教育学论文 金融学论文 国际商务管理论文 市场营销论文 会计学论文 社会学论文 旅游管理论文 计算机论文 人力资源管理论文 广告媒体学 物流学论文 Engineering Thesis sociology ThesisMBA论文 linguistic Thesis Journalism and Mass Communicat Law Thesis Economics Thesis
返回首页

管理决策制定的过程

时间:2015-07-01 17:24来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
还记得信息技术工具对于知识工作者来说是使用决策支持系统(或缩写为DSS)作为基本设计系统。同时,从另一个角度看,决策是基本管理操作,能有条不紊的管理一个企业。在多领域广泛的使用体现决策的重要性。基本上来说,决策是一种可访问的选择事物。人们普遍认为做出选择意味着做出了决策,但事实上只是其中的一部分。BusinessDictionary.com(n.d)定义了决策是从可用选项选出合理选择的一个思维过程。就我们而言,有两个类别的管理决策:编程和非编程。程序化决策处理经常发生的情况,在未来开发和使用中能够寻求合适的解决方案。
 
Do you ever know that information technology tools for knowledge workers use the decision support system or abbreviated as DSS to base their design system. Meanwhile, decision making from another point of view makes fundamental in management to operate an organization without turbulence. The broad usage manifests the importance of decision making at any field. Basically, decision is a choice made from addressable alternatives. People in common think that make a choice means all for decision making, but in fact it is only a part of it. BusinessDictionary.com (n.d.) defines the decision making is the thought process of selecting logical choice from the available options. As far as we are concerned, there are two categories of management decisions: programmed and non programmed. Programmed decisions deal with situation that occurs frequently and able to seek the suitable solutions to be developed and used in the future. In contrast, non programmed decisions face to a new, unique, hardly to be defined and complicated situation in which the decisions are contradicting to be made. As elaborated by Daft (2012), although decisions are differentiated as programmed and non-programmed, in a typical manner the decision making process still runs through the six ordinary steps, which are acknowledgement of decision requisite, diagnosis and analysis of factors, advancement of alternatives, option of desired alternative, execution of selected alternative and, appraisal and feedback.
 
To begin the process, Ricky (2012) claimed that the first step in rational decision making is recognizing that a decision is necessary. Problems in an organization would incur when their real achievements do not meet to the goals set. Here comes to managers where they put through their paces to understand thoroughly what the problems are, its causes and relationships to other factors. Samuel, Anthony, and Brian (1995) stated that "managers must be first acknowledging the fact that a problem has arisen". Sometimes, managers' intelligence can be seen clearly at this stage because some of them could even treat and turn the problems arise as another potential opportunities which can be applied to develop the organization's performances. This reflects that problem and opportunity always lies at the same boundary, it depends on how the managers in touch to cope and take over it. So, to take cognizance of the arising problems or opportunities make the very first pace in this stage. Managers have to determine in a profound way whether the organization has reached the satisfactory level in order to progress the established goals. Normally, there always needs a stimulus or spark to initiate a process, acknowledging decision requisite however requires great effort to comprehend because it might appear without any prior warning in many situations.(责任编辑:BUG)


------分隔符-------------------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts
推荐内容