What Knowledge and skills does a student journalist require to succeed in 21st Century Journalism?
互联网正在迅速成为记者的主要工具，被运用到快速的新闻采集工作，并且以最小的努力来更广泛得到观众的信赖。例如，像Facebook 以及Twitter这些社交网站已经非常地受欢迎。英国新闻界建议维护一个Twitter 或者Facebook 账户以便得到允许去观赏名人的文章。这是马特卢卡斯(英国,流星)的前男友上吊自杀,并在Facebook 上留下了他的绝命书。
新闻业内部探索技术造成的快速变化；与报社、杂志社和广播公司相比，在最近的10年或20年前，记者的工作环境几乎难以辨认。新闻业已经形成了科技的发展，因此必须适应它带来的剧烈变化。随着广泛和简单的范围内的可访问性，互联网已经使所有这一切成为可能，它为现代新闻铺设了道路。全国新闻工作者训练委员会宣布推出修订大纲，允许潜在记者所需的技能在“21世纪新闻编辑室”获得成功。改进后的新课程包括在线新闻的新课程和改进的“授权培训中心”授权规则，授权课程有一个集成的方法来教学…这反映了媒体融合的发展。全国新闻工作者训练委员会发布的评论表示新大纲：我们所说的是无论你在[新闻]的哪门学科中，这些技术是你成功所需要具备的。学生们想要它们，因为这使得他们非常抢手。我们强烈建议[学院]供新媒体培训。 - NCTJ.
The 21st Century brings a new frontier to the Journalists arsenal in news gathering and skills. Such as improved communications including the new spine of the world, the internet. As technology advances it broadens the Journalist's potential source and broadcasting output.
The internet is fast becoming the Journalists main tool for fast news gathering and a wider audience with minimal effort. For example; social networking sites such as Facebook or Twitter have become extremely popular and Journalism.co.uk recommends maintaining a Twitter or Facebook account to allow a vision on the posts that Celebrities make. This was the case when Matt Lucas (Little Britain, Shooting Stars) Ex boyfriend hanged himself and left his suicide note on Facebook
Inside Journalism has explored the rapid changes that technology has inflicted; the working environment for a journalist is barely recognisable when compared with newspaper, magazine and broadcast offices as recently as 10 or 20 years ago. Journalism has followed the shape that the evolution of technology has inflicted, and must therefore adapt with the drastic change it has brought. The internet has made all of this possible, with a wide and easy range of accessibility, the internet paths the way for modern journalism. The NCTJ has announced a launched, revised syllabus to allow potential Journalists the skills needed to succeed in a "21st-century newsroom". The new improved course includes a new course in online journalism and improved rules for accrediting training centres, designed to "accredit courses where there is an integrated approach to teaching... that reflects developments in media convergence". The NCTJ released this comment that signifies the new syllabus:
"What we are saying is these are the skills you need to succeed whatever discipline [of journalism] you are in. And students want them because it makes them highly marketable. We would strongly recommend that [colleges] offer new media training." - NCTJ.
Shorthand remains present as the cornerstone of Journalism that can never fall behind despite a radical technological advance. Tee line shorthand was developed in the 1960's by its inventor James Hill, who, faced with the problem of training journalists to write at high speeds in the shortest time possible, applied method-study techniques to normal handwriting. As he said 'if you can write, you can write tee line. Sadly he died in 1971 leaving a widow and son to keep his work alive. Teeline incorporates speed as its main focus, its flexibility makes it appealing to journalists as it can be mastered quickly and speed can be improved quickly. Shorthand is reliable as technology is prone to malfunction and can be banned from certain environments or poses and intimidating offensive to an interviewee. Shorthand is deemed an appropriate form of evidence because of the speed it is transcribed makes it impossible for fabrication.
Creativity is the heart of Journalism. The 21st century Journalist must be prepared to explore new frontiers in the realms of Journalism. John Singleton's perception of creativity in the Journalistic sense is all about finding the 'angle'. Under the chapter Journalistic Writing; the angle is broken down into four simple steps;
The publication your article is intended for.
The Purpose of the article.
Your relationship to the article.
The advancements the 21st Century has brought Journalism in the electronic and computer technology, the communications and the speed of which news can travel the world has produced a highly sophisticated network that allows the modern press to monitor the glob 24 hours a day and produce a story in minutes. However fast the advancement, it does not spell an end to television or print Journalism, it just broadens the journalists spectrum. Newspapers continue their role as traditional news source that will play a diminished but equally important role in the delivery of news.
Modern Journalists have to be very aware of how fragile their career can be if it collides with the law. But in the United Kingdom; there are a certain amount of laws that can protect the broadcaster's creativity or message, defamatory or not. The most common defence used by journalists is "Fair Comment", this defence has been used as such cases as Keay's V Guardian Newspapers (2003) in which the jury decided that what the Guardian had published were articulations about her motives. As they Guardian could not know what Miss Sarah Keay's was thinking, the article was labelled fair comment.
There are a wide range of skills that the journalist must master in order to remain on top of such a competitive environment. The journalist has no room for error as their comment is broadcasted and open to scrutiny from all angles; from language error to miss-interpretation of law. All the above mentioned skills have all evolved throughout the age of journalism and continue to be taught and passed on to the new students of journalism who must understand the importance and relevance to their chosen career and the responsibilities they must undertake in order to strive in the professional journalism environment.
In conclusion, the changes brought to Journalism by the 21st Century are largely thanks to the Internet and improved communications that has not only lead to better accessibility for a wider audience, but also new methods of delivering news. From the Podcast to the internet blog the audience can now select their preferred method of monitoring the news. The NCTJ has recognised the adaptation inflicted by the development made in technology and has altered its course in order to address the changes. In order for the student journalist to succeed in 21st Century Journalism as to be able to adapt to the changes brought by developments in technology and communication.