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留学生媒体学之音乐媒体文化论文写作-Punk music 朋克音乐

时间:2012-01-09 13:33:21 来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

代写留学生媒体学论文 Punk music朋克音乐

介绍

朋克音乐是当今最流行的一种流派广泛遍布全球。总之朋克音乐并不快,精力充沛的音乐,但它是一个亚文化总体来讲,出现在1970年代中期美国和大不列颠。而且这是一个政治示威”的含义。这就是为什么它被认为是朋克音乐是政治原因。这音乐趋势表示不同意保守主义、权威主义、民族主义、激进的资本主义,坚持“以人为本”的思想,antifascism反种族主义。

很多美国和英国朋克组的传说类型成为他们;他们大部分的名字是已知的和重复即使在今天。他们开始不存在的地方,他们只是简单地占据了适合的危机后嬉皮运动。

一些历史的朋克音乐。在什么意义上有朋克被认为是“政治”吗?

朋克烟雾缭绕的城市出现在美国70年代初。“Proto-punk”存在于60年代之前。那是一把吉他和鼓变得容易,这样每个人都能购买或偷盗,因为它是由“性手枪”。首先建立了新的朋克音乐团体,俱乐部之后才出现的。蓬克摇滚乐迷定义自己是一个“一代没有前途”或者是“失落的一代”。下半场第70届在英国和欧洲的朋克传播。

不是朋克运动起来在一片空白。所谓的“独立”阶段出生早得多一些,我们可以给小阿飞。这意味着那些演员和音乐家们都不应该进入"十大最优”为被听见,一些成功的外表是足够的,一些杂志讲述他们一般公众。

而在英语青年听雷鬼、灵魂、摇滚乐和车库岩石发展在美国。在60-s夜总会工作在美国的城市,在那里可以做不同的音乐家。人们都听说过一个新成立的社会团体到那里看看,可以加入,在未来的。

建立在three-four和弦,完善和无显著,“朋克摇滚”不仅仅是音乐,外观或生活方式。朋克仍是实现“此时此刻”许多人的愿望,即使他们不知道他们的需求,他们知道如何,它可以得到的。喜欢那些人朋克,他很累,糖份舞蹈音乐太遥远的形势,占地方四周。

但蓬克摇滚乐迷不能消失——它是不可能阻止他们。

数以百计的业余乐队发现自我表达,感觉自由自在的可能性从社会和父母。

但玩一些简单的渴望,积极与元素的分离epatage没有离开青年亚文化的代表,这些团体是“MC5”、“天鹅绒地下”、“奸细”和其他人。

天鹅绒地下竖立畸形丑陋的美丽和年级中还更令人惊讶的乐队。在时间的嬉皮文化他们把作品,主题是一个禁忌:性别变体,药物的消费增长,社会疏远,残酷的社会,完整和失望irreparableness未来在年轻人当中。通过这些问题,嬉皮只是提议去离开他们在天堂里自己的灵魂。与现代文明的毁灭行动是清楚地听见的音乐和文本的“天鹅绒地下”。#p#分页标题#e#

