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英国留学论文代写|欧盟福利政策将提高欧盟经济体的效率

时间:2016-09-21 09:46来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
英国留学论文代写|欧盟福利政策将提高欧盟经济体的效率
Eu Welfare Policy Would Enhance The Efficiency Of Eu Economies 
 
根据罗马条约,社会政策仍然主要是在国家事务中,因为国家没有设法达成妥协,他们的社会政策的协调。一个罗马条约的主要成就是对欧洲社会基金的建立提供(ESF)。它的目标是相当狭隘的,主要关注的是简化了工人的就业,增加了他们的流动性,在社会上和他们的适应变化的职业培训。
在1987年单一的欧洲法案中引入了符合条件的多数投票在不同领域的欧洲社会政策,特别是工作环境(健康和安全)。
 
2.1 - European Social policy
According to the Treaty of Rome, the social policies remained mostly under national affair, as the countries didn't manage to reach a compromise about the harmonization of their social policies. One of the main achievements of the Treaty of Rome is the provision about the establishment of the European Social Fund (ESF). [1] Its goal was quite narrow, being mainly concerned with the simplification of the employment of workers, the increase of their mobility in the Community and their adaptation to change by means of vocational training. [2] 
 
In 1987 the Single European Act introduced the qualified majority voting in different areas of European social policy regarding especially the working environment (health and safety of workers). [3] 
 
The Maastricht treaty is a further step of reforming the European social policy. The Maastricht Social Protocol (Social Chapter) increased the range of competences of the Community in social affairs; moreover, the qualified majority voting was extended in more areas then before. In 1997 the provisions of the Social Agreement were introduced in the Amsterdam Treaty and that is binding for all. Finally, the Nice Treaty hasn't brought significant changes in terms of social policy. [4] 
 
The Lisbon Summit gave a new boost to the further development of the European social policy. The Open Method of Coordination (OMC) is defined as an instrument of the Lisbon Strategy. It's the new tool of governance aimed at the coordination and harmonization of the social policies. [5] It is based on the European guidelines, which are transferred into national action plans. The OMC established common indicators for comparing the best practices. The evaluation and review of the national plans are periodically organized at the European level. [6] 
 
2.2 - European social models
The period following the World War II is marked by the significant growth of the welfare states. During this period the European countries started to spend more on social protection programs, directed mainly to people under social and financial risks, such as the unemployed, older people, and people with disabilities or low income. [7] Pestieau mentions that the two most important objectives of the welfare state are to relieve poverty and to provide a sense of security to all. However, he also emphasizes the fact that the assistance and insurance are not its only objectives, as some of its programs can also have effects on macroeconomic stabilization and growth. [8] (责任编辑:BUG)


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