British literature has a long history, and a long, complex evolutionary process. In this process, the literature noumenon outside of the various realistic, history, politics, and culture with the power of influence on literary happen, internal follow their rules of literature, after Anglo-Saxon, Renaissance, new classicism and romanticism, realism, modernism and so on the different historical stages. To the development process of English literature reviewed.
A, medieval literature (about 5 th century-1485)
British initial literature with other countries the original literature, is not written, but spoken. Stories and legends orally, and in telling the constantly in processing, expand, and finally the writing is. The 5 th century, anglian, Saxon, jutes three Germanic tribes started from Denmark, and now the Dutch area ingoing Britain. Anglo-Saxon times left us with Old English literary works, the most important one is the bei Mr WuFu "(Beowulf), it is considered to be the nation's epic. "The Olympic WuFu" tells the hero WuFu bell cut demon in addition to evil, and to fight the dragon story, has the myth legend. This work is drawn from Germanic folk tales, with Anglo-Saxon invasion into Britain today, now what we see of poetry is the early eighth century by England poets write decide, at the time, the British are in the middle ages pagan society to Christian culture as the leading to new social transition period. Therefore, the bei Mr WuFu "also reflect the 7, 8 th century British life style, present a new and old way of life mixed, with clan period of heroism and feudal period of ideal, reflected the Christian Germanic culture and Christian culture two different traditions.
In 1066, living in the northern France in Normandy William led the duke across the English channel, to conquer England. Normandy occupation after England, feudal system to strengthen and complete, the French cultural dominant, French become palace and the upper aristocratic society of the language. This period a fad form of literature is romantic legend, and the most popular about king Arthur and the knights of the story. The GaoWen jazz and Green Knight "(Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, 1375-1400) to king Arthur and his knights as subject matter, sing praise to brave, loyalty, virtue, is the most beautiful legend middle English one of work. Epic literature about the special noble knight experience of adventures and romantic love, is the feudal social development to mature stage social ideal embodiment.
14 centuries later, British capitalist industry and commerce is developing fast, bourgeois rise, English gradually returned to its reputation, all levels of the society generally use English, for excellent English literature produce provided a condition. JieFuLi Chaucer (Geoffrey Chaucer, 1343-1400) marks the emergence of local literature in the UK for the mainstream literature in written form the beginning of history. The Canterbury Tales (The Canterbury Tales) to a group of pilgrims from London set out to Canterbury pilgrimage for clues, through to The vivid and they describe patrons of The story along The way, draw The outline of a medieval England social life style appearance condition drawing. Chaucer hero is the first poem, namely iambic pentameter double rhyme body, for English poetry has made a great contribution to rhythm, and was known as "the father of English poetry." Chaucer style of writing concise beautiful, smooth and natural, he's creative practice English will be promoted to a higher level of literature, promote the English as the national language of British unified process.(责任编辑：BUG)