Introduction
Nowadays punk music is one of the most popular genres widely spread all over the world. All in all punk music is not fast and energetic music, but it is a subculture in general, that appeared in the middle of 1970-s in the United States and Great Britain. Moreover it is a protest with a political implication. That is why it is considered punk music to be political. This music trend expresses disagreement with conservatism, authoritarianism, nationalism and radical capitalism and adherence to the ideas of antiracism and antifascism.
A lot of American and British punk groups became the legends of their genre; most of their names are known and repeated even nowadays. They began their existence not from nowhere, they just simply occupied a fitting place after the crisis of hippy movement.
Some history of punk music. In what sense has punk been considered “political”?
Punk appeared in the smoky cities of America at the beginning of 70-s. “Proto-punk” existing in 60s preceded it. It was the time when a guitar and drums became accessible so that everyone could buy them or to steal, as it was done by “Sex Pistols”. Firstly punks created new musical groups, clubs appeared after. Punks defined themselves as a “generation with no future” or as a “lost generation”. In the second half of 70th punk spread in England and Europe.
Punk movement arose up not on blank space. The so-called “independent stage” was born much earlier than something that we consider to call punk. It meant that those performers and musicians were not supposed to get into “ten of the best” for being heard, several successful appearances were enough, and some magazine told about them to the general public.
While in English youth listened reggae, soul, rock-and-roll and garage rock developed in America. In the 60-s in America night-clubs worked in the cities, where different musicians could perform. People having heard about a new group arrived there to look at it and may be join it in future.
Built up on three-four chords, imperfect and not notable, “punk-rock” is not simply music, appearance or way of life. Punk is still the realization of “here and now” desires of great number of people, and even if they do not know their needs, they know how it can be got. Punk liked those people, who were tired from sugary dance music too distant from the situation that takes a place around.
But punks can’t disappear - it is impossible to stop them.
Hundreds of amateurish bands found self-expression, felt the possibility of being free from society and parents.
However aspiration to play simple, aggressive with the elements of epatage did not leave separate representatives of youth subculture, those groups were “MC5”, “Velvet Underground”, “The Stooges” and others.
Velvet Underground erected deformity, ugliness in the grade of beauty and were yet more surprising band for their time. In the time hippie culture they lifted themes in the works which were a taboo: sexual perversions, growing consumption of drugs, social alienation, cruelty of the society, complete irreparableness and disappointment in the future among young people. These problems were passed by, hippie simply suggested to go away from them in paradise of own souls. And the destroying action of modern civilization was clearly heard in the music and texts of “Velvet Underground”.#p#分页标题#e#
Wave of drug addiction, overflowing America as a result of hippie subculture, awareness of complete failure of intruding to Vietnam, attempts which did not result in diminishing of opposition of two countries, as Russia did not want to part with an idea of “world revolution”, cruel economic crisis, breaking out at the beginning of 70th - here the marks of disappointment of young people in own society and in those, who manages them.
So, soon the idols changed. They became “Talking Heads”, “New York Dolls”, “Ramones”, “Sex Pistols” which appeared to become the first punk-musicians of the second, real wave of punk.
In succeeding years a great amount of punk bands appeared on a horizon of modern music and naming them and their history we can spend a lot of time.
According to some historical data written before, we should mention that youth belonging to punk movement have always been unsatisfied with some political situation in this or that country. Moreover belonging to different subcultures (subgroups) that appeared in the early 80-s and later, for example: Emo, Goth, Grunger, Psychobilly and many others determine some political, apolitical and religious beliefs.
A lot of punk groups maintain a social movement of anarchism, singing about chaos and anarchy. Some light up and raise up the concepts of patriotism and socialism, depicting the working class, their troubles and the injustice that surrounds them. Of course it must be mentioned some kind of conservatism, racism, value of life, atheistic and nationalism in their songs.
Conclusion
Scarcely anybody saw something more provoking than punks. Their original appearance became a method to enter their protest against those, who had to pay attention on them earlier, but did not do it. Hair standing on end everywhere painted in frightening colors (yellow with lilac or orange with green), made up eyes, spots of lipstick, old and lacerated jeans clothes, leather jackets, dirty shirts with shady curses, scenes of violence, political slogans and prevocational proclamation, pins, collars and dog’s leads, chain stretching from one leg to other, dried mice on a rope and so on, all in all unhealthy and repellent appearance is just self-expression from a rubbish heap showed for everybody to be noticed.
But in an order to understand the purpose of any punk, it is necessary to be not a person of narrow interests, sitting in the burrow and looking out from it at the surrounding world, but to live in it, and for this purpose it is necessary to become freer. Not all can take the liberty with such luxury.
Punk was an attempt to turn their attention to what takes place, to obtain that they noticed something, but they did not do it. In any case, punk of the year 1977 prepared a basis for subsequent musical 留学生媒体学论文directions which would not arise up without its appearance and support.


Bibliography
1. Michael Bennet. “Political Punk: Tour takes on the system”. 23#p#分页标题#e#
2. September 2004. Daily Lobo. 21 March 2007.
3. “Punk subculture”. 21 March 2007. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 21 March 2007.
4. “Punk ideologies”. 20 March 2007. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 21 March 2007.


 

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