In India, Telecommunication is one of the major forces responsible for economic and social development in the country which has resulted in the successful India growth story for more than two decades. Due to Government’s proactive efforts to transform India into a global telecommunication hub; and it’s prudent Regulatory Support like the National Telecom Policy 1994, 1997 and 2012. Today India is world’s second largest telecommunication market in terms of the number of the subscribers with its strong telecom infrastructure. The number reached 9.33Mn in Mar14 from 898mn subscribers in 2013 (both fixed and mobile phone). The call tariffs are one of the lowest call world enabled due to the mega telephone networks and huge competition among the top player. Also the country has third-largest Internet user-base in the world. In our report, we will try to understand the regulations and policy framework prepared by the Government of India and other regulatory bodies which was responsible for such unprecedented growth of the Telecom sector.
The access network connecting the subscriber with the core is extensively diversified with optic-fibre, different copper-pair and wireless technologies. DTH which is a new broadcasting technology has reached significant strength in the Television segment. INSAT system of India which is one of the largest domestic satellite systems across the globe, has greatly been supported the telecom sector. There exists a highly diversified communications system in India, which links the entire country by telephone, television, radio, Internet and satellite.
Pre- Liberalisation 前自由化
Historically telecom network in India was owned and managed by Government as it is considered as a strategic service. At that time the Telecom industry was monopoly in nature. The decade of 1980's saw private sector being allowed in telecommunications equipment manufacturing. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) and Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) were formed. In the year 1989, a telecom commission was set up to give focus to telecommunications policy formation.(责任编辑：BUG)