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第三方物流服务提供商行业的戏剧性变化

时间:2017-05-16 17:39来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
第三方物流合作,三方之间的关系,买方的货物,供应商的这些货物和物流服务供应商移动和/或储存货物之间的买家和供应商。
在过去的二十年左右,第三方服务提供商行业发生了巨大变化。一个为客户提供多种物流服务的公司,第三方物流供应商是外部的客户公司,并为其服务进行补偿。外包的程度各不相同,外包活动的复杂性差异很大。第三方物流安排盖简单的公平交易关系涉及几个一切,而不是简单的物流活动,先进的物流解决方案,包括增值活动如途中合并设置。已经写了很多关于物流的关系,主要是托运人和接收人之间的货物,至少在市场研究领域以及物流研究领域内。然而,在普通的黑社会建立关系,托运人和承运人和接收机和载波之间,很少被覆盖(有2001家)。
 
A logistics triad is a cooperative, three-way relationship between a buyer of goods, the supplier of those goods and a logistics service provider moving and/or storing the goods between buyer and supplier.
 
During the last two decades or so, the third-party service provider industry has changed dramatically. A company that provides multiple logistics services for its customers, whereby the Third-party logistics provider is external to the customer company and is compensated for its services. The degree of outsourcing varies and the outsourced activities differ greatly in complexity. The third-party logistics arrangements cover straightforward arm's-length relationships involving everything from a few, rather simple logistics activities to advanced logistics solutions including value-added activities such as merge-in-transit setups. Much has been written about relationships in logistics, primarily between the shipper and the receiver of the goods, not least within the marketing research area as well as within the logistics research area. However, the relations in the common triad setup, between the shipper and the carrier and between the receiver and the carrier, have rarely been covered (Stank & House 2001).
 
A 4PL is an independent, singularly accountable, non asset based integrator of clients Supply and demand chains. The 4PL's role is to implement and manage a value creating Business solution through control of time and place utilities and influence on form and Possession utilities within the client organization. Performance and success of the 4PL's Intervention is measured as a function of value creation within the client organization (Andarski, 1998).
 
Third Party Logistics provider is a supply chain integrator that assembles and manages the resources, capabilities and technology of its own organization with those of complementary service provider to deliver a comprehensive supply chain solution.
 
3PL is emerging as a path to achieve more than the one time operating cost reductions and asset transfers of a traditional outsourcing arrangement. 3PL organizations can create unique and comprehensive supply chain solutions that cannot be achieved by any single provider. 3PL can be described as the complete outsourcing of the logistics function including procurement of service providers. 3 PL companies are suppliers which have the expertise to manage resources, value delivery processes and technology for their clients in order to allow their clients to totally outsource their logistics management activity. The 4PLs do not compete with 3PLs as they have superior expertise in their respective fields by virtue of their investment and specialization (Bagchi & Virum, 1998).(责任编辑:BUG)


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