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MBA dissertation:中小企业的特点和市场竞争力

时间:2015-06-26 10:32来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

中小企业是公司的员工或营业额低于一定限制的企业,对中小企业缺乏一个普遍的定义,通常被认为对商业研究和市场调查是一个障碍。在今天使用中小企业的定义主要侧重于就业方面,特别是营业额和资产。随着中小企业门槛规定的变化,在某种程度上提供政府支持,为国家制造业和劳动密集型产业提供优先的政治倾向。

 

What are SMEs?
 

Small and medium enterprises (also SMEs, small and medium businesses, SMBs, and variations thereof) are companies whose headcount or turnover falls below certain limits.
 

The lack of a universal definition for SMEs is often considered to be an obstacle for business studies and market research. Definitions in use today define thresholds in terms of employment, turnover and assets. They also incorporate a reasonable amount of flexibility around year-to-year changes in these measures so that a business qualifying as an SME in one year can have a reasonable expectation of remaining an SME in the next. The thresholds themselves, however, vary substantially between countries. As the SME thresholds dictate to some extent the provision of government support, countries in which manufacturing and labor-intensive industries are prioritized politically tend to opt for more relaxed thresholds.
 

Defination of SMEs in Indian context
 

The MSMED Act 2006, which came into force w.e.f. 02/10/2006, defines the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises. As per the Act, the activities are classifiedinto Manufacturing and Service Category. Initially, the MSMED Act 2006 had not defined the ‘Services Sector' and RBI's guidelines were awaited. However, subsequently RBI have defined the services sector and the activities that can be covered under the SME sector.
 

The following chart indicates the threshold investment levels for both Manufacturing sector (INVESTMENT IN PLANT & MACHINERY) and Services sector (INVESTMENT IN EQUIPMENT) for the above three categories of Manufacturing and Services Enterprises :
 

EnterpriseEngaged in Manufacturing / Preservation of Goods(incl. Processing Units)Engaged In Providing/ Rendering of ServicesRemarks
 

Micro EnterpriseNot to Exceed Rs. 25 Lakhs.Not to Exceed Rs. 10 Lakhs.1.Separate threshold investment limits proposed by the Act for Manufacturing and Services Sectors. 2. Micro Enterprises newly introduced under both the sectors.
 

Small EnterpriseMore than Rs.25 lakhs but does not exceed Rs. 5 Crores.More than Rs.10 lakhs but does not exceed Rs. 2 Crores.
 

Medium EnterpriseMore than Rs.5 Crore Rupees but does not exceed Rs. 10 Crore.More than Rs. 2 Crore Rupees but does not exceed Rs. 5 Crore
 

While calculating the investment in plant and machinery/equipment referred to above, the original price thereof shall be taken into account,irrespective of whether the plant and machinery/equipment are new or second hand.(责任编辑:BUG)



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