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英语论文代写范文:维也纳国际展览

时间:2015-08-31 17:05来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
1873年维也纳国际展览的圆形大厅
 
在1873年,奥地利举办了一场世界博览会,旨在呈现出和英国以及法国相同的一个世界领导者的形象。维也纳展览的思想轨迹焦点就是圆形建筑结构,它也是工程和设计的壮举,这还有1873年5月1日博览会开幕式的照片。
 
在那一天,内环路上的街道都被寒冷的细雨打湿了,超过了两万名维也纳的公民来观看了这一盛举,然而在大厅的周围,勒布斯坦和普拉特斯通内似乎都是坐了一半的人,弗朗西斯约瑟夫皇帝在中午出现了,这也标志着典礼的开始,这个过程异常的简明短暂,不到三十分钟,没有任何形式的正式演讲。然而,那天的一个特点就是音乐,皇家歌剧院管弦乐团和两个音律俱乐部在表演韩德尔的三月,分别是施特劳伦斯的华尔兹和奥地利的国家赞美诗。
 
The Rotunda of the 1873 Vienna International Exhibition 
 
Austria hosted a world's fair in 1873, as it aimed to present itself as a world leader and the equal of England and France. The structure that served as the focal point and ideological locus for the Vienna Exhibition was its striking Rotunda, a feat of engineering and design, which is pictured during the fair's opening ceremonies on May 1, 1873. 
 
On that day, the streets of the Ringstrasse were wet with a cold drizzle. More than twenty thousand Viennese citizens came out to see the festivities, yet the area around the Rotunda, Leopoldstadt and Praterstern, did not seem even half full. Emperor Francis Joseph appeared at noon, signaling the beginning of the ceremonies. The program was unusually brief; it concluded in less than thirty minutes and lacked any type of formal speech. However, the one characteristic that immortalized that day was the music. The strains of the Imperial Opera's orchestra and the voices of two Viennese Glee Clubs united in performing Handel's March, the waltzes of Strauss, and the Austrian national hymn. 
 
While the music emerged as a high point of the initial celebrations, the atmosphere in Vienna during the fair seemed rather half-hearted. For the past several years, the nation had been enjoying a period of economic growth and domestic prosperity. However, just a fortnight after these opening ceremonies, the Austrian stock market underwent a severe crash, wreaking havoc on the domestic economy. This frustrated the efforts of the Austrians to convey a strong impression to the international community. Ironically, it also seemed that while other countries experienced success in selling their national products to the fair visitors, the Austrian displays lay untouched. For these reasons, the atmosphere in Vienna during the fair was not as jubilant as had been seen at other exhibitions. However, the crash occurred after the Rotunda was built, so the budget for the construction of the Rotunda strikes one as fairly impressive. In July 1871, the original amount allocated for its building was 6,000,000 florins. However, in September of 1872, an additional 6,000,000 florins was added. (责任编辑:BUG)


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