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制造企业改革问题研究

时间:2015-08-31 16:58来源:www.ukthesis.org 作者:英国论文网 点击联系客服: 客服:Damien
制造企业的发展史显示表明,业务操作水平一直保持稳定,几乎没有发生重大变化。这是许多像福特、克莱斯勒和美国汽车这样的制造企业能够在随机变动的外部环境中生存下来的主要原因。然而,当消费者的偏好主导市场,而不是供应商的独裁统治时,这些企业的盛行只是持续到80年代早期。现在没有亨利·福特可以说没有其他制造产业可以代替它。在全球范围内,这是制造企业开始的一个新时代。
 
企业改革的必要性—Need for Organisations to change:
 
市场力量推动着消费需求的变化,迫使企业重新考虑他们的销售策略,企业经过头脑风暴讨论如何维持他们在市场上的地位。然而,制造业的严格等级制度无法确定对他们组织最重要的优先事项是什么。一些人认为是产品差异化、提高产品质量,还有人认为是一些大规模生产的有效方法。但是出乎意料的是没有人谈到生产过程中的人力资源管理,这一关键资源完全被忽视。
 
A quick look at the history of manufacturing organisations reveals that for a long period of time the business operations were stable and the frequency of any major change was very low. This is the chief reason why many manufacturing organisations like Ford, Chrysler and American Motors survived the dynamic external environment. However, the party for these organisations lasted till only the early eighties when the consumer preference dominated the market and not the supplier's dictatorship. Now no Henry Ford could say no to colours other than black. This was the onset of a new era for the manufacturing industry across the globe.
 
企业改革的必要性—Need for Organisations to change:
 
The change in market forces driving the consumer demand forced the organisations to revisit their strategy and brainstorm how they could maintain their strong foothold into the market. However, manufacturing organisations with their rigid hierarchy were unable to chalk out what is the most important priority for them. Some said it is the product differentiation, some enhanced on high product quality, and some on efficient ways of mass production. But surprisingly, no one talked about the human resources engaged in producing these goods and this critical resource was completely neglected. This trend continued till the late 90's when many companies focussed only on the high-quality processes, efficient production processes and operational efficiency. These improvements helped the organisations sustain for some more time profitably but the honeymoon was soon over, the organisations soon realised that they could not go beyond a particular level of performance, and beyond that no improvement in the operational efficiency helped. But the management gurus were soon able to identify their mistake;"The mistake of neglecting a very critical resource of Human capital"(责任编辑:huiyinad)


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