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英国留学生DISSERTATION INTRODUCTION格式范文-talented entrepreneurs-英国

时间:2011-08-09 10:18:59 来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

英国留学生DISSERTATION INTRODUCTION格式范文-talented entrepreneurs-英国MBA论文INTRODUCTION范文格式 INTRODUCTION:
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE RESEARCH
Currently, demand fortalented entrepreneurs is greater than ever (Thompson, 2004). In the UK, the National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education (1997) recommended in 1997 that universities developed innovative approaches to entrepreneurship related programme designs, and Universities UK (2000) listed business and entrepreneurial development as one of four strategic goals for British universities (cited in Kirby, 2004). Kirby (2004) indicated that, in addition, many governments became interested in the creation of cultures that would create new ventures and promote enterprise.

Simultaneously, Phillipson (1995) mentioned that there are many students who would prefer to develop their own business post graduation; hence they would like to become entrepreneurs. Regardless of Phillipson’s (1995) study, many researchers have probed into the motivation which drives them into taking on the risk, uncertainty and independent structure of business ownership (Segal, Borgia, and Schoenfeld, 2005).

Some researchers argued that every individual possesses the potential to be an entrepreneur as people are being more innovative and creative in the numerous tasks that they undertake. Thompson (2004) suggested, however, that only particular individuals possess the necessary prowess and dexterity that could succeed as an entrepreneur, where people should not be encouraged to believe that they can. Drucker (1986), Phillipson (1995) and Thompson (2004) summarized that an entrepreneur’s natural and instinctive behaviour is to exploit any opportunities and take on decisions regarding the risks related to the utilization of economic resources leading to the generation of higher productivity and profitability.

The notion of whether students can be taught to become entrepreneurs is an ongoing debate in the entrepreneurship academy (Fiet, 2000a cited in Henry, Hill, and Leitch, 2005). Some authors believed that individuals can develop their entrepreneurship through either technique-based training or relevant education and training. Thompson (2004) clarified, conversely, that “acknowledgement of talent and temperament emphasises the weakness of concentrating on technique-based training for entrepreneur” (Thompson, 2004. p.246) as talent is an innate ability and temperament is the driving force behind everyone’s behaviour (Thompson, 2004).

Likewise, if Thompson’s (2004) interpretation of the ‘born or bred’ debate is accepted, another question is how to identify the potential entrepreneur. The notion of entrepreneurship is always associated with predominant characteristics (Henderson and Robertson, 1999) and certain characteristics are usually evident in those who enjoy success (Lambing and Kuehl, 2003).#p#分页标题#e#

Davies and Carruthers (1996), Hatten and Ruhland (2004) and Littunen (2000) adopted demographic data and personality trait approaches to explain it. In this study the focus is on the personality approach. McClelland’s (1961) theory of the need to achieve and Rotter’s (1966) locus of control theory are commonly applied in the research of entrepreneurship (Hatten and Ruhland, 2004). Apart from these two theories, Bolton and Thompson (2003; 2004) examined ten action roles associated with entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship.

Thompson (1999) stated that entrepreneurial behaviours should respond to environmental turbulence and uncertainty, attempting to establish a strong strategic position, and also create uncertainty for others with proactive initiatives, and also create opportunities. In addition, by disturbing the existing condition, they spot and seize new opportunities ahead of any competitors, and they stay alertness to potential threats (Thompson, 1999).

As mentioned before at University UK (2000), business and entrepreneurial development was listed as one of four strategic goals for British universities; this leads to the development of an aim of this study which is to ascertain whether overseas postgraduate students, who are studying Human Resource Management in UK at Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), in the under 27 age group have potential to become entrepreneurs.

英国留学生DISSERTATION INTRODUCTION格式范文-talented entrepreneurs-英国MBA论文INTRODUCTION范文格式1.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES
1.2.1 Aim:
To ascertain whether overseas postgraduate students, who are studying Human Resource Management in the UK at MMU, in the under27 age group possess potential to become entrepreneurs.

1.2.2 Objectives:
1. To examine the concept of entrepreneurship through a review of the literature.
2. To give an overview of entrepreneurial characteristics and entrepreneurial behaviours.
3. To ascertain through primary research whether the overseas postgraduate students in the under 27 age group possess potential to become entrepreneurs.
4. To analyse the entrepreneurial characteristics and evaluate the entrepreneurial potential of overseas postgraduate students who are studying Human resource Management in the UK at MMU.
5. To provide recommendations and conclusions for the future.

1.3 STRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT
This report is formulated into five chapters, chapter one – ‘Introduction’; chapter two – ‘Literature Review’; chapter three – ‘Methodology’; chapter four – ‘Analysis of Results’; and chapter five – ‘Conclusions and Recommendations’.

1.3.1 Chapter 1.0
The purpose of chapter one is to provide a framework of this research study. This chapter illustrates the research background by discussing other authors’ research on the topics of entrepreneur, entrepreneurship, and entrepreneurial characteristics and behaviours. The aim and objectives act as guidelines for the study to answer the research questions raised step by step.#p#分页标题#e#

1.3.2 Chapter 2.0
The purpose of chapter two is to review the literature which is related to this research topic and to accomplish objective one and two. This chapter will define and interpret the term ‘entrepreneur’ and ‘entrepreneurship’ with examples. Moreover, the relationship between psychometric test and entrepreneurial characteristics and behaviours will be explained. Indeed, it provides an overview of entrepreneurial characteristics and behaviours. The supposed entrepreneurial personalities would work as a foundation for designing the questionnaire. Furthermore, it examines the premise that there is/are method(s) to evaluate someone’s entrepreneurial personality by adopting Bolton and Thompson’s (2003; 2004) ideas and FACETS model.

英国留学生DISSERTATION INTRODUCTION格式范文-talented entrepreneurs-英国MBA论文INTRODUCTION范文格式1.3.3 Chapter 3.0
The purpose of this chapter is to explain the research process and the research instrument to be employed. This chapter illustrates the research process and demonstrates how to search and review the literatures, explain how the primary data is collected and which statistical methods and techniques are to be employed. Finally, it evaluates the methodology employed and highlights positive and negative outcomes of the research process.

1.3.4 Chapter 4.0
The purpose of chapter four is to analyse primary data, present the results and achieve objective four. This chapter presents the findings of the study along with the statistical analysis.

1.3.5 Chapter 5.0
The purpose of chapter five is to draw conclusions and make recommendations for the future and to accomplish objective five.
 

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