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社会经济地位低下的个人职业发展研究

时间:2015-07-11 11:11来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
社会经济地位低下的个人职业发展研究
 
随着社会变得越来越复杂,对于高教育和专业化的劳动力的需求也逐渐上升了。今天的技术进步的速度,使我们能够更进一步地用计算机和机器来代替非技术工人的劳动,这也使得没有经验的劳动力处于一个位置,他们必须同不断减少的就业人数相竞争,只因为他们没有资格同更具资格和更佳的劳动力相竞争。在本文中,我主要集中于非熟练劳动力的社会经济地位较低的人主要包括(SES),和如何成为一个社会经济地位低的个体以及影响一个人的职业生涯发展。我会专攻于研究学术成果,因为它是了解熟练劳动力的主要途径,对后来的职业和收入产生影响。

在教育环境中取得成功的学术技能已成为成功事业发展和向上社会流动的必要条件。完成高中,尤其,看似是重要的。
 
Career Development In Individuals Of Low Socioeconomic Status Education Essay
 
As society becomes ever more complex, the demand arises for a more educated and specialized workforce. The sophistication of today's technology and the speed with which it progresses enable us, to a much further extent, to replace the labors of unskilled workers with computers and machines. This has left the unskilled workforce in a situation where they have to compete for an ever decreasing number of jobs as they are not eligible to compete for more qualified and better paying labor. I will in this paper focus on the unskilled work force which is mainly comprised by individuals of a lower socioeconomic status (SES) and how being an individual of a lower SES influence one's career development. I will specifically look on academic achievement, as it is the main route to more skilled labor, and its impact on later career and income.
 
Acquiring the academic skills to be doing well in the educational setting has almost become a requisite for successful career development and upward social mobility. Completion of high school, in particular, seems to be important, partly to enable continued education on college level but also to protect against falling victim to the detrimental effects of substance abuse, unemployment, low income, welfare dependency, delinquency and crime (Hathaway et al., 1969, pp. 372-373, 2nd hand citation: Bohart & Stipek, 2001, pp. 291). Also, in a study that set out to investigating the relationship between achieved academic level and income, the researchers found that there was a strong correlation with the higher the academic level one acquires the more financial reward the individual will benefit in form of income (Cesti & Williams, 1997, pp. 1057). This study highlights the fact that education is of the up most importance for an individual's later career and income.
 
In theory individuals of low SES has equal opportunity to successfully finish their academic endeavors. However, Stipek (Bohart & Stipek, 2001, pp. 293,296-297) argues that not only do low SES children start out at a disadvantage, having cognitive skills inferior to their higher SES peers, but that this difference exacerbates all throughout their academic career. To explain how this exacerbated difference comes about she argues that children of low SES are less prepared for academics, in regards to cognitive ability, and that this lack of preparedness starts a chain reaction of events that ultimately serves as additional hurdles for the low SES children in their effort to catch up with their higher SES counterparts. Stipek identifies four aspects in the chain of events as specifically important; 1) Consequences of growing up in a low SES environment, 2) Stereotypical educational practices by teachers, 3) Lack of resources in low SES schools, 4) Conduct and motivation of low SES children.(责任编辑:BUG)


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