How to write a descriptive essay？If your college professor expects you’ll bring a brilliant essay for tomorrow morning class, and you don’t really know how to write a descriptive essay, then ask professional writer to complete this task for you in just a few hours. Otherwise, if you still have time and passion for trying yourself in this specific kind of writing, here are some clear guidelines on how to do it relatively quickly and easily.This article provides you with relevant writing descriptive essay tips, steps and examples for your reference.
一.what is a descriptive essay
The main goal of the description essay is to describe something, be it a person, a situation or just something you want to tell people about. While writing this type of descriptive essay, you have to compose the text using your own experience and thoughts. No researches, no outer opinions, just your mind, and your head. Only sensory information is used to understand the descriptive topic. The description of the things is clear and simple. Imagination, though, creates pictures in the head of the reader, which makes this experience unique and personified.
It would make sense to start the introduction with a description of the context of the subject on which the entire description would focus. Doing so puts things into perspective for the reader.
How does it differ from a description? A simple description can be just several sentences or one long paragraph when a descriptive essay usually contains five paragraphs. It has its style and includes a thesis in an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
二．how to write a descriptive essay
When writing a descriptive essay, consider organizing your work in the following manner. If you organize your writing following these several steps, it will save your time and make writing easier:
Step 1. Select your subject, create a topic.
For writing a really appealing paper, you should have a clear picture in mind. Try relating to your personal experiences, clearly imagining that restaurant you liked most, or a good friend of yours, or any other subject as task guidelines demand. Mind that the best topic is the one that is interesting for you. If you have difficulties coming up with a topic, use some descriptive essay topics EduBirdie has already prepared for your convenience.
Step 2. Develop a thesis statement.
Consider your notes and develop a thesis statement for descriptive essay. Make sure your thesis statement has two components: statement about the described subject and reasons supporting it. In the statement part, provide your own evaluation of place, person, or another described subject and then briefly explain what exactly makes you arrive at such conclusions. For instance, instead of just saying that Sarah is a really good friend, briefly explain why.
Step 3. Select specific details.
Whether you are describing a person, place, experience, or any other subject, think of major impressions this subject often produces on you. What do you particularly like or appreciate about it? Which features of this subject do you find especially interesting? For instance, if you think about describing a restaurant; in the first place, decide whether you believe it is a good or bad place. Then think of particular reasons that make you hold such an assumption. Make notes of both your major impressions and corresponding features of described subject.
Step 4. Create an outline.
When you came up with an idea, for instance, descriptive essay about a place, and listed some features you’d like to discuss in the essay, create detailed outline.
How do you write descriptive essay outline?
It is particularly convenient when students create detailed outlines. Such outlines should list all the information they plan including in their essays: their thesis statement, topic sentences, several supporting details, and concluding sentences for each of the body paragraphs, and a thesis restatement for a concluding paragraph.
Step 5. Write a draft, following your outline.
Using outlines, students will easily complete their first drafts: it is enough presenting all the information from an outline in an essay format. At this stage, pay attention to details you’d like to describe rather than to your writing style. Remember that this draft is not an essay yet. It is more like a skeleton of your future paper.
Step 6. Polish your essay, adding more imagery.
Re-read your draft and now concentrate on your writing style. Mind that descriptive essays are not about telling, but rather about showing. Rather than just stating that the restaurant is good, try showing it to readers by appealing to their senses. It is not necessary to appeal to all six senses, instead employ your own experience and choose senses that are most relevant to your topic.
You wouldn’t appreciate a cat description, in which authors appeal to taste, would you? Students achieve significant effect by adding imagery and dynamic language to their drafts.
Step 7. Proofread and format your final paper.
After adding all the imagery and making sure that writing style and speech are appropriate, proofread your text and format it in accordance with professor’s requirements. Usually, MLA formatting works well for this kind of essays, especially if you are a student at one of the US colleges. If you have doubts regarding formatting or need help with proofreading, writers on the platform will gladly provide affordable editing services.
三.descriptive essay example
Prompt:The title of this essay is:History Purpose And Varieties Of Game Theory. Nowadays, game theory applies to a wide domain of behavioral relations, and is now way for the science of logical decision making in humans, and computers. John von Neumann and John Nash, as well as economist Oskar Morgenstern are the pioneers of the game theory.
It is defined as a means of mathematical analysis of conflicts of interest to reach the best possible decision-making options under the circumstances given to obtain the desired results. Its applications in many fields of social science, as well as in logic and computer science.
In the beginning, it was handles zero-sum games, in which one person’s gains result in losses for the other entrant.
There is talk that the beginning (theory of the game) began at the hands of the Jews in the Babylonian Talmud (0 – 500 AD).
And also, some writings by some people such as James Waldegrave (1713 AD) in his letter to Pierre-Remond de Montmort, which he sent to Nicolas Bernoulli accompanied by a discussion of what James Waldegrave wrote.
Augustin Cournot’s (Researches into the Mathematical Principles of the Theory of Wealth) (1838 AD) which is a limited version of the Nash equilibrium.
And also, the book of Francis Yessidro Edgorth (1881 AD), an article on the application of mathematics in moral sciences.
