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员工的参与与管理

时间:2015-07-13 11:05来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

根据某一观点,员工的参与是基于一个基础性的概念,这个概念就是普通的员工将他的劳动投入到他工作的地方,并将自己的命运绑定到这个地方,因此,他们有合法的权力去参与影响公司各个方面的政策。

然而,根据G.S.Walpole,参与管理给他们带来重要性、骄傲和成就的感觉,还给了他们自我表达的自由和机会,一种对他们的工作地的归属感和技艺与创造的感觉。它提供了集成的利益与管理,使他们联合企业的合作伙伴。

员工参与管理的形式因产业和国家而异,取决于政治体制、管理模式的关系和参与的主题或领域。员工参与的形式可能如下:一、附上协商方式 二、联合决策模型 三、 自我管理,或汽车管理方案 四、工人代表委员会。 员工应该记住,当个人在决策过程中,被提供了表达和分享的机会,他们就应该表现出主动性并承担责任。

According to one view, workers participation is based on the fundamental concept that the ordinary workers invest his labour in, and ties his fate to, his place of work and, therefore, he has a legitimate right to have a share in influencing the various aspects of company policy".

According to G.S. Walpole, participation in management gives the workers a sense of importance, pride and accomplishment; it gives him the freedom and the opportunity for self-expression; a feeling of belonging to his place of work and a sense of workmanship and creativity. It provides for the integration of his interests with those of the management and makes him a joint partners in the enterprise".

The forms of workers participation in management vary from industry to industry and country to country depending upon the political system, pattern of management relations and subject or area of participation. The forms of workers participation may be as follows:

Joint Consultation Modes

Joint Decision Model

Self Management, or Auto Management Scheme

Workers Representation on Board

It should be borne in mind that when individuals are provided with opportunities for expression and share in decision-making, they show much initiative and accept responsibility substantially. The rationale of workers' participation in management lies in that it helps in creating amongst the workers a sense of involvement in their organisatoin, a better understanding of their role in the smooth functioning of industry and provides them a means of self-realization, thereby, promoting efficiency and increased productivity.

引文---INTRODTION

Participative Management i s a sophisticated concept i n the modern managerial world, atleast in Indian Scene. Participation in the decision-making process helps to achieve greater job satisfaction on the part of the employees and hlgher production on the part of the organisation. The workers can be motivated more effectively through non-monetary Incentives than through monetary incentives. I t i s observed in recent times that participation Is one of the best non-monetary incentives I f the organisation applies the participation schemes properly, i t is believed that it w i l l be able to improve the production and productivities of the different factors of production. At the same time it serves as a motivator and satisfaction to the employees by meeting their ego needs. Participative Management is the process of involving subordinates i n the decision-making process. I t stresses active involvement of the employees. I t uses thelr expertise and creativity in solving important managerial problems. I t rests on the concept of shared authority which holds that managers share thelr managerla1 authority with their subordinates. Participative Management, "is a process of delegation of authority and responsibility in the general area of managerial functions. I t means sharing in an appropriate manner the decislonmaklng power with the lower ranks of the organisation of an enterprise Participative Management is therefore, a system or process in which workers are called upon to express their views regarding the formulation of policies and decision-making, to the management. This is nothing but a way of sati sfylng the workers' urge for self expression and creating in them a feeling of belongingness in order to get their willing co-operation for the efficient working of the organisation. The aim of this system is to make the workers feel that the organisation is their own and its success or failure, Is their own success or failure. I t would remove the feeling of alienation from the workers towards the management as well as other workers In the same industry.(责任编辑:BUG)



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