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物流对南非经济的影响

时间:2015-10-06 12:44来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
物流对南非经济有着重要的影响。物流成本逐年增加,很多南非的基础设施也有了改善的空间。物流成本中包含全部的物流活动,物流活动包括采购、物料搬运、包装、仓储管理、库存控制、订单处理、物流运输、运输、逆向物流、客户服务、需求预测、工厂和选址等。南非在全球自由市场上竞争,这使它更愿意地提高其物流成本,因为我们是一个发展中国家,在与发达国家的竞争。物流和供应链管理应通过时间和地点效用增加价值,促进整体竞争力。时间效用可以通过在正确的时间生产商品来增加。地点效用可以通过将货物移动到需求最大的地方来增加。 应消除非增值活动,增加可增值活动。非增值活动包括运输和仓储,增值活动有服务和质量改进。协调五种物流活动:购买、销售、制造、移动和存储,可减少生产周期和订货提前期。南非的进口和出口受到了我们目前的基础设施的影响,这将再次阻碍我们的全球竞争力。 这指的是我们的主要工业中心——约翰内斯堡。国际足联世界杯有望成为2010年南非大事件中的一个,这将产生巨大的物流影响,对南非公司和整个国家的物流来说既有挑战又有机遇。
 
物流的价值
 
物流使南非经济增加的价值应该大于成本,而且应该有助于我们国家的整体竞争力和可持续性。实现这一可持续性的途径是有效地协调私营部门和公共部门,改善流程和改变结构。
 
Logistics on south african economy
 
Logistics has a major impact on the South African Economy. Logistics costs have been increasing from year to year and a lot of South Africa's infrastructure has room for improvement. Logistics cost entail cost of logistics activities which include procurement, materials handling, packaging, warehouse management, inventory control, order processing, logistics communications, transport, reverse logistics, customer service, demand forecasting and plant and site selection. South Africa competes globally in the free-market and this gives it more initiative to improve its logistics costs because we are a developing country competing against developed countries. Logistics and supply chain management should add value through time and place utility contributing to overall competitiveness. Time utility is the value added by goods being made available at the correct time. Place utility is the value added by moving goods to where the demand is greatest. Non-value adding activities should be eliminated and value adding activities enhanced. Non-value adding activities include the transport and warehousing, and value adding activities are service and quality improvements. The production cycle and order lead time can be reduced by coordinating the five logistics activities which include buying, selling, making, moving and storing. South Africa's imports and exports suffer due to our current infrastructure which once again hinders our global competitiveness. This refers to the location of our major industrial hub which is Johannesburg. The Fifa World Cup is expected to be one of the greatest events in South Africa in 2010 and this has huge logistical impacts which will be both challenging to South African companies and positive to the countries development in logistics.(责任编辑:cinq)


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