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英国硕士毕业论文:货车司机员工离职率的实证研究

时间:2016-12-29 09:05来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
本章包括研究背景、问题陈述、研究问题、研究目的、研究假设和研究意义。
 
大卡车司机周转率不足和货车司机是物流业的一个关键问题,特别是对那些公司,主要集中在中短途运输的货物提供运输服务。这是因为高周转率往往带来重大影响的行业。当公司雇用新的卡车司机时,他们需要花时间招聘卡车司机.。此外,他们还需要花时间采访司机,以选择最合适的和潜在的。之后,他们需要时间来训练司机。由于高周转率,造成货运公司难以有效运作,最大限度的拖拉机和拖车的利用,满足客户需求,因为在一个特定的运输公司的火车司机都是由时间驱动的,时间不足也可能使公司达到可用容量发生。
 
CHAPTER 1
 
INTRODUCTION 简介
 
This chapter consists of the background of study, problem statement, research questions, research objectives, hypotheses and significance of study.
 
Background of study 
研究背景
High truck driver turnover rate and shortage of truck driver is a critical issue in logistics industry, especially for those companies that primarily focus on providing trucking services to transport cargo over short and medium distance. This is because high turnover rate tends to bring significant effect to the industry. When company is hiring new truck drivers, they need to spend time on recruiting truck drivers. Besides this, they also need to spend time on interviewing the driver in order to choose the most suitable and potential one. After that, they need time to train the drivers. Due to the high turnover rate, it caused trucking companies difficult to operate efficiently, maximize the utilization of the tractors and trailers to meet the customers’ requirement because truck drivers in a particular trucking company are changing from time to time and shortage of driver may also occur in the company which can cause the company underutilize the capacity available (Cassidy, 2013).
 
Impact such as high hiring cost can affect greatly on the company’s profitability. This is because the human resource department needs to cooperate with the external recruiters to recruit new truck drivers, thus they need to pay compensation to the recruiters. Besides this, company may also use advertisement to recruit new drivers, thus they need to pay for the cost of placing advertisement on newspaper, advertisement board and etc. When new truck drivers are hired, company needs to provide trainings to them in order to make sure that they perform the task according to all practices that set by the company.
 
Besides this, lower productivity due to new routes, new customers’ requirements, new company policies and etc can also cost the company as high as possible once these drivers have started their work in the new company (White, 2011). According to the American Trucking Association (ATA) report issued in December 2013, truck driver turnover cost a company five thousand dollars per driver (Clark, 2014).(责任编辑:BUG)


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