Due to Chinas big population, and the large country made it very difficult to rule the country from Beijing. The economic changes in the 1980's and the transference of the government's decisions, as well as local communist party officials enriching themselves made it extremely difficult for the government to establish its authority within the population. The political power within China has become a lot less personal, but a lot more institutionally based than it was during the first forty years of the Peoples Republic of China. Deng Xiaoping was Chinas leader for a decade. however he never was the general secretary, premier of China, or the president. Because today's leaders of China are much more limited to their institution. Today's central government leaders have to progressively more and more approve and permit new policies among party members, local leaders, regional leaders, and the population. The Chinese government controls China through the control of information. China is considered by the Chinese communist Party to be at its groundwork stages of socialism. As China is in a major transition from public ownership in which a privatized ownership is important. The privatization of housing and the freedom of choice about studies and work weakened the Communist parties control over the Chinese society. Since the social, political, cultural, and economic changes creating a new way of life. The Chinese fear the Cultural Revolution and if the Communist party looses control there will be chaos, and due to that a vital system of control made to with stand the growing stress for political change.
Today China is one of the world's top exporters and is attracting great amounts of foreign investment. The collapse in international export markets that accompanied the global financial crisis of 2009 hit China extremely hard, but this did not matter as its economy was among the first in the world to return to growth.
As a member of the World Trade Organization, China profits from access to foreign markets. But associations with trading partners have been stressed due to China's huge trade plus and the piracy of goods. Everyone is demanding the Chinese government to raise the value of its currency. This would make Chinese goods more expensive for foreign buyers and would therefore hold back exports, and that's why they have been very unwilling to make any changes. Some Chinese fear that the rise of private enterprise and the downfall of industries ran by the state that bring social costs such as unemployment and insecurity.
Moreover, the growing economy has increased the demand for energy. China is the largest consumer of oil after the US, and the world's biggest producer and consumer of coal. It spends billions of dollars in receiving energy supplies. There also has been a great investment in hydropower.