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英国论文范文:国际货币基金组织的历史

时间:2016-09-09 16:58来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
英国论文范文|国际货币基金组织的历史
History about the International Monetary Fund
 
重建国民经济统计的工作是在第二次世界大战结束。国际货币基金组织负责监督国际货币体系,以确保汇率稳定和所有成员国消除贸易壁垒的限制。
当20世纪30年代大萧条时期,各国试图支撑他们失败的经济体。他们用本国货币贬值促进其他出口市场的竞争,在国外贸易壁垒大幅增加,削减他们的公民自由持有外汇。这些尝试证明自己是失败的。世界贸易急剧下降,就业和生活水平下降。
国际货币合作中的破裂,导致国际货币基金组织计划的创始人和国际货币体系监督机构。这是汇率制度,而且还允许他们的国家和他们的公民每年购买商品和服务,通过使用国际支付系统。新的全球实体将确保汇率稳定,并鼓励其成员消除贸易壁垒的限制。
 
 
The works of rebuilding national economies stats as the Second World War ends. The IMF oversees the international monetary system to ensure exchange rate stability and all members to eliminate barriers to trade foreign exchange restrictions.
 
When 1930s years in the 20th century, the Great Depression, countries try to support their failing economies. They use the national currency depreciated by the competition for each other export markets, substantial increase in foreign trade barriers, cut their civil liberties to hold foreign exchange. These try to prove self-defeating. Sharp decline in the world trade (see chart below), employment and falling living standards, many countries.
 
This rupture in the international monetary cooperation causes the founder of the IMF program and the international monetary system oversight bodies. This is the system of the exchange rate, but also allows their country and their citizens buy goods and services each year by using the international payment system. The new global entity will ensure exchange rate stability, and to encourage its members to eliminate barriers to trade in the exchange restrictions.
 
 
The Bretton Woods agreement 布雷顿森林协定
 
The IMF was conceived in July 1944, when the northeastern United States on behalf of 45 countries in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, the city attended the meeting, agreed on the framework of international economic cooperation, after World War II established. In their view, such a framework is necessary to avoid in this area led to the disastrous economic policies of the Great Depression repeat.
 
When its first 29 member countries signed its Articles of Agreement, the IMF came into formal existence in December 1945. It began on March 1, 1947 operation. In the same year, France became the first country from the International Monetary Fund loans. Member of the International Monetary Fund began to expand in the late 20th century, 50 and 60 years, many African countries after independence, in order to apply to join. However, the Cold War limited the Soviet sphere of influence in the absence of a member to join the Fund, in most countries.(责任编辑:BUG)


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