Essay题目：The harmonious beauty of Chinese and western art
Through comparison, this paper concludes that Chinese traditional culture determines that the characteristics of Chinese art's harmonious beauty are the overall harmony. The cosmology of entity in western culture determines that the harmony of western culture is the struggle between opposites, focusing on the struggle between opposites and the harmony between time.
The inquiry of the essence of beauty is the philosophical discussion of the ultimate meaning of human aesthetic phenomenon, which the philosophers have been trying to solve. The same is true for the application of artistic design. What is the relationship between the beauty of artistic harmony in China and the west?
对美的本质的探究是对哲学家一直试图解决的人类审美现象的终极意义的哲学探讨。 艺术设计的应用也是如此。 中西艺术和谐之美有什么关系？
"Harmony" has different interpretations in different historical stages. In the tang dynasty, "harmony" meant harmony and harmony. In the song dynasty, "harmony" meant harmony and coordination. In the yuan dynasty, "harmony" meant reconciliation and good living. Harmony has been applied to the level of social management in today's harmony mainly refers to more in line with the law of social development, with the meaning of harmonious social situation, such as creating a harmonious society. Harmony has been applied to social management. Therefore, harmony has inestimable value, which is also immeasurable in the field of art and design, as well as the beauty of harmony. The "beauty" here is not only the formal beauty, but the unification of technology and art, practical and aesthetic, economy and culture. What is more important is the unity of the thought of "harmonious beauty".
China's "harmonious" culture is a reflection of the sum of heaven and earth and the sum of all human beings. Heaven and earth can interact with each other. To do things well, heaven must protect us. Thus, a traditional Chinese culture of "harmony" is formed.
The overall harmonious beauty of Chinese art, such as the "harmonious beauty" in Chinese garden art, has been applied to the extreme and formed the unique aesthetic realm of Chinese garden. This is the overall harmonious beauty formed by the gaseous cosmology in Chinese culture. Gas cosmology, the Chinese culture characteristics in the overall harmony of Chinese art harmonious beauty, such as art, Chinese garden is to follow the basic principles of the landscape, landscape, architecture, sculpture, calligraphy and painting, flowers and trees, and penetrate each other together, will converge, basic nature of harmony and combined into a realm of life. In order to pursue this artistic realm, all generations of gardeners adopted the methods of dividing, dividing and borrowing scenes in the space organization and landscape organization of the garden. Its beauty in the virtual contrast, size contrast, match. In the landscape layout and landscape layout, deliberately pursue the overall harmony. Focusing on mutual learning and complementing each other, gardeners make use of various factors such as mountain and stone spring pool, green building, meteorological and phenology, and combine them skillfully, and combine hands with nature to form the overall beauty of natural harmony.#p#分页标题#e#
Western cosmology focuses on scientific objectivity and USES mathematics and observation to calculate to test and establish cosmology. In particular, the influence of western cultural philosophy, such as Schopenhauer, Nietzsche's idealism, Freud, existentialism and other thoughts. Ancient style, classical period, post - modern art aesthetics ideas. In this context, the harmonious beauty of western art is mainly manifested as an irrational feature of absurd beauty, barbaric beauty and primitive beauty, and art forms a new harmony in the struggle of opposites.
In the plastic art of ancient Greece, large buildings such as castles and temples appeared, and sculpture art flourished. The human body sculpture art body is well-proportioned, the spirit is gentle, has the external and the internal world harmonious and the natural characteristic. In ancient times, architecture was mainly represented by the column-oriented Greek classical architecture system, and the greeks showed amazing artistic imagination and creativity in dealing with each part of each column style and the relationship between the column style and the whole building.
The Renaissance movement in Europe advocated the breaking of superstitions, the development and use of science and technology, the overthrow of theocratic power and the promotion of human rights. To deny god - heaven, affirm the value of life and secular life. Therefore, at this time, humanistic artists tried to depict human and nature, and the harmonious beauty of art returned to the world from heaven. Obviously, this humanistic thought emphasizes man's conquest of nature, endless pursuit and complete affirmation and indulgence of his own personality. Man is the subject of art again.
Bauhaus architecture, with its new scientific achievements and aesthetic ideals, boldly breaks through the classical architecture system and is a dialectical negation of traditional architecture. The Bauhaus architecture adopts the method of "from inside to outside", which USES the requirements of each part of the building as the basis of design to determine the position of each part and its body shape. The architecture of Bauhaus is mostly a regular and symmetrical traditional pattern, forming a multi-direction and multi-entrance building, whose composition is extremely irregular. The harmonious beauty of the whole building group lies not in its facade, but in its overall harmonious effect of crisscrossing and changing. However, the Bauhaus school used the combination of various components of the building itself and the building materials themselves and color and texture to achieve new decorative effects.
In western culture, harmony focuses on the struggle of opposites and focuses on development. This harmony is the harmony of time in the struggle of negation and renewal. This concept of harmony highlights the play of individuals. When dealing with the relationship between people and nature, people and people move towards harmony from the struggle of opposites, bringing continuous revolutionary changes to the west. It is a harmonious concept of linear culture. Different from the western culture of harmony, the Chinese culture of harmony is contrary to, rather than opposed to, the concept of harmony, which is the harmony of space, the coordination and preservation of the five elements, with the emphasis on preservation and stability. Therefore, Chinese art can be preserved and developed in the harmony of heaven, earth and human.#p#分页标题#e#