返回首页

英国留学paper范文|商业周期的阶段和原因

时间:2016-11-23 16:28来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
商业周期的阶段和原因
Stages And Causes Of The Business Cycle 
 
根据Burns和米切尔是第一个调查经济波动的现代研究方法,经济波动是一个连续的模型,经济衰退,复苏,增长和下降的经济活动从一个长期的趋势。该模型的连续性证明的表达式“周期性波动”和“商业周期”,虽然动作既不恒定的持续时间也不恒定的长度。
经济学家对经济波动的看法随着时间的变化而变化,根据不同的思想流派(经济科学是一种社会科学,所有的社会科学都有政治经济的味道)。
在凯因斯之前,研究者对经济波动中观察到的繁荣时期和危机时期。然而,这种歧视并没有表达现实,因为在经济增长时期,这是合理的,将有繁荣,但是它也有可能与失业并存的,一个指标,是在危机的核心。这有一个结果,这两个表达式(繁荣和危机)被替换的表达式“峰值”和“低谷”。高峰对应的是经济增长的最后一个时间段的GDP的最大值。同样,低谷对应的最后一个时间段,有减少的经济活动。
 
According to Burns and Mitchell(1946), who were the first that investigate the modern research methods of the economic fluctuations, economic fluctuations is a continuous model of recession, recovery, growth and decline of the economic activities around from a long-term trend. The continuous character of this model justifies the expressions 'cyclical fluctuations' and 'business cycle' although the movements have neither constant duration nor constant length.
 
The perception that the economists had about the economic fluctuations changed with time and differs according to different schools of thought(the economic science is a social science and all the social sciences have political economy flavour).
 
Before Keynes, the researchers of the economic fluctuations observed prosperity periods and crises periods. However, in 1930 economists understood that this discrimination didn't express the reality because during the growth period it is reasonable that there will be prosperity .However, it is also possible for the prosperity to coexist with unemployment , an indicator that is in the core of the crisis. That has an a consequence these two expressions (prosperity and crisis) to be replaced with the expressions 'peak' and 'trough'. The peak corresponds to the maximum point of GDP of the last time period of the economic growth. Similarly, the trough corresponds to the last time period where there is reduction in the economic activity.
 
I would like to define and explain some terms that I will use to my later analysis and are fundamental in the understanding of the business cycle and the economic fluctuations.(责任编辑:BUG)


------分隔符-------------------------------------
UK Thesis Base Contacts
推荐内容

Europe (24-hours)
EN:13917206902
china (24-hours)
CN:13917206902
在线客服团队
全天候24小时在线客服 QQ:923678151

微信在线客服(24小时)

微信公众订阅号