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留学生MBA论文节选:员工创新行为的定义与描述

时间:2017-03-08 10:01来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
员工创新行为被定义为一个人的故意行为的介绍和/或应用新的理念、产品、流程和程序,他或她的工作角色,单位或组织。在工作场所的员工创新行为的例子包括引入新的技术和技术,提出新的方法来实现目标,尝试新的方法执行工作任务,并促进实施新的想法。
对员工创新的西和法尔提出几点的定义是值得注意的。首先,员工的创新行为包括行为的介绍和应用或实施新的想法,产品,流程和程序的员工。因此,这个定义包括各种有关组织的创新过程的行为。
 
CHAPTER 2
Employee innovation behaviour has been defined as the intentional behaviour of an individual to introduce and/or apply new ideas, products, processes, and procedures to his or her work role, unit, or organization (West & Farr, 1989, 1990b). Examples of employee innovative behaviour in the workplace include introducing new technologies and techniques, suggesting new ways to achieve objectives, trying new ways of performing work tasks, and facilitating the implementation of new ideas.
 
Several points in the definition on employee innovation proposed by West and Farr (1989, 1990b) are worth noting. Firstly, employee innovative behaviours include behaviours pertaining to both the introduction and the application or implementation of new ideas, products, processes and procedures by the employees. This definition thus includes a variety of behaviours pertaining to the innovation processes in an organisation.
 
Secondly, this definition takes into account both technical innovations (the introduction or application of new technologies, products, and services) and administrative innovations (the introduction or application of new procedures and policies) (Van de Ven, 1986). Technical innovations are innovations that occur in the primary work activity of the organization; administrative innovations are innovations that occur in the social system of an organization (Daft, 1978; Damanpour & Evan, 1984). Examples of technical innovation include the implementation of an idea for a new product or the introduction of new elements in an organization’s production process. Examples of administrative innovation include the implementation of new policies of recruitment, allocating resources, and reward. Individual innovative behaviours could be behaviours pertaining to the introduction or implementation of both technical and administrative innovations.
 
Thirdly, the new ideas, products, processes, and procedures being introduced or implemented do not have to be absolutely new to the field. They only need to be new relative to the unit of adoption. For example, an employee is innovating when he introduces an IT system that has not been used in his organization before. This technology doesn’t have to be a new invention and could have been used in other organizations before. And finally, innovative behaviours include not only those behaviours leading to innovations within the individual’s work role but also behaviours that initiate or facilitate innovations in higher level units such as the individual’s work group, department, or the entire organization (West & Farr 1989.(责任编辑:BUG)


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