The theory of Zermelo (1913 AD) is the first theory of game theory published by E. Zermelo in his paper (Uber eine Anwendung der Mengenlehre auf die Theorie des Schachspiels) which spoke about strategies for chess.
Game theory was no longer an independent scientific field until John von Neumann (1944) and Oskar Morgenstern published their Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, which contributed to making game theory an area of independent study.
John Nash give us a big contribution in four papers between (1950-53). first two papers, he makes balance point N- Person Games and non-cooperative games and these two papers known to us as the Nash equilibrium. proposed Nash in Nash equilibrium the study of cooperative games via their reduction to non-cooperative form. he founded axiomatic bargaining theory in his other two paper the Bargaining Problem and Two-Person Cooperative Games. proved the existence of the Nash bargaining solution and provided the first execution of the Nash equilibrium.
Near the end of this decade (Late 50’s) came the first studies of repeated games. The main outcome to show at this time was the Folk Theorem. This states that the equilibrium results in an infinitely reiterated game concur with the practical and strongly individually rational results of the one-shot game on which it is based. synthesis of the theorem is obscure. (1988) Drew Fudenberg and David Kreps’s A Theory of Learning, Experimentation and Equilibria, which attack the learning problem (how agents learn the equilibrium) of the Nash equilibrium.
Game theory distinguishes between several forms of games, depending on the number of players and the conditions of the game itself.
Cooperative / Non-cooperative
The Solitaire is an individual game, where there is no real conflict of interest, because the only interest here is the individual’s own interest. In this game, luck or chance is the basic structure of the game, depending on the mixing of the cards and on what the player has of good papers distributed randomly. Although probability theory is concerned with individual games, it is not one of the favorite subjects in game theory, since there is no opponent who adopts an independent approach that competes with the options of the other player.
Symmetric / Asymmetric
In the theory of games, we tell a game what it is a symmetrical game when it comes out playing a particular strategy depends only on other strategies used, not on who plays out. If it is possible to change the players’ identity without changing the exit strategies, the game is symmetrical. Parity can be achieved in different varieties.
Zero-sum / Non-zero-sum
If the total profit-output at the end of the game is zero, the game is zero sum, and in these games the amount or probability of the profit is exactly equal to the amount or probability of the loss, which is equivalent to the term economic parity analysis which expresses access to the point of loss and no loss or no production And no depreciation. In 1944, Von Neumann and Oskar Morgensten showed that a total zero-sum person could be expanded to a N +1 person in a zero-sum game, so the N + 1 games could be generalized from the special case of zero-sum binary games. One of the most important issues raised in this area is that the principles of maximization and reduction apply to all zero-sum binary games. This term is known as the reduction-maximization problem. It was proven by Newman in 1928, and others proved to be multi-layered.
General and applied uses
The application of the theory of games is wide and multiple. The authors of the theory von Neumann-Morgenstein have pointed out that the effective tool of game theory must be closely related to economics and consumer behavior. Economic models, especially the market economy model, the perfect competition market is ideal for testing game theory hypotheses, the strong use of gaming theory in the Operations Research Department, which deals with issues of maximizing profits and reducing costs. Game theory is also closely linked to sociology and is widely used in politics. According to the views of many scientists, Quantum physics and many applications to explain human cognition and thought patterns is illogical.
What game theory still has going for it
1. It is a terrific way to describe the structure of many multi-person decision making scenarios, especially certain types of market competition with fixed technologies and firms, collective action, and more. This is true whether or not one applies equilibrium concepts. (I heard Schelling say that the best thing about game theory was the invention of the extremely useful game matrix.)
2. The methodological assumption that a social phenomenon can be understood as an equilibrium of an underlying game allows for numerous insights to be gleaned by constructing what one considers to be the game being played. This makes more sense if the phenomenon exhibits some type of stability (see 5 below), yet many phenomena have such stability, and equilibrium analysis is tailor made for those cases.
3. There is a blossoming literature on the game theory of social networks–both games played on networks and games of network formation. A social network provides a mathematical way to structure interaction in games that fits nicely into standard game theoretic analysis. I think examples from this literature will soon make their way into standard game theory textbooks, which is a good sign of acceptance in the profession.
4. People just don’t conform to the axioms of rational choice. This is not a death blow to game theory because classical game theory will always provide important a normative benchmark. However, until the models more accurately reflect actual decision making, game theory as descriptive analysis will always be constrained. Some changes could be quite simple to make, e.g., incorporating Prospect Theory or quasi-hyperbolic discounting and then doing standard equilibrium analysis. Some changes would be more ambitious, e.g., drawing upon research in neuroscience to better capture new insights into how the mind works when making decisions.
5. Despite #2 above, many important economic and social phenomena are best thought of as out-of-equilibrium phenomena, e.g., think of markets adapting to new technologies or cultural change. We have well-known tools from evolutionary game theory that provide ways to study some out-of-equilibrium interactions. But I see the need for a more general “dynamic game theory” (distinguished from equilibrium analysis of games with timing) of which evolutionary game theory would be a subset. There’s much to learn about out-of-equilibrium dynamics. Some transitions from one equilibrium to another, even if ever reached, are chaotic.
Writing a descriptive essay is both interesting and entertaining, but it takes time and requires lots of creativity. Follow the simple steps we outlined and consider our useful tips for making your writing easier and more appealing.
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