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MBA留学论文范文:经济一体化理论面临的问题

时间:2016-12-08 17:38来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
Suranovic认为,经济一体化是将协调有关贸易、财政和货币政策之间的国家。所声称的好处包括降低交易成本,利用专业化和利用比较优势的概念,为商品和服务的最佳生产。
据suranovic,有六种类型的经济一体化,描述每个集成水平,有优惠贸易协议(PTA)、自由贸易区(FTA)、关税同盟、共同市场、经济联盟和市场规定低于联盟。
优惠贸易协议(PTA):它是一种降低关税,不消除,对选定的一组国家在一定范围内的产品。这意味着关税仍然适用于剩余的国家和对剩余的产品类别。这是经济一体化的形式。
自由贸易区(自由贸易区):它是一个选择的合作伙伴之间的关税消除。尽管如此,从其他国家的进口的外部关税仍然适用。自由贸易区的两个例子是中国-东盟自由贸易区、北美自由贸易区。然而,原来的规则的概念放在防止中转产品进入自贸区相关国家以最低的关税,然后转移到其他国家的高关税高的考虑。
 
Suranovic (2008) argued that, economic integration is the combining of coordination relating trade, fiscal, and/or monetary policies among countries. The claimed benefits include lower trading cost, exploiting specialization and utilizing comparative advantage concept for optimal production of goods and services.
 
According to Suranovic (1998), there are six types of economic integration which describing each integration level, there are preferential trade agreement (PTA), free trade area (FTA), customs union, common market, economic union and market union which stated below.
 
Preferential trade agreement (PTA): It is a form of tariff reduction, not necessarily elimination, to a selected group of countries in a certain range of products. This means that tariffs still apply to remaining countries and toward remaining product categories. This is the weakest form of economic integration.(Suranovic,1998)
 
Free trade area (FTA):It is the elimination of tariff among a selected group of partners. Nonetheless, external tariffs on imports from other countries still apply. Two examples of FTA are ACFTA and NAFTA. However, the original rules concept is placed in high consideration about preventing transship products into FTA-associated countries with the lowest tariff and then transfer to other countries with higher tariffs.(Suranovic,1998)
 
Customs union: This practice eliminates tariffs to selected partners and agrees to set common external tariff on imports from other countries. (Suranovic,1998)
 
Common market: This is another form of economic integration which is similar to customs union with additional benefit of free mobility of capital and labor across countries.
 
(责任编辑:BUG)


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