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供应链的环境管理体系(EMS)和审计系统研究

时间:2015-07-26 11:42来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
经济全球化和竞争加剧现象的出现,导致许多公司意识到在快生产和新型服务的市场上,供应链管理的重要性。在这份报告中,主要采用文献综述法分析如今企业界的两个重要部分:供应链的环境管理体系(EMS)和审计系统。此外,还会对国际标准化组织(ISO)进行讨论,关于逆向物流和供应链活动以及这个地区的可持续发展情况。

物流和供应链活动已给我们的生活环境造成重大影响。例如,过量的碳排放已经改变了的环境景观,破坏了生态系统。本土森林减少和气候也受到破坏,从而对农业和粮食生产造成影响。因此物流和运输造成的结果引起了重大立法国家甚至是国际组织的重视。通过国际组织力拓、京都和哥本哈根会议商讨后,改善环境绩效的目标已设定。(Greenlogistics,2000 - 2012)。

在第二部分,将讨论关于在供应链中审计系统的重要性和为供应链提供了哪一类帮助。

The emergence of the global economy and intensified competition has led many firms to recognize the importance of managing their supply chains for fast production and service innovations to the markets. In this report, I will mainly concentrate on literature on two vital parts of today's corporate world: Environmental Management System (EMS) and auditing of supply chains. Moreover, I will also going to discuss about international organisational standardisation (ISO), information about the reverse logistics and supply chain activities and the sustainable developments in this area.

Logistics and supply chain activities have been identified as having a major impact on the environment in which we all live. For example, excess carbon emission has changed the environmental landscape, by destroying the ecosystem. Indigenous forests have thinned out and changed rain patterns thus impacting farming and food production. Consequently logistics and transport have attracted significant legislation at both national and international level. Targets for improving environmental performance have been set by the international community via the Rio, Kyoto and the Copenhagen summit meetings, accessed online (Greenlogistics, 2000-2012).

And finally in the second part I will be discussing about the importance of auditing across the supply chain and what kind of benefits it is providing to the supply chain.

企业管理系统—ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS)

An EMS is thus a systematic means of assisting organisations to manage the short- and long-term impacts of their products, services, and processes on the environment. If management is committed to a philosophy of sustainable developments (SD) and is prepared to be proactive in implementing appropriate programs in an era that promotes the environment as a value (Link and Naveh, 2006), an EMS should be helpful in transforming organisations and influencing stakeholder thinking towards the adoption of a "triple bottom line" (Elkington, 1997) of economic, environmental, and social sustainability.(责任编辑:BUG)


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