Sexual harassment in the workplace is now being treated primarily in the form of law, while ignoring the combination of other methods to solve this problem, such as neglecting the responsibility of corporate employers and managers in dealing with sexual harassment, and paying no attention to solving the problem by changing social attitudes and cultural perspectives (Hutagalung and Ishak, 2012). At the same time, considering from a legal point of view, in the settlement of sexual harassment, there are still some problems and difficulties, such as blurred boundaries in defining sexual harassment behavior, forms of sexual harassment in the workplace, to what extent a behavior is defined as sexual harassment and should take legal responsibility, and so on.
There are three elements constituting sexual harassment in the workplace (Li, Chen, Lyu and Qiu, 2016). First, the harassment violates the victim’s wishes. The behavior that the perpetrator implements must be excluded, unwelcome by the victim, there is no request to the victim’ explicit rejection word or behavior, it is more from the subjective attitude to elaborate disgusting and other similar attitude. Second, harassment is manifested as a behavior that is directly related to sexuality. The direct acts here shall include acts of "obscenity" and "rape" defined in criminal laws, as well as a more subtle degree of flexible, implicit injury. Third, harassment takes place in the workplace or during the performance of duties. It is mainly reflected in that an actor can take advantage of its position or other methods to force a victim endure such acts of sexual harassment.
In this reflection paper, the author believes that sexual harassment is still prevalent in our society, in addition to the existence of loopholes in the laws, it is more because the behavior of sexual harassment itself is mostly hidden and difficult to be found, coupled with that it happens in the workplace and it is often involved in an employer-employee relationship, making the situation become more complex (Hutagalung and Ishak, 2012). Victims in a weak position may be due to job opportunities, wages, future development and other reasons to choose to forbear, silently endure, they may also be afraid of opening their own experience because they fear of that their private life will be criticized because of that. #p#分页标题#e#
To deal with sexual harassment happening in the workplace, first of all, enterprises have the responsibility to prevent sexual harassment in hiring management, they have the obligation to establish a department to listen to staff complaints and give proper resolutions. Then, when there is an employee suffering sexual harassment and choosing to expose the acts, management of the enterprise should ensure that the victim will not be subject to any harm to her interests again, such as facing difficulties in her work, negatively affecting her promotion and salary increase, or even being forced to resign and so on. Finally, due to the influence of the traditional concept, women in a society are still in a relatively weak position, some women choose to silence after being subjected to sexual harassment, it should strengthen the social and cultural propaganda to change this concept (Page and Pina, 2015), while paying attention to the roles of social groups in ensuring women's rights.