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从军事战争的后勤学看现代商业的物流管理(留学毕业论文)

时间:2015-06-16 10:37来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

Business The Logistic System

从历史上看,国家已经使用军事力量来实现其国家目标和发展方向。为此,后勤战略和策略构成了一个重要的子部门,以提高国家的竞争力。因此军事历史的发展对于学生掌握后勤的细微差别有一定的影响力,影响现代社会的本质和现代战争作战理念。本文就围绕这一问题进行细致探讨。
 

CHAPTER 1
 

INTRODUCTION
 

Historically, nation states have used military power as an instruement of state to achieve their national aims & objectives. Towards that end, logistics along with strategy and tactics constitute an important sub division of the practical art of war fighting" [1]. It therefore evolves upon students of military history to grasp the nuances of logistics, the way it affects the very essence of modern, contemporary war fighting philosophy.
 

To begin with, it is not incorrect to say that the military activity known as logistics is probably as old as war itself. The word logistics is derived from the Greek adjective, "logistikus" meaning "skilled in calculating". Research indicates that the first use of the word with reference to an organised military administrative service was by the French writer Jomini who served as a staff officer in Napoleon's army. In 1838, he set down logistics as one of the six branches of the military art, the other five being statesmanship in its relationship to war, strategy or art of properly directing masses upon the theatre of war, grand tactics, engineering and minor tactics. He included the phrase 'it is the execution of strategic and tactical enterprises' in his definition of logistics. In short, he devised a theory of war upon the trinity of strategy, ground tactics and logistics. He defined it as "practical art of moving armies" [2].
 

Based on the experience gained over the years, the term was redefined in 1968 wherein Logistics was referred to as the art and science of creating and maintaining a military capability. It consists of the process of determining requirements, acquisitions, distributions and maintenance of materials". As regards, our Indian manuals, they define logistics as the science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces"[3]. In today's usage, logistics is the function of providing all the material and services that a military force needs in "Peace or War". Logistics, therefore, covers a wide canvas & broadly includes all military activities, other than strategy and tactics. It would therefore, be prudent to refer to logistics as the bridge between our combat troops and the industry & natural resources of our country.
 

Logistics perse is a key element of Doctrine, too, which describes it as a process that consists of planning and executing the movement and sustenance of operating forces in executing a military strategy and operations. It is essentially moving, supplying and maintaining military forces and is basic to the ability of armies, fleets and air forces to operate - indeed to exist. It has a direct bearing on a country's capability to support a national strategy [4].(责任编辑:BUG)



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