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公共部门与私营部门员工伦理行为分析研究

时间:2015-06-30 11:25来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

伦理学是哲学的一个分支,符合道德的行为能够产生好的影响,不符合道德的行为会产生消极的负面影响,作为一个哲学的重要分支,随着哲学的不断发展,伦理学发生了新的变化。文章主要着重于对比分析公共部门和私营部门员工伦理意思水平差异和伦理行为差异,提出管理在提高伦理水平作用,并以腐败这个具体不论理行为为例进行分析。
 

商业道德
 

INTRODUCTION
 

What is ethics?
 

Ethics is a branch of Philosophy which addresses questions about morale; i.e about concepts morally what is good or bad ,right or wrong etc. An ethical statement can assert that some particular thing or action is right or may be wrong. Ethics can bring about the difference between good and bad characters or dispositions. It may propound few principles which help in more detailed judgments of these sorts, might be inferred - for example that we ought always aim at the general happiness or try to minimize the total suffering of all sentient beings. That it is correct for everyone to look after themselves. Every such statement expresses ethical judgments of different degrees of generality. [J L Mackie 1977]
 

Business ethics
 

Business ethics is that which examines ethical principles, morala or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and business organizations as a whole.
 

Origin of Ethics:
 

The systematic study of what is morally right or wrong can determine that ethics might have originated when humans started to lead the best way of life. This reflective stage emerged once morality creeped into the human society, usually in the form of customary standards of right and wrong conduct. Such customs lead this process of reflection, even if it found them waiting. Ethics also began to come into the picture with the invent of moral codes. [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/194023/ethics]
 

The history of Business ethics can vary depending on the situation or the object under discussion. The history also depends a lot on the historian, the way he or she conceives the subject, what facts he or she seeks to discover or has at hand, and the relative importance the historian gives to those facts. The term 'business ethics' is used in a lot of different ways. In this broad sense the application of everyday moral or ethical norms to business can be considered as Business ethics. ( De George, nd), Many business persons are strongly influenced by their religious beliefs and the ethical norms that they have been taught as part of their religion, and apply these norms in their business activities. Business ethics focuses on the moral or ethical actions of individuals. Many people discussing business ethics, immediately resort to examples of immoral or unethical activity by individuals or by an organization. It also includes the criticism of multinational corporations which make use of child labor or pay very low wages to employees in less developed countries or who utilize suppliers that run sweat shops.(责任编辑:BUG)



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