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英国硕士论文:外国直接投资-印度和中国的比较

时间:2017-12-27 15:43来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
外国直接投资是大多数政策领域的热门话题,因为在许多情况下,它与宏观经济的重大变化以及受援国的商品和服务范围的改善有关。此外,受援国的增长经常归因于这些流入,因此,外国直接投资流入的竞争日趋激烈。大多数发展中国家和发达国家通过通过外国直接投资流入提高其在全球市场的份额来增加其经济。由于外国直接投资对国家经济的影响更大,大多数外国人在国外投资,以较少的人力和最低的初始成本提高利润。这些投资很容易通过投资者的基本需求和政策维持而实现。外国直接投资只能在满足资本转移、外国业务资金来源、控制投资和国际收支平衡等主要要求时使用。尽管发展中国家的外国直接投资流入量很低,接近5%,但通过引进新技术,这对发展计划的经济影响更大。这种变化只会发生在投资地区的环境中。在这里,在这项研究中印度和中国之间的外国直接投资流入的国家进行比较研究。进一步的研究清楚地说明是由印度和中国增加在全球市场的FDI流入,也说明,其次是相比印度政策的各个方面,大多数的投资者更喜欢中国。最后,它建议印度政府为改善其外国直接投资流入而作出的一些政策和变化。
 
Foreign Direct Investment is a hot topic in most policy circles as it is associated in many instances with significant macroeconomic changes and improvements in the range of goods and services produced in recipient countries. Furthermore growth in recipient countries is often ascribed to these inflows and so competition for higher inflows of FDI has become competitive. Most of the developing and developed countries increase their economy by enhancing their share in the global market through FDI inflows. As FDI shows more impact on the country's economy, most of the foreigners are investing their amount in other countries for improving their profits with less manpower and minimum initial cost. These inflows were easily achieved by the investors by just fulfilling their basic requirements and maintaining their policies. FDI can be used by the countries only when they meet some of the major requirements like transfer of capital, a source of funds for foreign operations, Control investment and a balance of payments flow (Nicolas, B., 2010). Even though the FDI inflows in developing countries are low that is nearly 5%, this shows more impact on the economy in terms of the development programs by introducing new technologies. This change will be occurred only in the surroundings of investment areas. Here, in this research the FDI inflows between India and China are studied by comparing both the countries. Further of this study clearly explains the various aspects that are considered by the India and China for increasing the FDI inflows in the global market and also illustrates the policies that are followed by China as most of the investors prefer China when compare to the India. Finally, it recommends some of the policies and the changes that need to be made by the Indian Government for improving its FDI inflows.(责任编辑:quanlei_cai)


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