1.记叙类 Narrative Essays
This is when the writer is narrating an incident or story through the essay. So these are in the first person. The aim when writing narrative essays is to involve the reader in them as if they were right there when it was happening. So make them as vivid and real as possible. One way to make this possible is to follow the principle of ‘show, don’t tell’. So you must involve the reader in the story.
2.描述类 Descriptive Essays
Here the writer will describe a place, an object, an event or maybe even a memory. But it is not just plainly describing things. The writer must paint a picture through his words. One clever way to do that is to evoke the senses of the reader. Do not only rely on sight but also involve the other senses of smell, touch, sound etc. A descriptive essay when done well will make the reader feel the emotions the writer was feeling at the moment.
3.说明类 Expository Essays
In such an essay a writer presents a balanced study of a topic. To write such an essay, the writer must have real and extensive knowledge about the subject. There is no scope for the writer’s feelings or emotions in an expository essay. It is completely based on facts, statistics, examples etc. There are sub-types here like contrast essays, cause and effect essays etc.
4.有说服力类 Persuasive Essays
Here the purpose of the essay is to get the reader to your side of the argument. A persuasive essay is not just a presentation of facts but an attempt to convince the reader of the writer’s point of view. Both sides of the argument have to presented in these essays. But the ultimate aim is to persuade the readers that the writer’s argument carries more weight.
This is the first paragraph of your essay. This is where the writer introduces his topic for the very first time. You can give a very brief synopsis of your essay in the introductory paragraph. Some paragraph writing skills can be a help here. Generally, it is not very long, about 4-6 lines.
There is plenty of scopes to get creative in the introduction of essays. This will ensure that you hook the reader, i.e. draw and keep his attention. So to do so you can start with a quote or a proverb. Sometimes you can even start with a definition. Another interesting strategy to engage with your reader is to start with a question.
This is the main crux of your essays. The body is the meat of your essay sandwiched between the introduction and the conclusion. So the most vital and important content of the essay will be here. This need not be confined to one paragraph. It can extend to two or more paragraphs according to the content.
Usually, we have a lot of information to provide in the body. And the mistakes writers generally make is to go about it in a haphazard manner which leaves the reader confused. So it is important to organize your thoughts and content. Write the information in a systematic flow so that the reader can comprehend. So, for example, you were narrating an incident. The best manner to do this would be to go in a chronological order.
This is the last paragraph of the essay. Sometimes a conclusion will just mirror the introductory paragraph but make sure the words and syntax are different. A conclusion is also a great place to sum up a story or an argument. You can round up your essay by providing some moral or wrapping up a story. Make sure you complete your essays with the conclusion, leave no hanging threads.
1.Give your essays an interesting and appropriate title. It will help draw the attention of the reader and pique their curiosity
2.Keep it between 300-500 words. This is the ideal length, you can take creative license to increase or decrease it
3.Keep your language simple and crisp. Unnecessary complicated and difficult words break the flow of the sentence.
4.Do not make grammar mistakes, use correct punctuation and spellings. If this is not done it will distract the reader from the content
5.Before beginning the essay organize your thought and plot a rough draft. This way you can ensure the story will flow and not be an unorganized mess.
四、优秀essay范文推荐（Leadership reflection journal）
Leadership plays an essential role in organizational development. Personal leadership is a key aspect that contributes to companies' success and further development. In week 1, I engaged in a self-assessment, which consists of 2 parts and 12 aspects. This self-assessment includes core capabilities and leadership communication. According to the self-assessment, I have an in-depth understanding of my strengths and weakness. In the reflection, I will talk about my weaknesses first, analyze their obstacles of them and find out solutions. Then, I am going to focus on my strengths and how they can be used to help me become a successful leader equipped with exceptional communication skills.
According to the result of the self-assessment, I have realized that I have some weaknesses. Oral communication is the first weakness, which makes me feel embarrassed. Because of my educational background, I did not have enough opportunities to express myself in class. I grew up under the Chinese education system before 16 years old. Owing to the huge population amount in China, there are 40-50 students in one class. Thereby, every student doesn’t have too many opportunities to express themselves in class. Since I attended high school and college in the US, presentation is a common form to display our learning results. I have more opportunities to practice my oral communication skills. However, English is not my native language so that I have inaccurate pronunciation and use words appropriately. Therefore, I am not confident. Additionally, I am not a good listener as I sometimes interrupt persons when they are talking. It’s easy to hurt others psychologically despite they are useful suggestions. Making people don’t want to have a close connection with me for the first time.
I got a high score in leadership communication ethos/image relatively. Ethos is the character of the person who is perceived by us, such as trustworthy, knowledgeable (Barrett, 2014,p.10). When I stay alone, I always have a self-reflection. I am willing to ask my friends about their thoughts and comments. At the beginning of a semester or quarter, I will set goals for myself and break them into some small goals so that I can accomplish them step by step. All in all, I have strength in this field, and I can be an influencer to affect my team members so that they move forward positively.
In the future, I will improve my English skills and change my personality for better adjusting to a changeable environment. As a leader, I need to become confident and inclusive so that followers will trust me. Importantly, good communication is key to a leader. I will change my characteristics and then become a good listener. Gallo (2014,p.71) stated that commanding presence is used to reflect confidence, competence, and charisma. Therefore, I increase my opportunities to communicate with different people for improving my abilities, including commanding presence.
Barrett, D. J. (2014). Leadership communication. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Gallo, C. (2014). Talk like TED: the 9 public-speaking secrets of the world's top minds. St. Martin's Press.
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