Today, there are many small and medium-sized domestic students why "love sports, but don't want to have PE"? Why sports performing arts market attendance is not high, benefit is low? Why the ministry of education officials said, "there are a lot of sports professional graduates, due to the lack of humanistic quality, lead to physical education classes is not like sports, not physical education classes like sports... "One of the important reasons for the problems is the national" sports machine tools ", the teaching of higher professional sports lack of humanistic and artistic quality, had not yet cut some sports related to art as a cultural exploration of art multi-faceted, so that to cultivate all kinds of sports talent lack of humanistic quality, leading to poor sports practice teaching cultural appeal and artistic appeal. Therefore, the study of sports art content, to promote the teaching of higher professional sports from "kun skill study" to "cultural heritage" is of great significance. In this paper, the cognition of sports art content includes three contents, namely, the value of sports art, the essence of art and sports art classification.
In the past, the domestic sports professional neglect the study of sports art, so that its practice teaching lack of art culture content, and even the lack of ideological content and educational. In 2010, the national education work conference puts forward education not only to "education, moral education first", and also points out that higher education should not only adhere to the "personnel training, scientific research, social service" the center of the three tasks, but also shoulder the task of the "cultural heritage". This is a country poor in view of the higher education the humanities education, cultural inheritance is weak and other issues put forward new task, it also indicates the educational reform of higher education will change obviously. The teaching reform of higher professional sports, you must adapt to the needs of the national higher education reform, to take the initiative to change performance centered "kun skill study" people-oriented "cultural heritage", this is the era have entrusted to our mission. Because of the higher professional sports is to develop national all kinds of sports talent "machine tools", therefore in the teaching, increase the cultural content of art, and infiltration strong humanistic spirit, help to improve the effectiveness of the education, in order to resist the various sports dissimilation phenomenon. Practice has proved that in the teaching of higher professional sports, the arts and the humanities spirit culture more profound, more comprehensive, more long, its actual effect is better education, prompting the behavior of sports talent more civilized, more influential and powerful, or otherwise, even resulting in a decline in the quality of the sports workers. Recently, fudan university professor ru-lun zhang said that today, why China's higher education is lack of the first-class master, the main reason is the lack of first-class culture, "the quality of the decline of cultural performance in the final analysis is the drop. A cultural heyday, always, talented people and by the recession, will go from bad to worse, the first-class character ". Visible, culture is not only a symbol of national quality, and its "capital" face the world competition. Therefore, in the domestic university sports professional comprehensive cognitive art, history has given us inheritance of human advanced culture is the responsibility. That the teaching of higher professional sports for promoting countries from "kun skill study" to "cultural heritage", efforts to train various kinds of excellent professional sports talents, the construction of sports power has an important value.#p#分页标题#e#
Sports art content is to create art works related to the sports spirit and the unity of the form. The connotation of sports art content and form are inseparable, its connotation is the soul and form is the carrier. The connotation of sports art content, reveals the "value rationality" of sports work and Its form reveals the "instrumental rationality", both inseparable. In particular, the connotation of sports work is the "core values", is the spiritual home of the yearning of ultimate concern. It reveals of sports art content with elegant emotion, strong shock and profound rational value of education. Sports work content with art, in the form of dynamic, fitness, the instrumental rationality of win. Among them, the "high art emotion, nurtures the human fitness and win" is the essence of sports art content. Appreciations to the low level of sports, concept of heavy objects and light view, is a kind of "myopia"; A high level of sports art appreciation, is through the physical, to deep view. Among them, the concept of people is to appreciate the connotation of sports art, namely "perspective" the humanistic spirit. High level sports art connotation saturated with a strong sense of humanistic spirit, can make people grateful or shock, or more love life, or more cherish life and health. For example, shen xue and zhao hongbo pairs figure skating, show superb skill on ice, is not completely "form", but the unification of the "connotation" and "form", the "connotation" is the elegant emotion, movement, dedication, innovation, the spirit of struggle. This is the sports art content "essence". Recently, the domestic art "work" to produce the laughter of the "cheap", competitive