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社会学paper范文:衡量贫困儿童社会工作成果

时间:2015-12-10 17:12来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
衡量贫困儿童社会工作成果
Measuring The Outcomes Of Children In Poverty 
 
英国的儿童和年轻人生活贫困,健康行为和关系的测量结果,他们在与欧洲其他发达地区和全球其他地区的人相比,都表现得很差。 工党政府在过去十年一直专注于实现一流的儿童发育的结果,试图使社会更加包容的弱势儿童和家庭(C&F)通过提供更多的援助和资源在早期阶段而不是等待问题开发。
高调的虐待儿童的情况下,一直认为迫切需要当地政府确保早期获得有效的支持,政府应该保证将有足够的资源服务儿童,为早期干预和预防做准备。 C&F特别脆弱,需要访问和优质服务(斯坦森,2004)。 然而正是这些C&F,最不可能接受对他们直接的服务,因为结构和知觉障碍。当前的重点在于早期干预,最初的目标是让报告像镜子一样,但随着社会工作的显著差异,不再发挥中心作用。现在越来越多的专业团体,扮演与儿童和家庭领域的早期干预的角色(EICF)。
本文旨在提供对EICF地区全面的理解。 论文的目标是看谁应该关心个社会福利这重要领域。虽然有一个照顾的公共责任,以确保儿童的健康和福利(艾略特,1958),护理的重点是专业人士和机构与C&F合作。 
 
Measured outcomes of UK children and young peoples well-being poverty, health, behaviour and relationships suggests that they are doing poorly in comparison to their equivalents in other developed parts of Europe and the rest of the globe (Bradshaw, et al., 2006; UNICEF, 2007). Over the past decade the Labour government has focused on accomplishing first class developmental outcomes for children by attempting to make society more inclusive to vulnerable children and families (C&F) through offering more assistance and resources at an earlier stage rather than waiting for problems to develop (Cleaver and Walker, 2004).
 
In response to high profile child abuse cases, Lord Laming (2003, 2009) has consistently identified an urgent need for local authorities to ensure early access to effective support for children in need, recommending the government should guarantee that children's services will have sufficient resources for early intervention and preventative services. C&F who are particularly vulnerable will need both accessible and good quality services (Statham, 2004). However it is these C&F who are least likely to take up the services directed towards them because of both structural and perceptual barriers (Acheson, 1998). The current shift of emphasis towards early intervention has been said to mirror the original aims of the Seebohm Report but with the significant difference that social work no longer plays a central role (Parton, 2008). Instead more professional groups are now playing the role in the area of early intervention with children and families (EICF).(责任编辑:cinq)


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