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人力资源管理论文范文

时间:2015-07-15 09:33来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien

无论在哪里人们被雇佣,都需要采用某种人员管理方式,尽管关于如何培养人才上最近几年才有了一个一致的观点。

在十九世纪末的时候,在制造业里许多工人被雇用,在那里他们不得不把大量时间和条件约束地很苛刻。在福利国家这种现象是不存在的,没有工作可能意味着贫困。

然而,即使在这种落后的时候,有些雇主没有重视自己的员工,而是在他们自己的员工面前充当一种家长式的角色。例如一些著名的巧克力制造商:吉百利、朗特里和伯恩维尔,以及肥皂制造商lever,都对自己的员工福利非常重视,并把提供医疗和教育作为他们身为一个的雇主责任的一部分。这些开明雇主往往是贵格会的信徒和一些首批福利官员的应聘者。福利军官们往往是妇女,她们不仅负责探访生病的员工,还负责监管道德福利。

Wherever people have needed to be employed there has been some form of people management, although it has only been in recent years that a consistent view has emerged on how to develop people.

At the end of the nineteenth century many workers were employed in the manufacturing sectors, where they had to put in long hours and conditions were often harsh. The welfare state did not exist and no work could mean destitution. However, even in such unenlightened times some employers did value their workers and took on a paternalist role for their employees. Such famous names as Cadbury, Rowntree and Bournville, all chocolate manufacturers, and Lever, a soap manufacturer, all took their employees` welfare very seriously and established the provision of health and education as part of their role as a responsible employer. These enlightened employers tended to be Quakers and were some of the first employers to employ welfare officers. The welfare officers were often women and were concerned not only with visiting sick employees but also with supervising moral welfare. We will take an overview of the state of debate.

辩论的状态--THE STATE OF DEBATE

The question of whether human resource management has the capacity to transform or replace deeply rooted models of personnel management and industrial relations, or could become fully worked-through theory of management, is one that cannot be answered in a simple manner. Human resource management has many cogent critics and many sceptical supporters. Initial criticism which claimed that it was `old wine new bottles` ,the restatement perspective outlined earlier in this chapter, still has strong adherents (Keenoy and Anthony, 1993). Others see it as a version of `the emperor`s new clothes` (Legge, 1989) or a `wolf sheep`s clothing` (Armstrong, 1987)(责任编辑:BUG)



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