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human resource management essay-员工流动问题研究

时间:2015-08-09 19:33来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
介绍—Introduction
 
这篇文章论述一个公司员工保留的问题,并研究了对这一问题造成的影响因素有哪些。研究员工流动所用到的有关学术和方法论进行了讨论。曾有很多关于“员工的保留”这一话题的研究,本文对其中的一些理论作了评论。本文表明了对“问题”层面上有很多的研究,至于集团层面则没有。
 
本文着重于找出员工流动的主要原因,员工流动定义为是员工说明自己的情况,然后自愿辞职。从经理的角度来看,他们疑惑的问题是“员工流动率达到了怎样的一个层次,管理部门需要做怎么样的努力去挽回?”文章从员工最有利的角度看待员工流动率的问题。
 
研究方法—Research Methodologies
 
很多相关的研究让公司明白员工频繁的流动给公司成本造成的影响。新员工花费的成本是普通员工年薪的两倍半。这些费用是很少会专门做会计记录的。因此,员工流动花费的成本数据能够显示,成功保留员工的策略是很重要的(Ramlall, 2004)。
 
介绍—Introduction
 
This essay will review employee retention in organisations, and will look at the issues that affect this. Academic and methodological offerings on the study of the antecedents of aggregate turnover are discussed. There have been numerous published studies on employee retention; some of these theories will be reviewed. The paper has revealed there are numerous studies at the individual level, but not at the group level.
 
The paper focuses on the reasons for aggregated employee turnover. Aggregate employee turnover is defined as voluntary resignations, and reviews the overall picture. From a manager's perspective, the manager's question, "what level of turnover should management make every effort to achieve?" Finding a most favourable point of aggregate employee turnover is hypothetically possible.
 
研究方法—Research Methodologies
 
There is a great deal of research which will demonstrate to organisation the true cost of a high employee turnover. The cost of replacing employees who have left can amount to two and half times an employee's annual salary. These costs are hardly ever specially identified in any accounting records. Therefore, turnover cost data have to be used to reveal the success of retention strategies over time (Ramlall, 2004).
 
There is also the knowledge that is lost with the worker who leaves the organisation. This is the knowledge and skills that is used to meet the requirements and the customers' expectations of the service. Organisations cannot take a reflexive approach towards knowledge management; as an alternative they should seek to maintain the competitive advantage and increase systems to control the value of knowledge (Ramlall, S. 2004).(责任编辑:huiyinad)


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