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MBA Essay:分析大企业对经济和政治的影响以及美国对这些变化的反应

时间:2018-05-09 08:47来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
美国南北战争(1861-1865年)废除了南方的奴隶制,保证了美国的统一,为经济和政策的发展扫清了奴隶制的障碍。与此同时,西进运动扩大了国内市场,吸引了大量的欧洲移民,为他们提供了大量的劳动力。美国首次在机械零件上应用了标准化生产,提高了机床的普及率,加快了工业发展的步伐。此外,良好的地理环境和丰富的自然资源为工业的发展提供了和平的生产环境。具体地说,在美国内战后,公司在数量和影响力上有了显著的增长。大型企业实现快速发展的主要原因是大量廉价劳动力的出现和政府对新兴企业的扶持政策。
 
The Civil War (1861-1865) in United States abolished the slavery in the south and ensured the unity of the United States, which cleared the obstacles of slavery for development on both economy and policy. At the same time, the Westward movement expanded the domestic market and attracted a large number of European immigrants, which provided a lot of labor. The United State has firstly applied the standardized production on machine component, which improve the penetration rate of the machine and accelerated the pace of industrial development. Moreover, the excellent geographical environment and rich natural resource provide a peaceful production environment for the development of industrial. Specifically, in the post-Civil War United States, corporations grew significantly in number size and influence. According to Nash et al. (2010), the main reason for achieving such a rapid development on the large enterprises are the emergence of a larger number of cheap labor and the government support policies for emerging enterprises.
 
The impact of big business on the economy of United States 大企业对美国经济的影响
During the period from 1870 to 1900, the United States has developed large-scale enterprises, and became leader in the era of mass production technology. In specific, the Civil War (1861-1865) in United States abolished the slavery in the south and ensured the unity of the United States, which cleared the obstacles of slavery for development on both economy. During the post-civil War ear, there is a unified national market, the domestic market has expanded rapidly. The liberation of millions of slaves in South provided a huge labor force for the industrial. In addition, with the collapse of slavery and the infiltration of capital in the north, the southern industry has developed rapidly. At the same time, the south agriculture has provided a steady stream of industry raw materials for the north industry. The United State has firstly applied the standardized production on machine component, which improve the penetration rate of the machine and accelerated the pace of industrial development. During the post -civil war ear, the small-scale peasant economy has gradually replaced by the large-scale enterprises. The entire agriculture has realized the system mechanization, and the United States had the highest labour productivity in the world. In other words, the agriculture had not only meet the national needs, but also had a large part of agricultural products for export. For example, according to the historical statistics of the United States in 1870 to 1899, all index of food prices, fuel and lighting prices and cost of living index shown significant decrease from 1870 to 1890 and stayed relatively stable prices from 1890 to 1899. In other words, the big business made the price of agriculture down. Moreover, in the industrial production, the big business had used the integrated mass product. In specific, using the scientific management, they developed long term planning, and use the standard material with minimum cost and high quality. (责任编辑:cinq)


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