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report范文模板-供应链操作与物流管理论文

时间:2015-08-08 14:42来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
供应链和物流管理是代理商的自主功能,两者相互合作,将原材料和所需产品运送给零售商销售。伴随着最新技术的到来,供应链操作的所有层次已具有高度可见性,但仍有大量的工作需要完善。例如特易购、 LIDL和ALDI这样的零售商,在世界每个地方都有供应商。为了提高管理库存可用率的精度,供应链和物流操作水平已达到最好,且与总体业务战略相结合。在本报告中作者对三家零售商的物流管理和供应链操作进行了对比分析。文章区分了三家零售商在不同时间段的针对性目标,在此基础上完成了相应分析。随着时间的流逝,作者对最新技术的采用会特别的关注。
 
Supply chain and logistic management is a autonomous function of agents and entities working together to bring material and product in order to ship it retail outlet for sale, with the arrival of latest technology supply chain operation had become highly visible at all level but there is still lots of work needs doing. Retailers like Tesco, LIDL and ALDI had their supplier across world. In order to manage high accuracy for stock availability, supply chain and logistic operation has to best and aligned with overall business strategy. In this report author had performed comparative analysis of logistic and supply chain operation of all three retailers. Analysis had been done on the basis of moved by all three retailers in different duration of time with targeted perspective. Author made special focus on steps taken toward latest technology adoption with time over certain intensions.
 
乐购的物流运作—LOGISTIC OPERATION OF TESCO:
 
Tesco had tried RFID in its Cambridge store on Gillette Mach 3 razors in January, 2003. Company had also extended its operation to track DVDs as a process of trial in Sandhurst, Bershire. According to Tesco Director for group technology we are in a process of developing standards that would allow us to understand supply chain. In case of RFID for DVDs, each DVD have unique tag that would be activated by shelf reader, when product is moved to shelves from back store or when product got purchased leading to an activation of signal for central computer system for appropriate action (Newsletter, 2003). In 2007, Tesco had re-engineered its entire supply chain in order to make common system foundation for all store across world. Major focus would be on continuous replenishment monitor and continuous in store inventory control (Newsletter, 2007). Tesco was strongly lacking in term of communication and visibility before implementing IP (internet protocol) network program. IP network had greatly facilitated communication among stores and warehouses. This move was taken in mid of 2008 and cost about £100m (Newsletter, 2008). According to Tesco IT director Jon Higgion, Global supply chain have become more and more complex, therefore companies that integrate effective network with their suppliers naturally obtain competitive advantage. Tesco emphasize over common infrastructure, so that it could easily be aligned with suppliers at all levels (Newsletter, 2007). Due to changing nature of business, its absolutely vital to have good visibility in entire supply chain with appropriate instant level of decision assisting technologies. In order to boost visibility Tesco had signed £28m deal with CA technology to install equipment's and software that would improve visibility of entire supply chain. Tesco had also realize that its infrastructure is complex and time consuming therefore, move was desired in order to consolidate consistent service experience. This deal was also targeted to map devices in entire supply chain spectrum at any time. New system would also facilitate issues that may effect delivery services and fix any potential error that may do so (Newsletter, 2011). Tesco describe its trading policy and dealing elements with its suppliers by projecting customer satisfaction as key driving element. Tesco Fairly has been integrated to all level of operations showing key form of broad strategy toward corporate responsibility. Tesco describe four key principles to as driving elements when dealing with suppliers. Values, monitoring, improvement and Transparency: Tesco ensures great values sharing when working with suppliers. Tesco concentrate over monitoring working environment of their supplier. Instead of pressurizing supplier for better value and low price, Tesco provide assistance to its suppliers and finally transparency to make honest and open work being at all level of supply chain (Tesco, 2012). A survey conducted by IGD on supply chain practice suggest that Tesco is the best in class retailer in term of supply chain management followed by P&G. Survey had included numerous factors like growth, customer focus, district business model, integrated supply chain and level of strong collaborative relationship. Other best class retailer includes Aldi, ASDA and LIDL (Vending international, 2006). Bakery is one of most critical element of entire supply chain and there is no absolute way to maintain sale and waste unless Tesco had adopted a new system called GXS's intelligent web-forms. Test was performed on Maclean's highland bakery resulting in improved sale and availability. Company has about 130 staff in North west of Scotland, producing extensive range of bakery products whole sales customers, international customers and for their own shop. Tesco is one of key account of Bakery who takes products on daily basis. Trail version of new system found highly successful and Maclean would use this system to other six more stores. According to Director Maclean, serving fresh bakery product across highland is quite challenging and demanding. Deployment of new system facilitates each serving store to login and fill up requirement for each following day. This system provides real time assistance in case of substantial changes required to make in following order (Logistic manager, 2011). In order to maintain continuous standard, Tesco had adopted strict policy for enforcing strong standards. Tesco had introduced ethical standards to its entire supplier with assessment protocols. Suppliers get supplied with "supplier started pack", a guide that present standard Tesco always intend to implement. Tesco had systematic method to approve all new suppliers. Every supplier have to have ability to meet project standards. Prior to starting supply chain, Tesco perform risk analysis for every supplier. Tesco perform ethical audit to every supplier on annual basis. Ethical standard had two basic purposes: first is to avoid duplication of brand and secondly to maintain the process of continuous improvement. Tesco always intended to build and long lasting relationship. This could only be possible by embedding practice audit and training as pivotal process of suppliers. Tesco make significant amount of spending for skill development plan and considered as one of core element of ethical trade strategy. Due highly availability of suppliers Tesco nominate and distinguish different supplier with Gold, Silver and Bronze category. Data had build IT based system for introducing transparency using supplier data exchange method (Tesco, 2012).(责任编辑:huiyinad)


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