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巴基斯坦移动公司为例研究长时间工作对员工影响

时间:2015-07-07 10:26来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

这是一种常见的观察,只工作不玩耍对于任何企业任何员工都会产生负面影响。在工作场所延长工作时间会产生投诉和相关工作的意外事故,主要原因是压力会导致一些严重麻烦的产生。到目前为止,许多研究都是分析长时间的工作可能产生的严重影响,特别是人类的健康和精神状况而言。随着长时间工作压力的产生,心脏病、疲劳、压力、背痛和一般卫状况接踵而至,长时间的工作不仅对健康产生影响,而且会产生一些伦理问题。

 

Cellular companies in pakistan.
 

INTRODUCTION
 

It is a common observation that all work and no play have negative impacts on the lives of the employees of any organization. Extended working hours at work places are the main reasons of health complaints and work related stress can lead to several serious accidents. So far number of studies and research has been conducted in order to bring into attention the serious problems long working hours can cause to the human health and mental conditions of employees. Heart attacks, fatigue, stress, backaches and general health complaints are some of the issues one can face while working late and for longer period of time. A.E. Dembe in his article “Ethical Issues Relating to the Health Effects of Long working hours” which was published in April, 2009 reveals some of the major health issues that are caused due to the long working hours and shift work. According to A.E. Dembe's findings long working hours and shift work raises the odds for workers to be injured, to be fatigued, stressed, and to suffer from a range of serious medical illnesses.
 

In today's modern world economy has gained a pivotal position in any country's progress and prosperity. Development of a country is now judged on the basis of increase in its economy rate per year, and in order to compete with the world's economic market all the organizations of a country want workers who can work as much hours as they can. Some people are willing to work for late hours and can maintain a balance between work and private life, while most of the people have to work for late hours because they do not have an option and so they face some serious consequences for that. In many areas of the world eight hours is considered a traditional workday. Even though it is known as a standard workday, a large portion of the world population works more than eight hours. An employee often works more than eight hours a day because their employer requires it or because they need the money. Regardless of the reason for doing so, it has been proven that long hours can have a negative impact on an employee and his/her performance. The average hours worked by full time employees in Pakistan has increased over the last decade. Long work hours create work-life imbalance. Praveen Kumar Tumma in his article “Do working long hours increase the productivity of an employee?” said; maintaining a work-life balance is extremely important for both the employer and the employee as this will help boost productivity and thus helpful in the long term. By definitionWork-life balance is about being able to maintain a balance between work and personal responsibilities on all fronts: - Work and family - Work and personal fulfillment- Work and social and community responsibility (Women in Employment Committee, 2003). As we know happy worker is a productive worker. It means that a balanced work-life is as crucial for employer as for employees and their families. Every employee has a specific reason which acts as a source of motivation for the worker. Some people work to gain certain benefits, some for love and family and others for achieving goals of their lives. And if the motivation level goes down it ultimately affects the performance of the employee. Sometimes due to tough and busy schedule workers' lives become narrow as they do not get enough time to spend with their families, friends and for other activities like sports etc. this directly or indirectly effects employee's health, motivational level, fatigue levels and their performance. It is generally believed that working long hour's increases the productivity. This concept is not correct because there are number of other factors involved in the increase of productivity of an employee, according to Praveen Kumar Tumma, “it is a general concept that if employees would work for longer hours productivity will increasebut my opinion is different about that I think it's not an ideal thinking and this is nowhere proved scientifically or generally, productivity is not linked up with the working hours which an employee exert but to what extent they enjoys working this is the basic thing.The long working hours affect the employees in both ways, in negative as well as in positive way. Because it depends how employees think of it. If they feel happy working long hours and enjoys their work then this will ultimately leads them to satisfy their basic needs and to achieve their personal goals (for example, helping others, or receipt of recognition of skills and achievements).Working on extended time some time provides employees with ‘Quality time'when there is no disturbance or very low and essentially rewarding work is complete, and prevention of the ‘rush hours' when traffic overcrowding is at its climax.(责任编辑:BUG)



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