sports can produce "aesthetic fatigue", is that we in the process of sports talents, heavy "form", the lighter the result of "the connotation". At present, the domestic sports artistic quality of teaching, training and competition, the heavy form, connotation of the light, so that domestic prohibition sports dissimilation in the performing arts field. Investigate the root reason is that we only attaches great importance to the development of sports art of external "form", ignore its inherent culture "the connotation", lost its ultimate concern, blurs the core value of sports art, so that we cultivate sports talents lack of ideal, lack of transcendence, lack of sacred humanistic quality, etc. Practice has proved that attaches great importance to the sports external "form" of art teaching, can only be "kun skill study", attach importance to its connotation and form of teaching, to call the tool rationality and value rationality "cultural heritage". This is a domestic professional sports educational reform direction in the future. Famous artist of Peking University, Mr Peng Jixiang pointed out in the "introduction to art", "from the point of art form, it is the unity of content and form, is the unity of the perceptual and the rational." The formation of sports art content is not only a symbol of the sports artists rich humanistic thought to the completion of the creative activities, and marked the beginning of people appreciation on his works. Sports art content is a kind of culture symbol, the affect and the education has a special significance. American scholar John and the horse in the context of the world of an American said: "the United States Hollywood's film industry, was the real 'weapons' Madison avenue image design and mattel, the Coca-Cola company production line. ...... This is to make the world more important than ever more americanized factor ". Visible, works of art is a powerful, breeding, radiation force and penetration, is the national cultural soft power. Professional sports neglected for a long time, the domestic exploration of the ideological content, the permeability of sports art, so that its teaching boring, and cultural content is low, the lack of attractive and powerful. Therefore, the current in the teaching of higher professional sports, should pay attention to the culture of the unity of "content" and "form", to study each movement "core values" of the project, to explore its external "form" "core technology", cultivate a batch of excellent "humanities thick, technology", and can resist various temptations of all kinds of sports talent based. This reform, to actively promote the domestic professional sports teaching by "kun skill study", to "cultural heritage", efforts to improve the interest of primary and secondary school physical education and artistic quality, thereby increasing the art of sport view and admire a gender, reduce national competitive sports "aesthetic fatigue" has important significance.#p#分页标题#e#
In the past, the sports art classification often according to the general art classification method, it can be divided into two kinds of dynamic and static. In this paper, combining with the characteristics of sports, sports art content can be divided into three categories: one is the dynamic of sports art, 2 it is static sports works of art, the third is the sports activity union works of art. Study the classification of sports art, to increase the cultural content of sports teaching is of great significance.
Dynamic sports works of art including: a spectator sport technique, and depicting the sports music, dance, drama, film and television, and so on. This dynamic sports works of art, can bring instant, move feeling, the art of passion and enjoy directly. Professional sports teaching and training in the past, the domestic heavy rankings, light art and performance, to cultivate a batch of "wrinkled brow, bite the bullet and make a fist" so-called champion. Practice has proved that in the teaching and training, increase the dynamic physical beauty, beauty, the beauty of the music melody, the effect will be better. In 1995, for example, lu Chen, students of jilin sports college sports department in Japan at the world figure skating championships, her graceful glide technique and special expressive force, only in a few minutes will be the beauty of the Oriental culture of "harmony" and "elegant" the beauty of the fusion of the western palace dance, not only won the championship, and with a strong artistic appeal and penetration, shocked the Chinese and foreign audience.
Static sports art static works of art are: sports of painting, sculpture, architecture, etc. This static sports works of art can bring people quiet, deep and profound artistic enjoyment. For example, the ancient Greek sculpture "discobolus body, electromotive force and the strength of the beauty of" static ", after one thousand years, up to now, a shock, is the swan song of the eternal. Just as Mr Pan Lusheng in the power of the beauty of are reviewed, the 7th China sports art exhibition "pointed out:" with the power of the art show the power of sport is a permanent topic... Sports movement shows the vitality of life, art with shape modelling of the eternal moment, respectively, from the development of the physical and spiritual care for life, in their own way to participate in the process of the modern human survival." Therefore, the combination of art and sports, promote each other, common development and promising.
