育明确以产业化方式运作。英国政府一直把教育当成国家的一个产业,鼓励发展。比如,英国女王每年都要颁发一次女王奖,奖励那些招收海外学生最多、教育最成功的大学,或者在海外办学最成功的院校。
  7.文凭考试与职业证书考试相结合
  英国把学生的文凭考试和他将来所要从事的职业证书考试相结合,可以使学生在获得职业资格认证的时候既省钱又省力。比如,英国的注册会计师(ABCA),一个英国的本科毕业生如果想要获得这个从业职称的话,就可以免试ABCA全部14门课中的6-8门课程。对于其他专业也是如此。这就是说,你在大学学习的同时,就为将来职业文凭的考取打下了基础。#p#分页标题#e#
  8.大学录取灵活
  英国院校的招生非常灵活,不仅仅看学生的考试分数,还可以以学生在其他方面突出的能力作为标准,不像我们只认考试成绩,“1分卡死人”(极个别的体育影视明星等特招生除外)。英国大学对成年、21岁以上的人和高中毕业学生的录取标准是不一样的。对成年人,学校不仅可以放宽入学条件,还可以把他的工作经验作为录取的参考标准。比如,如果该生的相关工作经验令校方满意的话,即使他的文凭达不到录取标准,也可以被录取。同样,对于海外学生,由于大多数的英国学校认识到英国的统一入学考试并不适用于来自不同教育体制国家的外国学生,对他们的录取更加灵活。
  9.教育质量别人说了算
  英国设立有一个科学的教育质量保障体系,从提供给学生的服务与帮助,到教师队伍素质,英国的每一所注册的学校都要接受政府严格的监督检查。按照统一标准对每门课程评估,结果公布,使学生可以清楚了解开设相同专业的所有学校的教学质量情况。英国的各个院校要接受高等教育拨款委员会和高等教育质量委员会的严格监督。其中,高等教育拨款委员会对专业的教学质量予以鉴定,发表报告,指出长处和不足;高等教育质量委员会就学校如何保证授课和证书质量进行审查,审查结果亦向社会公开发表。这两家机构自1997年合并成立了高等教育质量保障局,效率更高了。
  英国学校的教学质量是由学校外部考官进行认证的,不是学校自己说了算。甚至连学生的考分也不是单独由学校的老师来评判的,还要经过外部考官的认证。如果考官认为老师的评分不合理就可以进行调整。经过这样一个管理和认证体系的运作,英国每一所大学颁发的文凭都得到了国际公认,而且,大学之间的文凭可以互相认可。
  10.定期督促,具有危机意识
  英国政府定期通过相关的专业委员会,对高等院校的教学质量和科研水平进行评估,并把学校在总体和专业方面的排名公布于众。其目的在于方便学生了解英国的大学,并且通过这种方式督促学校自我完善和改进。
  11.人才培养和就业一条龙服务
  英国院校在招生、培养和推荐学生就业方面采取一条龙服务。他们不只是把教学育人作为己任,做到学有所成,还努力让学生学有所用,在就业方面提供完善的服务。首先,在设置课程的时候密切结合企业、产业和社会各界的需要,确定学生的培养方向和培养内容,这样毕业出来的学生很容易在社会找到适合自己的位置。
  正是由于实行了以上诸多科学合理的措施,英国的教育才得以青春永驻,充满活力。

 #p#分页标题#e#

(责任编辑:英国论文网)


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