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英国论文格式|金砖四国和印度的机遇与挑战(7)

时间:2016-09-16 17:47来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
 
(f) Delay in supply of equipment has been a constant problem. The deadlines set for the supply of Su-30 MKI and up-gradation of MiG-21 to MiG-21-93 level were not met. The problem of availability of spares on time remains acute till today with complaints of sub standard systems and spares being supplied.
 
(g) In the defence acquisition, the contractual obligations are not met, for instance Tangushka, Air Defence system.
 
(h) Russia is apprehensive of India's diversified defence equipment sources.
 
China
 
"We (China) will stay on the path of open development and further expand the breadth and depth of opening-up. We will deepen the level of opening-up in the coastal areas, accelerate opening-up in the inland areas and upgrade opening-up in the border areas [29] ." Chinese President Hu Jintao
 
The Chinese economy is the world's second largest economy surpassing the Japanese economy in 2010. It is the fastest-growing economy, with average growth rate of 10% for the past two decades. It is the largest exporter and second largest importer in the world. The two most important sectors are agriculture and industry. In fact china is considered as the Shop floor of the world. China is largest creditor in the world and owns approximately 25% of US Treasury Bonds. [30] China understands that it has to play more active role in international affairs to sustain its double digit growth, thus China has started engaging actively with energy and resource rich countries to include Brazil, Russia and India. The emergence of China is marked by consistent economic growth, restructuring of its state owned enterprises, industrial and infrastructure development, growing foreign direct investment and positive trade balance. The effect of economic reforms with export led strategy has paved the way for phenomenon of Chinese growth.
 
As per experts the rise of India and China is changing the global balance. Together they account for more than 40 % of world's working age population and more than 19 % of global economy in Purchasing Power Parity term. It is believed by experts that Asia's place in the world depends on how India and China work together as they rise and avoid ending up in opposite camps. To exploit the opportunity each offer for sustained economic growth they should not be paranoid and suspicious instead co-operate and compete economically and progress further. However India's perceptions and policies with respect to China, as well as Sino-Indian relations, have determined and defined by two critical events
 
(a)The Sino - Indian war of 1962.
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