And the static and dynamic sports art sports art, although the function is different, but the combination, can complement each other, complement each other. Sports such as calligraphy and painting and sculpture, for example, the static art, can the god of the mass sports; Dynamic art, sports can output dynamic and passion. Visible, activity union sports works of art, not only can make the person truly "enjoy sports", but also can improve the market competitiveness of sports products, so as to increase the undertakings of physical culture and sports and the harmonious development of the sports industry. Movement of combination of sports art, is the sublimation of sports culture, is a kind of universality of civilization.#p#分页标题#e#
Chinese taijiquan movement and Indian yoga workout regimens, is a kind of activity union, artistic works of sports culture. They symbolize Oriental sports culture of civilization. Today, action combined with the beauty of the culture between east and west, has been gradually of international recognition. In 1974, the 85 - year - old British historian soup than with the famous Japanese daisaku ikeda, founder of the new komeito, is the problem of human historical destiny in London for ten day's discussion. Discussion record "-- because soup than in 21st century and daisaku ikeda dialogue. Soup for than think: the advantage of western civilization constantly invention and creation, pursuit, outward expansion, is the culture of "move". The advantage of Chinese civilization, peace, like the Great Wall, on the defensive, steady, harmonic, is a culture of "static". He hope east west "static" and "move" the combination of civilization, the civilization of the Chinese "static", in particular, to promote the development of human society for the future plays an important role. Therefore, research of dynamic and static combination of culture, especially highlight the "static" cultural charm, to mitigate its "fast" and "move" culture to many of the problems of human survival and development, has the vital significance. Therefore, a deep study of sports art is human activity union sports civilization is yearning.
Markers, for instance, at the turn of the century, Beijing's bid to host the Olympic Games - "clever rings unreal taiji diagram", is the action of combination of sports art, according to the relevant authority, 2001 years ago, more than one city's bid for the 2008 Olympic Games at the same time introduced the Olympic bid logo, tai chi humanoid with Beijing's boldest, is also the most ethnic characteristics. Its bold expression in two aspects, one is that it blows the rings this sacred thing in the world, so far this unusual expression; From the strict sense of western culture, tai chi chuan does not belong to the category of "Sports", it is not a competitive project, more to do with the Olympics "faster, higher, stronger" goes, and yet it is a pattern of success. Its reason is that it is in many ways embodies the characteristics of Chinese culture. Tai chi chuan is unique to China a be seperated, formation of Ming and qing dynasties. In China has a long history of keeping in good health fitness culture has two kinds of claims, is active, is the main static. Take the initiative to send emphasizes "day line, the gentleman to self-reliance", "just to move, so strong." Main static think through quiet keeping in good health, spiritual exercise can prolong life. "And but different" thought of Chinese traditional culture makes the two schools are preserved, and the doctrine of the mean character of Chinese traditional culture and to the ideas of these two kinds of fusion, thus formed the apparent movement of dynamic, static non static sports works of art. Among them, such as flowing, static and continuous low slow more accord with the development of China's static culture characteristics. Therefore, no matter where go to the world, you can identify the taijiquan culture art figure, concluded that it is a part of Chinese culture. In the process of the deformation of the Olympic rings, also permeate into the idea of "Chinese knot". China was among the first to form a knot rope for country, long before the advent of bones, words, tripod words era, knotting chronicle in the form of expression of Chinese civilization. In agricultural civilization era, people are using the rope as the main connection tool, developed its function, also formed the rope as the raw material of art, with a colorful rope sprawled out all sorts of symmetry pattern, become a new loops, headwear, known as the "cash", the most typical is "Chinese knot". This is a full of wisdom and skills. This makes Beijing's Olympic bid logo become more resilient, more emphasis on a consistent character, expressed the Beijing's Olympic bid success will resolve.#p#分页标题#e#
Cognitive content of sports art, to increase the cultural content of the higher professional sports teaching, improve the effectiveness of the education, to train various kinds of construction of sports power "humanities thick, technology is excellent" sports talents is of great significance. This is the era have entrusted to the important mission of higher professional sports.
Sports art content is to create art works related to the sports spirit and the unity of the form. Its content and form are inseparable, and its connotation is the soul and form is the carrier, the former is the "core values" place of sports art, which is the "core technology", the unity is to promote the domestic professional sports teaching by "kun skill study" to "cultural heritage" is of important value.
Sports art content is divided into three broad categories: one is the dynamic of sports art, 2 it is static sports works of art, the third is the sports action combined with art. Among them, the former is the foundation ", which is "sublimation", then there is a "comprehensive". The three complement each other, complement each other.