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研究和风险管理的概述

时间:2016-05-06 16:48来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

研究和风险管理的概述
Study And Overview Of Risk Management

 

在当今的企业世界中,管理风险是企业经济中的一个重要组成部分。“风险”是指不确定的未来的情况或可能产生不利影响的情况下,组织的项目或过程中可能出现的情况(Ridley和钱宁1999)。里德利J和Channing J(1999)风险管理,Butterworth Heinemann,牛津。在任何企业,由于它重要的是要强调参与风险管理的各种措施,全球风险不断在全球竞争中提高并购,如:控制、识别、规划、观察、定量分析和定性(Dickson 1991)迪克森G(1991)风险分析(第二版)威瑟比,伦敦。通过有效地处理风险,这个过程可以减少不良事件的发生。风险管理是任何组织计划策略的主要骨干。这是一个可重复的,有组织的程序,识别和分析的解决风险,以减少其后果的过程。然而,在当今世界,技术的发展已经影响了风险管理在获取大量知识跨部门(Singleton和霍夫登岛1987)单W T和霍夫登岛J(1987)风险与决策,约翰威利和儿子,纽约。

风险管理工具识别出风险的正面和负面的特点而采取的法律风险措施(惠普尔1987)惠普尔(1987),科学出版社,伦敦。我的研究主要集中在今天的投资银行公司在资产管理过程中,如何使用风险管理工具。然而,资产在任何组织中扮演一个非常重要的角色,其中包括股票、债务、债券、外汇交易、临时信贷、证券、抵押贷款等,对本组织至关重要。在研究过程中,我想讨论的过程中所涉及的各种风险和采取的措施,作出正确的决定。

In today’s corporate world handling management risk is a key component in the business economy. The term ‘risk’ denotes to uncertain future situations or situations that may unfavorably affect an organizations project or within the process if they arise (Ridley and Channing 1999).Ridley J and Channing J (1999) Risk Management, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. In any corporate world risk constantly keeps merging with the raise in global competition because of which it is important to emphasis on the various measures involved in risk management such as: controlling, identifying, planning, observing, analyzing quantitative and qualitative (Dickson 1991) Dickson G (1991) Risk Analysis, (second edn) Witherby, London. By handling the risk effectively, the process can reduce the happening of an adverse event. Risk management is considered to be one of the main backbones for any organizations to plan a strategy. It is a repeatable, organized procedure which identifies and analytically addresses risks to reduce their consequence on process. However, in today’s world, growth in technology has impacted on the risk management in acquiring vast knowledge across the sectors (Singleton and Hovden 1987) Singleton W.T and Hovden J (1987) Risk and Decision, John Wiley and Sons, New York.


CONCEPTUAL UNDERPINNINGS——概念上的基础


Risk Management tool identifies both positive and negative features of risk while taking the measures (Whipple C 1987) Whipple C (1987) De Minimis Risk, Plenum Press, London. My research mainly focuses on how the Risk management tool is used in today’s investment banking companies within the Asset management process. However asset plays a very important role within any organization which involves shares, debts, bonds, foreign exchange dealings, interim credits, securities, and mortgages etc.; which are crucial to the organization. During the research I would like to discuss about the various risk involved within the process and the steps taken to make the right decision. Also to analyze the practical problems faced when implementing any new risk management tool control within the business. The concept mainly talks about the risk management tools, planning, identifying the risk and how is risk monitored within in the asset management process. Analyzing the cost controls while implementing the risk methods into the process. However, it is very much essential to have a planned risk management approach for every business or to a particular process.


LITERATURE REVIEW——文献综述


From the earlier days managing of risk is a very difficult issue in any administration.

Today’s economy has been affected by the recession, as a result there is a huge change in the global world. Risk is likelihood of anything which happens unkind or happening of unplanned loss or destruction.

Risk = (the possibility of any event occurring) X (the significance when it occurs)

However, by utilizing using Risk Management methodologies and control steps within the Organizations or in any process they can overcome these uncertain risks. Risk management is nothing but a handling the risk efficiently which enhances importance to the organization or to any particular process. Risk management tool is not only used for reducing the risk, it also helps to predict the forthcoming risks (Dickson C 2003) Dickson C (2003) Risk Analysis, Witherby, London. It is also known to be one of the vital parts of any business such as investment banking arena.

In simple words any individuals or organization which performance as a guarantor or mediator for any companies supplying securities including shares, debentures, bonds, dealer operations with merger and acquisition, corporate shaping and do not admit deposits or provide loans to individuals is known as Investment banks (Gordon A 1992) Gordon A (1992) Risk and the Business Environment, Witherby, London. Investment banking in today’s financial global economy is considered to be the vibrant segment which includes many advanced innovated procedures and many clients fluctuating from small business proprietors and individual investors to administrations and MNC’s, investment banking has relished extraordinary growth in current years. Almost all major business projects and civil ventures need the services of investment banks. It has become extremely complex commercial for persons who work on behalf of it! The top investment banks are Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan Chase, Deutsche Bank, Bank of America. These banks deals with mergers and acquisition, client relationship management, equity and debts capital market and third-party asset management which involves high risks with in the invest bank arena. There are various departments within the investment bank such as asset management, derivatives, corporate action, cash operations, information technology and many more.(责任编辑:anne)



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