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留学生作业范文-全球经济调控

时间:2016-09-08 16:51来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
留学生作业范文-全球经济调控
Global Economy Regulated
 
为什么全球经济监管这么差?这种状况的后果会是什么样的?
有规律地说,全球经济监管不严。这是由于一些因素的影响,主要源于明显的利益冲突之间的跨国公司(MNCs),在全球经营所产生财富的基础上,和监管机制,并试图削弱它,即主权国家。
主权国家的重要性与地域性:因为国家控制的领土,他们还控制工作在该领土的企业。然而,政府往往是官僚的、权威的、垂直整合的。他们也是在民主制度中,至少全权负责选举他们的人。相比之下,跨国公司负责全球议程,最大的财富和经济增长。
因此,他们本质上是反对的机构。本文将首先看,为什么现代经济往往是如此糟糕的监管,其次是什么影响这种糟糕的监管结构很可能在未来的认股权证。
 
Global Economy Regulated
Why is the global economy so poorly regulated? And what consequences follow from this state of affairs?
 
It is regularly asserted that the global economy is poorly regulated. This is due to a number of factors, which primarily stem from the conflict of interest apparent between multinational corporations (MNCs), who operate on the basis of generating wealth on a global platform, and the regulatory mechanism that attempts to curtail it, namely the sovereign state.
 
The importance of the sovereign state is linked to territoriality: because nation-states control territory, they also control the corporations that operate within that territory. However, governments tend to be bureaucratic, authoritative, and vertically integrated. They are also, in democratic systems at least, solely responsible to the people who elect them. By contrast, MNCs are responsible to a global agenda that maximises wealth and economic growth.
 
As such, they are inherently set against the institutions that house them. This essay will look firstly at why the modern economy tends to be so poorly regulated, and secondly at what the implications this poor regulatory structure is likely to warrant in the future.
 
The creation and development of the modern nation-state was brought about as a direct result of the Treaty of Westphalia written in 1648. According to Krasner (1993), the shift that this created in the way in which international relations was practiced was indicative of the end of medieval universalism and feudalism and the beginnings of the modern state system. In this new system, politics became territorialized and borders became more intransigent and impermeable. The nation-state was seen as a politically autonomous and sovereign entity ruled by one ruler.(责任编辑:BUG)


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