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公立学校过去和现在的教育论文

时间:2015-07-10 10:24来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
公立学校过去和现在的教育论文
 
美国公立学校的种族隔离是于一九五四年五月十七日由布朗案裁决托皮卡教育的最高法院裁决规定的。九年之后,种族隔离的紧张关系达到了一个临界点。早在一九六三年,阿拉巴马州州长华勒斯就开始了他的统治,申明“现在的隔离,明天的隔离和种族隔离”。(埃利奥特2003)之后那一年,华勒斯站在阿拉巴马大学的大门前,试图在行为上防止非裔美国学生的报名,民权领袖高举华勒斯的失败,并将之作为学校废止种族隔离和证明运动是进步的胜利象征。
 
华勒斯的失败并没有尝试发动运动,这也是大多数民权领袖所希望的,但是,在一九七八年,儿童保护基金的玛丽安莱特爱德曼(1975)写道:
 
学校废除种族隔离的现状是复杂的,在布朗诉讼教育委员会托皮卡的二十一年后,学校的种族隔离是在一片反对声中交火的,有一些人一直持反对意见。
 
Public Schools then And Now Education Essay
 
Desegregation of the nation's public schools was mandated by the Supreme Court on May 17, 1954 with the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ruling. Nine years later, racial tensions related to segregation reached a critical point. Early in 1963, the Alabama Governor George Wallace kicked off his reign by stating "segregation now, segregation tomorrow and segregation forever" (Elliot, 2003). Later that year, Wallace would stand in the doors of the University of Alabama in an attempt to physically prevent African-American students form enrolling. Civil rights leaders championed Wallace's failures as a victory for school desegregation and proof that the movement was progressing.
 
Wallace's failed attempts did not kick start the movement as most civil rights leaders had hoped, however. In 1975, Marian Wright Edelman (1975) of the Children's Defense Fund in Washington, DC, wrote:
 
The current status of school desegregation is complex. Twenty-one years after Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, school desegregation is caught in a crossfire of opposition. There are those who have always opposed it; those who say they are for it but eschew the means to achieve it; those who feel the costs of achieving it are not worthwhile because the early experiences have not produced instant brotherhood or IQ gains; and those who, after twenty years of resistance, struggle, and mixed progress, pronounce it irrelevant and a failure because three hundred years of slavery and segregation have not died by decree.
 
Edelman went on to conclude that if school desegregation continued to progress t the same pace as housing desegregation in the 1960's, then America would see schools desegregated in about twenty-five decades.(责任编辑:BUG)


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