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组织文化类型分析(Organizational Culture)

时间:2015-07-20 09:54来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
组织的结构关系到人们如何分组以及向谁报告(做和管理业务的方式)。它存在两种主要类型的组织结构,正式(结构被构造区实现具体目标)和非正式(松散结构,自发的和灵活的形式)。

然而一个公司的组织文化代表的行为,组织里劳动力的态度,都代表这些雇员与他们的行为相一致。事实上,“文化”这个词包含公司的价值观、规范、系统、愿景,工作语言,信仰和习惯。因此,它会影响这个公司的人与他人互动与交流的方式。(员工、顾客、利益相关者)。由于受到内部和/或外部环境的影响,组织中存在着不同类型组织文化。例如,组织的规模、历史、目标、功能可以影响它。四种类型的组织文化是:权利文化、个体文化,角色文化、任务文化。
 
 
The organization's structure concerns how people grouped and to whom they report (way of doing and managing the business). It exist two main types of organizational structure, formal (structure is constructed to fulfil specific objectives) and informal (loosely structured, spontaneous and flexible form).
 
While the organizational culture of a company represents the behaviour and attitude of the workforce of the organization and the meanings that those employees link to their acts. In fact, the word ''culture'' incorporate the values, norms, systems, visions, working language, beliefs and habits of the company. Consequently, it affects the way the people of the company interact and communicate with others (employees, customer, stakeholders).
 
There are different types of organizational culture as it can be influenced by internal and/or external environment. For example, the size, the history, the goals, the function, the location, etc… of the organization could influence it. The four types of organizational culture are the power culture, the person culture, the role culture and the task culture.
 
The role culture is the most common one (especially in the large organizations). The employee's activities will be strongly influenced by clear and detailed job descriptions (what is expected from them). It implies that the company will be split into different departments (functions). Thus, each employee (within a department) will be assigned a particular role. The advantages of using the role culture are the fact that the employees are getting specialized as they focus only on one task (assigned by their job). Moreover, it will generally entail an augmentation of the company's productivity. When looking at the characteristics of the role culture we can affirm that it rather correspond to functional and divisional structure.(责任编辑:BUG)


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