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英国论文之:研究伊朗革命媒体

时间:2015-12-26 18:38来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
研究伊朗革命
 
1979年2月巴列维被推翻→1979年12月霍梅尼成为伊朗的最高领袖→1980年萨达姆袭击伊朗→1980年9月- 1988年阿拉伯国家进入战争冲突的意识形态。
 
以上的时间线作为一个基本结构,以时间顺序排列事件,塑造了我们现代阿拉伯世界的联盟。本文将重点放在伊朗革命期间,特别是在1980伊朗伊拉克战争期间。这将对媒体进行分析,通过仔细观察在海湾地区两国在不同的政治体制下的差异。
 
阿拉伯媒体在这段时间内跟我们现有了解的有些不同。它在网点和内容上面经历了一个严重的增长。 今天我们看到的各种民营报纸公开反对自己国家的政权,如Al基法阿拉比黎巴嫩报纸。 然而,在几年后,大多数媒体都将是国有化的。即使不属于国家所有,个人私有财产也不会反对。周而复始,独家消息与他们的利益有着密切相关联系。由于国家规定的限制,反对党在其境内施加影响面临挑战。
 
Post-Islamic革命时代:
 
1979年阿拉伯地区政治动荡,尤其是墨西哥湾。 伊朗世俗政权的国王穆罕默德•礼萨•巴列维刚刚被取代,史'ism的领导倾向于更伊斯兰。 对于海湾地区,这是一个危险的威胁,什叶派渗透到他们逊尼派统治的国家。本文提出了一个案例研究,在海湾不同的政治制度对媒体的影响,反过来说,媒体提供给海湾观众的产品。 
 
A Study On Iranian Revolution Media Essay
 
February 1979 Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi is overthrown → December 1979 Ruhollah Khomeini becomes Supreme Leader of Iran → September 1980 Saddam attacks Iran → 1980 - 1988 The Arab states enter a war of clashing ideologies.
 
The timeline above serves as a basic structure to the chronological sequence of events that shaped the alliances of our modern day Arab world. This paper will focus on the time period of the post Iranian Revolution, specifically during the 1980 Iran-Iraq war. It will present an analysis of the media by taking a closer look at two states in the Gulf, each with a different political regime.
 
Arab Media during the time frame above was one very much different than what we have today. It has experienced a serious growth in its outlets and their content. Today we see various privately owned newspapers openly opposing their country's regime such as the Al-Kifah Al-Arabi Lebanese newspaper. Going back a few decades, however, most of the media was state-owned. What wasn't owned by the state was, moreover, private property of individuals that did not oppose the state. Circulation of news was, therefore, exclusive to states and coinciding with their interests. Opposition groups faced a challenge in exerting influence within their borders because of the restrictions imposed by the state.
 
Post-Islamic革命时代-Post-Islamic Revolution Era
 
1979 marked a period of political unrest in the Arab region, especially the Gulf. Iran had just replaced the secular regime of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi with a more Islamic-oriented leadership leaning toward Shi'ism. For the Gulf, this presented a perilous threat of Shiite infiltration into their Sunni-ruled states. This paper presents a case study of two different political systems in the Gulf, their effect on the media and in turn, the product the media delivers to its audience in the Gulf. 
 
In particular, the media in Saudi and Kuwait will be looked at on a more analytical level. Both of these countries are located in the Gulf; yet, they represent two different ways in dealing with a similar problem; Kuwait with its democratic media and privately owned newspapers vs. the state-operated media of Saudi Arabia. It aims to show how even democratic regimes can impose censorship when they feel that national security is in jeopardy and Kuwait is such an example. These two countries, although far from being an exact representation of the Arab Media, give a general impression of how countries may change both their domestic and foreign policy in times of crisis. The Arab media, hence, becomes a market place of different ideas and ideologies waiting to be sold to the consuming Muslim and Arab public.
 
From the Iranian Revolution was born an ideology that contested with the pan-Arab flag which Iraq “sought to uphold after Egypt's fall from grace.”[1] This ideology aimed for a purely Islamic state to emerge as a leader and thus aimed to export this Islamic Revolution to other Arab countries. “Iran's claims to leadership of the world's oppressed Muslims put it at odds with Iraq”[2] and the rest of the Arab world causing shifts of alliances and critical changes in foreign policy. The Revolution was at first able to move the Arab masses through appealing to their religious pride and frustration with the Arab governments. Arab states, however, were unpleased with this turn of events. Hence, they embarked on an internal war with their own people whose public opinion was generally pro the Islamic Revolution. The Arab world saw that the dominance of the radical Shiite movement in Iran posed a threat to their own regimes. According to Maryam Panah's Global Dimensions of the Iranian Revolution, “It is the drive of revolutionary regimes to export revolution and change the configuration of the international system that threatens the vital interests of those who wield social and political power.” [3] The social and political power in the Gulf belongs to the Elite, comprised of Sheikhs and wealthy families. Thus, these government officials were faced with the dilemma of competing with the Iranian government to win their people's support. It is during the period of the Iran-Iraq war that the media comes to present itself as the optimal weapon for the containment of the Islamic Revolution.(责任编辑:anne)


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