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英国论文代写:新工党在政策上的传统家庭价值观

时间:2017-12-06 15:56来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
本论文的目的是评估和比较新工党的方式,试图通过政策和立法来恢复传统的家庭价值观,而撒切尔政府曾试图这样做。正如将要解释和分析的那样,新工党和撒切尔政府的目标和方法之间有一些相似之处,确实有一些深刻的差异。正如撒切尔政府和新工党政府深入分析的那样,他们对如何改变英国的政治、经济和社会有着广泛的看法。撒切尔政府试图通过政策和立法恢复传统家庭价值观,将首先评估其目标的成功程度,或这些目标是否失败。可以说,撒切尔政府对英国的社会、经济和政治构成或基础设施产生了巨大的影响,即使不是总是按照其本意或希望的那样。撒切尔政府还发现,他们的政策决定的后果可能是相互矛盾的,而不是对他们通过的立法的主要目标予以补充。
 
'In Comparison to the Thatcher Government, in what ways does New Labour try to bring back traditional family values through policy and legislation?'
 
Abstract 摘要
 
The objective of this dissertation is to evaluate and compare the way in New Labour is trying to bring back traditional family values through policy and legislation with the ways in which the Thatcher government had tried to do so. As will be explained and analysed there are some similarities and indeed some profound differences between the objectives and the methods of New Labour and the Thatcher governments. As will be analysed in great depth both the Thatcher government and New Labour government came to power with wide-ranging visions of how they wished to transform the politics, the economy, and the society of Britain. The Thatcher government’s attempts to bring back traditional family values through policy and via legislation will be evaluated first, in order to examine the extent to which its objectives succeeded or if those objectives failed. Arguably, the Thatcher government had a massive impact upon the social, economic, and the political make up or infrastructure of Britain, even if not always in the ways that it had intended, or had hoped for. The Thatcher government also discovered that the consequences of their policy decisions could be contradictory, rather than complimentary to the primary objectives of the legislation that they passed.
 
The latter parts of the dissertation will concentrate upon the transition of the Labour party away from its traditional economic and social policies into New Labour and how, that transition affected its policies and objectives. New Labour was a reinvention of the Labour party designed to regain power after 18 years in the political wilderness. Traditionally, the Labour party had regarded the promotion of social ownership of the means of production (the infamous clause four of its constitution); and the provision of generous benefits by the welfare state for those in need as sacrosanct policy areas. Labour governments had used progressive taxation and high public sector borrowing to pay for high social policy expenditure if that was needed. Those were the policies mainly used to maintain or bring back traditional family values by all previous Labour governments. New Labour, as will be demonstrated, turned away from the concepts of increasing levels of social ownership, and set limits for the use of progressive taxation and increasing public sector borrowing, whilst promising to reform the welfare state. The combination of these measures was intended to focus help on to those people that needed help the most. It also arguably, gives cause to debate whether New Labour is driven by its ideological principles; or if it is driven by the more selfish desire to obtain and subsequently retain governmental office. After all, as any self-respecting politician will tell anybody willing to hear them, it is no good having a vision of transforming society if there is no political office or power to do anything about enacting that vision.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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