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印度媒体:The Media In India Media Essay

时间:2015-12-28 19:03来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
印度媒体
 
回顾关于战争和内部危机情况的新闻报道,这消息很明显是来自该运作地区对这总是感兴趣的人。媒体这些天来已经承担了一个地位,很少能够像以前那样享受。作为一种制度化的方式来产生意识和向大众传播,媒体已经成为我们生活的一种工具。对摩诃婆罗多的仔细审查和研究会暴露我们战斗的细微差别在两个对手之间,迄今为止,它遗留下了一个杰出的证明,那就是战场的质量报告是印度史诗时期。如果我们在相应的现代印度的战争记者,可能霍华德罗素威廉的名字可能是第一个被引用,他在印度独立战争的第一次战争报道,在目前的情况下,战争和内部危机的报道已经采取了有趣的转变与近实时的事件显示从危机区域的事件立即显示。媒体在喀什米尔和北东持续的叛乱战斗中一直扮演着至关重要的环节。
 
媒体报道维吉尔冲突中洪水的新闻量上涨,二十四到二十七频道不断轮回报道着战争新闻,不只是最新的故事,还有一系列上一个已经报道过的故事。由此来唤醒公众的关注并且形成一种意识。在最近的历史上,从未有过如此多的支持,但在维吉尔冲突期间支持明显增加。为什么媒体在这一事件中发挥了作用?我们希望媒体能够像在维吉尔期间那样支持未来的运作吗?媒体的一部分,是由来自外界的人控制和资助的一部分,会继续在维吉尔冲突期间所做的那样不断滚动报道着新闻吗?
 
印度媒体-The Media In India Media Essay
 
Looking at the history of news coverage of the war and internal crisis situation, it is quite evident that the news from the area of operation has always interested the mankind. Media these days has now assumed a status which it had seldom enjoyed earlier. Starting as an institutionalized approach to generate awareness and inform masses, media has become an instrument to govern our lives. A close scrutiny and study of Mahabharata would expose to us the nuances of battle that went on between the two adversaries and till date it remains a great testimony to what the quality of battlefield reporting analyses was during the epic period in India. If we were to identify a war correspondent in correspondingly modern India, possibly William Howard Russell's name could be the first one to be cited as he reported upon the first war of independence in India in 1857.The coverage of the war and internal crisis in present day scenario has taken an interesting turn with the near real time to live coverage of the events showing pictures from the crisis zone instantly. Media has been playing a vital link to the rest of India on the ongoing insurgency/militancy in Kashmir and North East.
 
Media coverage took an upward surge almost nearing a deluge during the Kargil conflict. Twenty four into seven channels began churning the battlefield in a hunt for not only the latest stories but a series of stories eclipsing the previous one thereby arousing public interest and forming opinions. Never had there been so much support to the war effort in the recent history as was evident during the Kargil conflict. Why did it happen the way it did-did media play a role in it? Do we expect the media to be as supportive during future operations as it was during Kargil? Would the part of media that is controlled and financed by people from outside the country continue to play the ball the way it did during the Kargil conflict? Today, the images of war, for that matter peace, can decisively draw the contours of a nation's public opinion even before the authorities can confirm or repudiate the authenticity. Therefore, it is all the more essential to critically analyse the role media can play and how best can it be optimized without compromising any of its essential elements.
 
印度新闻委员会-Press council of India
 
1. Press Council is a mechanism for the pres to regulate itself. The raison d'etre of this unique institution is rooted in the concept that in a democratic society the press needs at once to be free and reasonable. If the press is to function effectively as the watchdog of public interest, it must have a secure freedom of expression, unfettered and unhindered by any authority, organised body or individuals. But, this claim to press freedom has legitimacy only if it is exercised with due sense of responsibility. The press must therefore scrupulously adhere to accepted norms of journalistic ethics and maintain high standard of professional conduct. Where the norms are breached and freedom is defiled by unprofessional conduct, a way must exist to check and control it. But, control by government or official authorities may prove destructive of this freedom. Therefore, the best way is to let peers of the profession, assisted by a few discerning layman to regulate it through a properly structured representative impartial machinery. Hence, the Press Council.
 
2. The Press Council of India was first set up in the year 1966 by the Parliament on the recommendations of the First Press Commission with the objective of preserving the freedom of the press and of maintaining and improving the standards of press in India. The present Council functions under the Press Council Act 1978. It adjudicates the complaints against and by the press for violation of ethics and for violation of the freedom of the press respectively. The Press Council is headed by a chairman, who has by convention, been a retired judge of Supreme Court of India. The council consists of 28 other members of whom 20 represent the press and are nominated by the press organisation/news agencies recognised and notified by the Council as all India bodies of categories such as editors, working journalists and owners and managers of newspaper, five members are nominated from the two houses of the Parliament and represent cultural, literary and legal fields as nominees of Sahitya Academy, University Grant Commission and Bar Council of India. The members serve on the Council for a term of three years. The Council was last reconstituted on May 22, 2001. The Press Council of India has the following function:-
 
To help the newspaper to maintain their independence.
 
(ii)
 
Medium of Media
 
媒体的作用-Role of Media
 
2. Role of media is that of mediation between the government and the people of the nation. Due to its responsibilities, media is the fourth pillar of the democratic India. After 63 years of achieving independence and quest towards becoming number one power of the world by 2020 through economic growth, the role of media is somewhat uncertain and putting a question mark on the Indian journalism. Before moving ahead we need to ask ourselves and think as to is Indian media playing the role for what it has been known that is the fourth pillar of the state? If not then what role media should play? The obvious answer to this question is that the media should be fair, reliable, impartial, accurate analysis/reporting and work in an integrated manner towards the overall benefit of the people of the nation. As far as news is concerned, media should analyse the news in a very rigid manner, how it has happened and what is the very existence of the news to go to the root cause of the problem instead of being biased to any facts and figures available of hand or floated by anybody. But the fact remains very often rather going deep into any problem, journalists are blindly accepting the news as truth which is being formulated and carefully manipulated by the evil elements and disseminate the same publicly. Well, the entire community of journalist s cannot be placed under suspicious category for the inappropriate reporting or misdeeds of few journalists.(责任编辑:anne)


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