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Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

时间:2015-05-30 11:29来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

本文主要讲述了工作中的性骚扰这一现象。工作中的性骚扰有两种类型将分别阐述。文中调查雇主如果骚扰不认可的责任和雇主如何可以防止责任。文中还讨论在这一问题上如何采取主动和积极的态度,失败可能会导致昂贵的诉讼,也会失去员工的士气,生产力下降,以及公司的公众形象的混坏。

Introduction

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established in 1975 and since this time sexual harassment has been one of its major issues that arise in the workplace on a day to day basis. Sexual harassment can be defined as “unwanted sexual attention that would be offensive to a reasonable person and that negatively affects the work or school environment” (Brandenburg 1997, p.1). The key word in this definition is “unwanted.” The EEOC has used its influence under the Sex Discrimination Act to support claims of sexual harassment at employment tribunals. It has also initiated investigation on organizations that had an excessive number of sexual harassment complaints. The guidelines by the EEOC about sexual harassment are defined as unwelcome advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature in the working environment. (Bohlander & Snell pg112)

There are two types of sexual harassment quid pro quo harassment and hostile environment, in which the EEOC recognizes that, will elaborate on. We will also investigate the liability that is held by employers if sexual harassment is not recognized and how employers can prevent from being liable. We will also discuss how failure to adopt a pro-active and aggressive stance on this issue can result in costly lawsuits, and also be a loss of employee morale, decline in productivity, and an erosion of a company's public image.

Review of Literature

“A Legal and Psychological Framework” focuses on variety of points concerning sexual harassment. First of all, in the order for companies to act wisely they need to understand the whole issue of sexual harassment. They should consider the disturbing statistics behind an often hidden problem, the legal grounds available to victims, the current trends in the law, and the ways that companies can protect themselves. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is an act that should be studied and acknowledged by all companies. It has made it “illegal to discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, age, national origin and sex”. (Bladley & Fishkin, 1998, p. 207). This gave birth to Title VII of the Act, which states that when a complaint is made, employers are obligated to investigate and take necessary corrective measures.

In 1986, the Supreme Court held that employers can reduce the danger of being held liable for sexual harassment by establishing procedures "calculated to encourage victims of harassment to come forward." Since then, almost 75 percent of companies with more than one hundred employees have adopted anti-sexual harassment policies. Most of those policies look very much like the "Sample Antiharassment Policy" reproduced in Barbara Lindemann and David Kadue's?Sexual Harassment in Employment Law,?which first appeared in 1992. (Rosen, 1998, p. 25-35)(责任编辑:BUG)


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